Political Autonomy In Dante's Inferno

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Dante strongly believed in the political autonomy of his peninsula and wanted it free from Pope's interference in the management of the temporal power to the point that, when Pope Boniface VIII called in Italy Charles of Valois (brother of the French King Philip the Fair) Dante felt betrayed also by the fact that the Pope had involved in the internal struggles between Guelphs and Ghibellines foreign people that enacted the victory of the Black Guelphs (the political faction that wanted the temporal power in Pope's hands) and Dante's exile.
In a few words, on 1st of November 1301, Charles of Valois (brother of the French King named Philip the Fair) invaded Florence with the official intent to bring peace between the two internal warring factions
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