In his essay "The Myth of the Ant Queen," Steven Johnson seemingly disregards the notion of pacemaker, labeling it as fake and a myth. Johnson debunks the idea of a top down leadership and sheds light on the emergence of the self-organizing systems in our society. Johnson's way of perceiving "pacemaker" seems too narrow, as he mentions that a pacemaker is a central authority figure. Although Johnson's perception is correct to some extent, in a broader sense, not only is it a authoritative figure but also it is also there to ensure a sense of positivity within us, regardless of whether being found at the top or bottom. However, through Oliver Sacks' essay "The Mind's Eye," we are able to complicate the argument presented by Johnson, as Sacks'
The authors describe the straw man fallacy as an argument when a writer constructs a misinterpreted version of an argument that distorts its original meaning and intentions in order to criticizes it as if it were the real argument (401). The either/or fallacy is explained as two choices that are presented as if they are the only two choices and there are no other options or anything in-between (401). The authors describe the false analogy fallacy as an argument that takes advantage of similarities between entities to provide a basis for the inference that these entities might also share some other property (401). Latin is used to title another logical fallacy, Post Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc, meaning "After this, therefore, because of this." This is a belief that because event B happened after event A it was a result by event A (401).
The New Deal was an economic plan developed by Franklin D. Roosevelt that was geared towards pulling America out of the Great Depression. Although it did not achieve its main goal, it brought the nation in the right direction so that it finally ended in 1943 when unemployment rates reached pre-depression rates. FDR focused on the “3 R’s”, relief reform, and recovery. Relief was meant for the unemployed and poor, recovery of the economy, and the reform of the financial issues to further prevent another depression. However, many critics argue that the New Deal was not effective at all in ending the Great Depression because it caused an even greater debt after FDR left office.
There is bound to be the decline of power for the U.S. Fridman is asking these critical rhetorical questions to bring up the problem with outcasting nerds. They are the ones that keeps America a world power and without them our rival can over power us. This rhetorical question is forcing the reader to think about how serious the problem is and by society valuing physical fitness over academia it is keeping the country from
“Generation Debt” by Alethea Spiridon is an argumentative essay that outlines the harsh reality of student loans. The author examines the consequences of student loans as well the reasons higher education should not come as an expense to the individual pursuing it. In the current job market a post-secondary degree is a prerequisite for almost any profession and the sad reality is that this costly degree is not a guarantee of future wealth. The author effectively explains why treating education like a luxury good can impoverish everyone, and outlines ways student debt can burden graduates’ lives. However, she fails to examine the reasons student loans can be advantageous, and this is problematic because there are several missing benefits including manageable reimbursement options, lower interest rates, as well as student friendly terms and conditions when compared to a standard loan.
Adorno and Horkheimer declare that society industry destroys self-ruling deduction and feedback, serving to safeguard the ruling request. It gives simple stimulation which occupies massed from the wrongs and disorder of the decision request. They contend that society industry has assumed control reality as the crystal through which individuals experience reality, in this way totally forming and molding their experience of life. Also society industry serves to keep specialists occupied, as communicated by the acclaimed quote from "Argument of Enlightenment": "Entertainment has turned into an expansion of work under late free enterprise". Mainstream culture seems, by all accounts, to be putting forth a shelter and diversion for work, yet truth be told it causes the specialist to further stay into an universe of items and consumerism.
Politicians fear that if they abolish Negative Gearing as was done for a short period in the 80’s there will be a destabilisation in the rental market pushing up the cost of rent. However as can be seen now, this would not be the case, the only reason rents slightly rose in Sydney and Perth exclusively was due to economic and population growth and the fact that there weren’t enough houses being built in the years previous. It also must be noted that 92% of houses that claim negative gearing do so on existing properties, which mean they do nothing to benefit individuals who want to fulfil their own Australian dream, by purchasing their very own home to raise their family in, but instead overinflate demand for properties, creating an artificial property market in which is being propped up on unsustainable holes in the Australian
He suggests that a great society is an enlightened one – one in which people have achieved “emergence from … self-incurred immaturity” (Kant,  2013, p. 25). He argues that one should avoid being controlled by institutions and rulers and that a great society requires perhaps not a great leader, but a sense of civil and intellectual freedom among the people (Kant,  2013). This freedom, however, is very difficult to achieve – hence why Kant states that we live in not an enlightened age, but one of enlightenment – as no matter how free a society is, and how many people think for themselves, “guardians” will always emerge (Kant,  2013). These guardians will blind the public – and possibly even themselves – from the truth (Kant,  2013), and will always find a way to somehow “serve as a leash to control the great unthinking mass” (Kant,  2013, p. 25) unless true enlightenment is achieved through a revolution (Kant,  2013). Kant suggests that if this is achieved, and all people think independently, a society will govern itself, create its own laws – or, at least, proposals for them, which would be sent to the crown – and naturally fall into a state of order (Kant,  2013).
Arising from such debates about Western hegemony and the relative strength of the local is the question of whether or not Globalization is seen as a generally positive or generally negative phenomenon. On the positive side, there are scholars, such as Kenichi Ohmae (1990, 1995; in Block, 2004, p. 25), who not only argue that global market forces and transactional corporations run the world today and that the nation state and labour unions have become obsolete as structures of social organisation, but that these developments are a mark of progress. More typical of scholars, however, is a more sceptical and even negative stance. Eric Hobsbawm (1994; in Block, 2004, p. 25) and Paul Smith (1997; in Block, 2004, p. 25) make the point that Globalization is really the traditional capitalism of economic imperialism and international hierarchies, which has been transformed by the use of new technologies and a clearer than ever distinction between industrially-based and service-based economies. Elsewhere, Gray (1998; in Block, 2004,
The author has tried to prove these two arguments by taking the case study of Metro Manila where the government’s only focus is to drive the export-oriented economy and attract a large sum of investment. And, how this focus has led to the neglect of the urban poor and their poor living conditions in the city. AIM The main aim of this paper was to understand that whether the emergence of informal settlements in the city is due to the consequences of the globalisation or is it due to the conscious negligence of the government towards this section of the society in the race of becoming ‘global cities’. METHODOLOGY The author
The economic differences suggest that D.C., for some, is not the most ideal place to live. As one of the most unique cities in America, the history contributes to making Washington, D.C. the modern day city that thrives on tourism. George Washington chose the site of Washington, D.C. and appointed Charles L’Enfant to plan and design the city ( Donovan, 70 ). L’Enfant’s plans laid the city out on a grid with the White
Situated in historically marginalized racial minority and urban communities it results in the impoverished community being ill-prepared to compete in neoliberalism’s rules of engagement because such communities have little economic, social or political power. The remainder of this essay will address current rebuilding strategies in Baltimore within the framework of the three strategies of urban neliberalization described above (see table 1 for outline). Before doing so it is important to provide context from the past ways racialized neoliberalization community building existed pre-late1900’s. While the label “neoliberalization” became synonymous with the evolving US political economy during the Reagan administration, many of its strategies have been in practice for decades previous, perhaps with greater government oversight, more social welfare, and not as much private ownership of public goods -as a white supremacist liberal political economic system (Kendall 2003). The right of the white individual to secure outcomes in their best interest through a free market system permeates the past liberal and current neoliberal political economies of the US.
If there is any setting in the world seems removed from modernity, it is ‘Main Street’, USA, a fantasy location describing small “off the beaten path” towns across the world. Small towns don’t get any credit for globalization, only major cities where significant change took place for the modernization of the world. But Ryan Poll’s, Main Street and Empire, is unique in arguing that the small town reputation is actually a complex ideological form, pivotal to the development of U.S. imperialism and intercontinental capitalism. The purpose of this book is to show that small town America is a source of national identity and has been a signifier of national values because, even as the United States’ power grew, the country refused to recognize itself
Deregulation, growing criticism of the welfare state, and an ideological shift to reducing federal aid to impoverished people in the 1980s and 1990s culminated in the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act of 1996. In a New York Times article, the director of the committee stated, "Today, the ranks of the poor are again swelling ... These and other statistics have led careless observers to conclude that the war on poverty failed. No, it has achieved many good results. Society has failed.