INTRODUCTION Stress is a word derived from Latin word “Stingere” meaning to draw tight. (Mojoyinola, 2008) Stress is your body’s way of responding to any kind of demand or threat. When you feel threatened, your nervous system responds by releasing a flood of stress hormones, and including adrenaline and cortisol, which rouse the body for emergency action. Your heart pounds faster, muscles tighten, blood pressure rises, breath quickens, and your senses become sharper. These physical changes increase your strength and stamina, speed your reaction time, and enhance your focus. The workplace had become a high stress environment in many organizations cutting across industries. Employees were experiencing high level of stress due to various factors …show more content…
An extreme reaction to stress is a panic attack. A panic attack is a sudden, intense fear or anxiety that may make you feel short of breath, dizzy, or make your heart pound. People who have panic attacks may feel out of control, like they are having a heart attack, or are about to die. Panic attacks may happen with no clear cause, but they can be brought on by living with high levels of stress for a long time. High stress levels also affected the morale and motivation of the employees. For instance, stress could lead to stress-induced gastrointestinal problems, irritable bowel syndrome, acidity, acid reflux, insomnia, depression, heart disease. Moreover, stress could push the victim toward high risk behaviour such as smoking, drinking, and substance abuse. Stress-related illness led to increase in absenteeism and attrition affecting the profitability of the organizations. (Kumar & Rooprai, 2009) Stress can be triggered by the pressures of everyday responsibilities at work and at home. Traumatic stress, brought on by war, disaster, or a violent attack, can keep your body’s stress levels elevated far longer than is necessary for survival. In extreme cases, long-term stress or traumatic events at work may lead to psychological problems and be conducive to psychiatric disorders resulting in absence from work and preventing the worker from being able to work again Some people who experience stress may engage in unhealthy practices such as; smoking, excessive drinking, poor diet and little exercise. They may become distressed, irritable, enjoy their work less, and feel less committed to work, have difficulty thinking logically or making decisions. Generally we view stress as having either psychological and/or physiological reactions that affect health. (Doddy & lyons,
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Unit 2 Assignment: Diagnostic Writer’s Response Whether it is a little or a lot, everyone experiences stress at some point. Stress does not always have a negative effect, most of the time the effects can be positive. On the other hand stress is associated with the development of most major mental health problems such as depression, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and pathological aging (Marin, 2011). It has also been linked to all leading physical causes of death such as heart disease, cancer and stroke (Cohen, Janicki-Deverts, & Miller, 2007).
Stress is a natural human response that prompts us to address problems and situations. When under stress, your hormones are released and your body goes into a fight or flight response. You begin to sweat more, your heart rate and blood pressure increase, and your muscles tense. This is why stress is so detrimental to our health. Especially for African Americans, who are already at high risk for high blood pressure given that it's part of genetics.
The reason why these can be regarded as determinants of his health is because stress induces a pro-inflammatory response and involvement of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis . A person’s employment and working conditions can therefore increase the vulnerability of an individual to becoming ill, such as Mr W.’s precarious employment. Precarious employment is considered as employment insecurity, with low wages and economic derivation as well as restricted social rights . Research into its impacts have revealed that such types of employment have a stress related pathway to ill health and poor self-reported health , with mental health being reported as the most susceptible and responsive health outcome associated with this determinant
Specific purpose: To inform my audience the physical, mental, and emotional effects of stress. Central Idea: Stress effects people physically, mentally, and emotionally. Introduction I. Imagine being so stressed that it affected you emotionally, physically, and mentally. II.
Specific Purpose: To inform the audience about how stress develops and its effects on the workplace. Tentative Thesis: Though the definition of stress is already well-known among our society, we remain ignorant towards how stress develops everywhere and influences the workplace. Introduction I. Attention
The more you have stress; the most likely you will get high blood pressure, poor performance and negative emotional tone because when we get in to stress your brain panic’s and end up getting suicidal though like “ I’ am going to died, if I stress out too much”. Or people die at the spot and don’t care how to suicide in which weapon or poison. At home my grandpa was home alone and went for smoke, and got his hand broken on the balcony. Then few days later he had epilepsy at night time. Then I started feel stress out that his life was in danger.
Stress refers to a dynamic interaction between the individual and the environment. In this interaction, demands, limitations and opportunities related to work may be perceived as threatening to surpass the individual's resources and skills. Stress is any physical or psychological stimulus that disturbs the adaptive state and provoked a coping response The increasing interest in stress research is probably because we live in a world that includes many stressful circumstances and stress has been a global phenomenon. It has become an integral part of life and is said to be the price we all pay for the struggle to stay alive.
Stress has been proven to raise blood pressure, suppress the immune system and decrease mental clarity. More specifically, stress has been known to contribute to heart disease, asthma, obesity, diabetes, headaches, depression, anxiety, gastrointestinal disease, Alzheimer’s and ultimately, premature death. Stress is caused by an increase in the sympathetic nervous system. The sympathetic nervous system is engaged when the body is in a state of “fight or flight”. When the body is under shock or a circumstance of distress or fear, the sympathetic nervous system is engaged.
On the other hand a lot of stress can backfire completely and can be a horrible thing for you. Too much stress can even cause health problems for you. According to Mayo Clinic stress can affect your physical health as well as your mental health. For physical health it can cause head and stomach aches, sleep problems, chest pain and even a change in your se drive. Stress can also affect your behavior, it can cause your to have anger outburst, social withdrawal and might even cause you to turn to drugs and alcohol.
Stress involves interaction of the person and environment. To quote a definition: “Stress is an adaptive response to an external situation that results in physical, psychological and / or behavioural deviations for organizational participants” (Luthans, 1998). Stress has generally been viewed as a set of neurological and physiological reactions that serves an adaptive function (Franken, 1994). Traditionally, stress research has been oriented toward studies involving the body's reaction to stress and the cognitive processes that influence the perception of stress. However, social perspectives of the stress response have noted that different people experiencing similar life conditions are not necessarily affected in the same manner (Pearlin, 1982).
Stress currently affects 100% of people living on the planet, some people know that they are stressed, others do not, and some people even believe they are stress free. Like it or not, believe it or not, everyone is dealing with stress. Although everyone is affected by stress, the quantity and effect of the stress differs. The misconception about stress is that it leads to health risks and an overall negative effect on one 's life when in reality stress is not only beneficial for one’s health, it is necessary in order to lead a healthy lifestyle. Stress is 85% psychological and 15% physical.
Symptoms include rapid heart rate, feeling weak, pale or dizzy, itchy or numbness in the hands and fingers, shaking or trembling, sense of terror or approaching doom or death, feeling perspiring or having chills, ringing in your ears, a need to go to the toilet, headache, tightness in the throat, respiratory disorder that is hyperventilation, urge to vomit, hot flashes, trouble swallowing food or water, cramps in the abdomen, chest pains, breathing difficulties and feeling a loss of control. Symptoms last for ten minutes mostly and you will feel tired after a panic attack. Symptoms can occur for other illness as well so see a doctor as soon as possible. Sometimes, the symptoms of a panic attack can be so strong they can make you feel like you are having a heart attack. However, it is significant to be aware that symptoms such as a racing heartbeat or shortness of breath will not cause you to have a heart attack.
3. Review of literature 3.1 Stress and its types: Stress is an essential mediator of human behaviour. Immediate physiological response to any type of stressor facilitates survival of the species at its maximum. Despite of normal homeostatic regulatory mechanism, the stress responses can become maladaptive. Chronic stress, for example immobilization, exposure to noise, irradiations, psychological stress can leads to a host of adverse health consequences, including cardiovascular diseases, neurodegeneration, obesity, depression and early ageing (McEwen et al, 2004).
CHAPTER 01 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Individuals have always been an important part of any organizational structure, i.e. sole proprietorship, partnership, or the company. Hence it is equally important that the services of the human capital should be utilized in such a manner that brings the maximum output. Since on one side it seems necessary to compensate the employees according to their skills & efforts, it’s also necessary to keep them away from the stress on the work place as much as possible. Stress is a condition of strain that has a direct behavior on emotions, idea process and material conditions of a person.
Stress is a very common psychological reaction everyone has dealt with at some point in their lives. Stress is the emotional or mental strain on one’s mind and body resulting from a difficult or demanding situation, whether it may be life threatening or not. There are two types of stress, acute stress and chronic stress. Acute stress is the reaction to the fight-or-flight response in a short amount of time. Whenever an individual perceives a potential threat to one's self, their mind and body prepares itself physically and mentally to deal with the threat, whether the individual decides to run away, or fight.