2012, pp. 167-177. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1111/j.2044-8309.2011.02040.x. Hinkle, Joshua C. and David Weisburd. "The Irony of Broken Windows Policing: A Micro-Place Study of the Relationship between Disorder, Focused Police Crackdowns and Fear of Crime."
created a need for further examination of this subject matter. The next chapter will look into theories involving the likelihood a person/law officer can become corrupt. Factoring in PTSD in with theories creates a phenomenon that police work creates the foundation for corruption. Although the upcoming appendix will show police stressors, many researchers have agreed that police stressors and corruption are methodological errors and no directly a result of the job demands. Police stress research has offered a diverse look into personality characteristics.
Treviño & Brown, 2005 offer a social learning perspective to suggest that “leaders influence ethical and unethical conduct through modeling processes, and also offer a social learning perspective to suggest that subordinates are likely to reciprocate with the positive behavior when they and their leaders are involved in relationships that are based on admiration and trust. This perspective shows how Ebbers unethical behavior influenced his managers and employees. Ebbers could have used ethical leadership style and influence to avoid deviant among subordinates if he has focused on commitment and passion rather than desperation, reasonable growth/expansion rather than over ambitious growth/expansion. This positive leadership style and strategy would have helped him in transmitting and communicating good values, positive attitudes and behavior that brings successful results and outcomes. Key managers could have perform ethically and effective if they had call attention to unethical acts and behavior in order to correct them or alternatively blow whistle to expose unethical acts, practices and behaviors if executives are not willing to set ethical acts and
This paper had two essential objectives. The principal objective was to highlight the relationship between racial discrimination and police brutality as well as find out the recommendations available that can help curb police brutality. The second objective was to analyze how people subjectively see law enforcement, and additionally what those suggestions hold the minorities in certain parts of the world. This study adds to the developing body of academic work that has analyzed discernments in regards to law enforcement by giving regard to the numbers and also what unknown men and ladies say in regards to those numbers. Basically, these recognitions straightforwardly address the emotions that people within the society at large make in regards
It could be remorse, stress, or even just loneliness. “Expert Frank Porporino summarized some of the literature on prison affects stating ‘the evidence indicates that imprisonment is not generally or uniformly devastating’.” When even experts think that prison overcrowding is not devastating the prisoners that shows a lot. This means that not only is it not cruel and unusual, it isn’t going to change them any more than a smaller populated prison
Week Four: Critical Thinking Assignment Do you think that this chapter (8) has accurately described the police personality? Why or why not? Can you identify any additional characteristics of the police personality? Are there any listed here that you do not think are accurate? Police working personality is defined with the following terms: “authoritarian, conservative, cynical, dogmatic, efficient, honorable, hostile, individualistic, insecure, loyal, prejudiced, secret, [and] suspicious” (Schmalleger, 2015, p. 242).
The psychologists compared the scans of the brains of these murderers to the scans of 41 control subjects who had no criminal record. All of the participants had to follow a simple task during the scan that dictated they press a button when a certain number appeared. The 41 convicts were chosen based on referrals given to Raine based on issues such as brain injury or hyperactivity. He found that these NGRIs had a significantly lower amount of activity in their prefrontal and parietal areas but their occipital ares had higher. The NGRIs and control were equal for the temporal areas.
Tracy, was informative and a well organized piece of research. The authors appear to have kept their research ethical, as they kept names any of the individuals included in their study confidential, aside from the authors of the research they cited throughout their own research. The article also seems to have answered it 's hypothesis of proving that the more times someone commits an offense, the more likely they will be to continue committing
Tragic events such as these define police subculture with a deeper amount of respect and loyalty among their colleagues. The effects are traumatic for most rookie officers and some veteran officers, but a supportive department and support from other officers are critical in helping to solidify the foundation of police subculture and advancing forward (Henry, 1995). There are simply things that cannot be taught in the academy and must be "hands-on", as each call an officer goes on is realistically different than the previous call. The same applies to those calls of service that result in tragic death, and it's important to have a strong support team of officers that have experienced the same dynamics and can share their experience with rookie officers to guide them into the right direction of what they will encounter during the aftermath (Henry,
Overall, through the MADCE study, results proved that those who go through Drug Courts have less chance of relapse, commit less crime, and Drug Courts even “return a net benefit of $5,680 to $6,208 per participant” (Rossman, 2011, p. 257-258). These results are exactly what the nation and drug addicts need, and a reform for drug incarceration starts