African Americans did not get civil rights nor were they considered American citizens even after the Civil War. Equality for African Americans did not get put into place after the Civil War because of Lincoln’s assassination, nobody after him would necessarily support civil rights because they either didn’t support it, or they didn’t want to show they supported it because they would have had a chance of losing office. The South also depended heavily on slave trade; most southerners didn’t just give up their slaves they had already “owned”. The Ku Klux Klan Act was an act
Roosevelt 's administrators prohibited segregation in all military bases (Segregation2). In today 's society, people not of color have tried to argue that most can fall victims of racism. This is often referred to as reverse racism, which is where a person of color can be prejudice of someone who is not of color (Reverse Racism2).There was a case in Ohio in where a group of white fireman could not enter into a building that their African American counterparts were not accepted into. There is also colorism within minority groups themselves such as when lighter skinned discriminate against their darker skinned counterparts (Forms of Racism1). In Asia a woman will buy skin whitener as this is a popular
After many experiences of the cases against this law, the law was banned. This law was banned and made people equal . (Loving vs. Virginia) To sum up, many Supreme Court 's decisions have impact in civil rights: the case of Dred Scott v. Sanford, Plessy v. Ferguson, Loving v. Virginia. The case of Dred Scott v. Sanford, change the law of U.S citizens. Plessy v. Ferguson, changed the rights of colored people.
He argued that the railroads were not treating people equally, because he was not allowed to sit with the whites. He believed that the railroad company violated his right to equal treatment under the fourteenth amendment. But Plessy was confused about the tenth and fourteenth amendment.
Legalzoom.com, Inc. 2007, states, “The answer is that you can refuse to serve someone even if they’re in a protected group, but the refusal can’t be arbitrary and you can’t apply it to just one group of people.” This statement shown allows the amusement park to refuse service to not just blacks but to Asians, Mexicans, and any race of there choice. Glen Echo Amusement Park is not breaking this law because they refuse service to other races also. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 does not allow private businesses to refuse service based on race. However, Glen Echo Amusement Park refuse service to Clifton in 1959, therefore the Civil Rights Act had not happened yet. So it was okay to refuse service to anyone of their choice.
When Homer Adolph Plessy, who was one-eighth black, tested this law by taking a seat in the white-only section of a Louisiana Railway train, he was arrested. Plessy contended that the segregation law violated his rights under the Fourteenth Amendment (Newton, 2006). The case was appealed up to the U.S., Supreme Court in 1896. The Court ruled in a 7 – 1 vote upholding the Louisiana Statute, although associate justice John Marshall Harlan wrote a dissenting opinion. In his dissent, he wrote that “Our Constitution is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens…In respect of civil rights, all citizens are equal before the law” (Newton, 2006, p. 294).
Some people fail to see the way that major court cases in the United States history helped shape the way that the government is formed today. People with a black skin tone used to be harassed and treated differently than people with white skin tone simply because of the of the fact that they were colored. Well, that was until the Civil Rights Acts were passed. Three of the Supreme Court cases that influenced the civil rights movement by ruling certain things unconstitutional that were once considered okay: Dred Scott v. Sanford, and Plessy v. Ferguson, and Brown v. Board of Education. Dred Scott v. Sanford was the first of many extremely influential cases in the United States history.
In the case of Strauder v. West Virginia, an African American man challenged the state’s law that only whites could serve in jury duty, saying that it was unconstitutional to the 14th Amendment, but the court ruled that states could choose to exclude any person from serving on a jury, even if that reason was simply because they were not white (Strauder v. West Virginia). From this decision, it is clear that, even after the passing of the 14th Amendment, many, if not most court judges thought that African Americans were inferior, intellectually and morally, to white men, and still held that equal participation in the government should not be possible. The denial of African Americans from serving their country, through their local courts, in the same capacity as white people was a chief reason for the continual contention that was had with state governments, especially those that were disinclined to allow civil rights to African Americans, and court appeals for violation of rights seemed to be the most effective way to induce the equality of the races, or at least to make people aware of the social injustice. One of the most famous examples of the push against discrimination was the landmark Brown v. the Board of Education, a consolidation of four cases from four states against the state government for the laws against African Americans children from attending “whites only” schools violating the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment (Brown v. Board of Education). The idea of schools that educate students of different races was not a frontrunning issue in America’s sociopolitical eye until the eve of the Civil Rights Movement, and although the Fourteenth Amendment protects the rights of American citizens to enjoy equal institutions, the
The Dred Scott V. Sanford case of 1857 declared that African Americans were not citizens of the United States and did not receive the same support from the Federal Government. During this time the Congress also lacked the power to ban slavery in all territories belonging to the United States. In 1850 Dred Scott and his family were declared free under the state court however, this did not last long. The Supreme Court of Missouri revoked the Scott’s family freedom which led him to take his case to the U.S. Supreme Court. The U.S. Supreme Court denied him citizenship of the U.S. even if he was a citizen of a free state.
Before the founding of our nation, we were all considered human, all an individual, all connected, until affluence classified us, politics separated us, and the color of our skin spoke for us. This issue of racism, our skin color “speaking for us”, created political problems—one of them embodying voting discrimination among African Americans. To respond to voting discrimination, African Americans utilized demonstrations to rebel. In the Selma to Montgomery March of 1965, over 500 African Americans marched to demand voting rights. In response, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act of 1965 granting minorities the right to vote.