The war on drugs has had a huge impact on prison population. For the most part, the drug offenders that make up such a big percentage of prisons, are non-violent drug offenders. The non-violent drug offenders make up around 25 percent of the population of inmates that are incarcerated. Many tax payers believe that some of the alternatives to incarceration should be taken advantage of by these non-violent, drug offenders, such as sending these people to drug rehab center. This also goes for the inmates that have been deemed to be mentally ill.
In fact, according to a chart done by Prospect.org, the majority (52%) of inmates in federal prison are there because of drug related victims. Also, 53% of the inmates in state prison are there because of violent crime. This leads me to believe that what really needs to be addressed is violence and drugs. Although violence is hard to control, there is something being done about the drug epidemic that is increasingly growing. The United States’ drug epidemic is much more intense compared to other countries, including developed and non-developed countries.
About 1 in 3 black males are likely to go to jail,while 1 in 17 white men are likely to go to jail. Blacks and hispanics make up 58% of all prisons in 2008. It is estimated that if blacks and hispanic people are arrested at the same rates as whites,the jail population would decline approximately 50%. This wouldn’t be possible because there are laws enacted to keep prison cells filled, in order for certain people to continue making a profit from these prisons. These laws are similar to the ones in the time of jim crow, are used as a method to keep blacks down just like slavery.They stop people’s right to vote,the right to serve on juries, the right to be free from racial discrimination in emploment,housing and acces to public benefits.Systems
According to an article “ young offenders who were incarcerated were a staggering 67 percent more likely to be in jail (again) by the age of 25 than similar young offenders who didn’t go to prison”(Beuchamp). If that is the case now imagine how it would be if they’re in there for life, it’s a possibility that crimes could be committed there. Why have them in there for life when it can potentially make the issue a lot worse? It’s not the right thing to do, whether the offender murdered a person you cannot deprive them of their right to recuperate and make a change. As mentioned before, the majority of juveniles who are admitted to adult prison tend to develop aggressive habits and become suicidal because of the environment they’re in.
As these men are released from prison not only are their limited skills diminished but they no longer have the right to vote in any elections. With over 1 million African American males currently under the control of the criminal justice system, the voting roles of the African American community are being decimated by this prison epidemic. Some might even argue that the schemes of elitists are oriented around the construction of more prisons to ensure African Americans could not effectively participate in the political process. The incarceration of African American males leads to homes without a father figure involved with the family and the financial provider is gone in most cases. That doesn 't mean kids without fathers will end up doing terrible in life.
Americans broken prisons as people say need to be fixed, but how. Personally, I believe the problem is the people in the prisons. Putting someone in a time out boxed is very effective for three year old, as for adults it depend on how reasonable the person is. Through my eyes, American’s prison are not as effective as they once were because we have people who go in and out of jail their whole life, people don’t care about the and lastly crazy people need to be in there for life but a released by their judgement. The first issue I will address is the fact that most people go in and out of prison for the same thing or similar crimes.
“ We are not moving nearly fast enough to reduce incarceration… Over 2 million Americans live caged… a 550 percent increase in the last 40 years. ” Most of the people in the world are in jail. Therefore , incarceration is not lowering due to people being imprisoned on a daily basis. Half of the people in the world commit very bad crimes , which lead them to be imprisoned. “ Rape and sexual abuse are rampant , and tens of thousands of people
The overcrowding of prisons in California and the rest of America is the result of “manufactured crime”. These are crimes which have no victim yet are considered felonies and follow the three strike law. Many people do not know that there are more incarcerated people in America than any other country on earth. According to the American Civil Liberties Union “America contains 5% of the world 's human population while also containing 25% of the world’s prison population. Since 1970, our prison population has risen by some 700% - an increase far outpacing rates of population growth and crime1”.
Drug addiction discriminates against no one. Drug addiction is often close to home. “Even people with no baseline genetic risk can become addicts if their environment is stressful.” Drug addiction is a complex problem that is often misunderstood and difficult to address due to the high illicit drug use. According to the 2012 Lancet Series on addiction it “estimates 200 million people world wide use illicit drugs each year.” With so many individuals using drugs, I believe drug addicts should not be sent to prison for punishment but instead a hospital to receive extensive treatment for their disorder. When individuals are sent to prison proper treatment can’t be obtained; drug abuse goes beyond physical and needs to be handled with proper treatment in a hospital.
Joey Arbuckle Mr. Lealos English II, 2 17 September 2015 Capital Punishment Only 13 of 800 total prisoners sentenced to the death penalty in California have been . The amount of money spent keeping these prisoners on death row for all these years is over $4 billion (End the death penalty in California 2012). From having the death penalty, California has been wasting tax-payer’s money on repeal and living costs. California should abolish the death penalty because the prisoners cost too much and it does not deter criminals. The death penalty costs too much in California due to the high price of appeals for prisoners and executions.
The reforms made in congress have lowered the average length of jail sentences for drug offenders. Congress should continue to make reforms to the mandatory minimum sentencing and put more exceptions to them. For example congress should rethink the mandatory minimum sentences for all types of all offences. It is important to have mandatory maximum sentences for each offence because it would allow for less extreme punishments for lesser offences. The prison population could be shrunk with the addition of maximum sentences, This would limit the length of time one person is in prison with more time in rehabilitation.