THE MARRIAGE OF THE VERY YOUNG Nathan Ho Number 56 Academic English, Fall 2015 THE MARRIAGE OF VERY YOUNG: WHAT PRECIPITATES CHILDHOOD MARRIAGE Introduction 1 Reasons child marriages exist 1.1 Causes of child marriage 1.2 Negative consequences of child marriages 2 Health and protection of young girls 2.1 Alternatives way to help young ladies 2.2 Strategies to empower girls Conclusion Introduction Child marriage often happen to developing countries, poor and rural areas. It is commonly in many part of the world. Mostly girls are married below 18 years old, there many factor that contribute to child marriage such as young pregnancy, tradition , religion, security, family, pressure of the community, economic and political reasons,
A violation of human rights, child marriage also deprives the childhood of young girls all over the world. While a family 's financial situation may improve in the decision of marrying off a daughter, the child bride experiences the impact of a lack of education, health consequences, and exploitation. Most girls in developing countries are
V. Past Actions Child Marriage Restraint Act Passed on 28 September 1929 in the British India Legislature of India, Child Marriage Restraint Act 1929 fixed the age of marriage for girls at 14 years and boys at 18 years and was later amended to 18 for girls and 21 for boys. The Child Marriage Restraint Act was the first social reform issue which was taken up by the organized women in India. They played a major role in the development of argument and actively used the device of political petition and in the process contributed in the field of politics The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act 2006 The goal of the Act is to prohibit the achievement of child marriage and similar, connected matters. In efforts to completely eradicate child marriages within its society, the Government of India enacted the 'Prevention of Child marriage Act 2006 ', which replaced the earlier legislation of 'Child Marriage Restraint Act 1929. ' This new Act is makes it possible to prohibit for child marriage, protect and provide relief to victim and enhance punishment for those who promote or are invovled in such marriage.
In many places where child marriage is popular it is actually illegal to marry children. However, according to the 2011 Census there are still around 15 million illegal marriages every year (Impact of Girl Child Marriage). This problem could be solved by the enforcement of the laws against child marriage, there is more to making people obey rules then having it written on a document, what governments of countries who see the rise in illegal marriages need to do is investigate cases of child marriage, put a harder punishment for the crime of underage marriage, and hire more law enforcement to do what they do best, enforce the law. In addition, governments of the countries that child marriage prevails are looked upon once again to provide financial support systems to those families who result to giving away their own child in exchange for anything of monetary value, and through these systems the families shall be required to continue their children’s education to not only further their knowledge but also to keep them away from unwise decisions or bad influences amongst their
UNICEF defines child marriage as marriage before 18 years of age and considers this practice as a violation of human rights. The harmful consequences of child marriage are segregation from family and friends, limiting the child 's interactions with the community and peers, lack of opportunities for education. Girl children often face situations of bonded labour, enslavement, commercial sexual exploitation and violence as a result of child marriage. Globally more than one third of the women between the ages 20-24 were married before they reached the age of 18. Approximately 14 million adolescent girls between the ages 15-19 give birth each year.
Child custody is something most people are aware of, however the impact it has on the child is more unknown to the general population. The reason why people do not know about it, is because this topic does not affect everyone. More than half of all marriages end in divorce and the numbers are rising. So, in some cases, this can lead to child custody issues (Isler). Child custody is a result of parents ending a marriage and then given parental rights and obligations toward their child (“Understanding the Difference”).
Child custody is something most people are aware of, however the impact it has on the child is less well known to the general population. The reason why people do not know about it is because this topic does not affect everyone. More than half of all recent marriages end in divorce and the numbers are rising so, in some cases, this can lead to child custody issues (Isler). Child custody is a result of parents ending a marriage and then assigned parental rights and obligations toward the child (“Understanding the Difference”). Divorce itself has many hardships on the parents as well as the child, but custody potentially creates even greater problems.
Child Labor under international standards means all work performed by a person under the age of 15. Moreover, child labor is similar to slavery, such as sale or trafficking of children, debt bondage and serfdom, or forced or compulsory labor, including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict. During these years, child labor has become one of the international concerns. According to the International Labor Organization, “Child Labor is present in some forms on all continents, in almost all countries, and in every kind of economy.” However, under strict law, the global number of children in child labor has reduced. Based on International Labor Organization Report, it has declined sharply by approximately 31.7% since 2000, from 246 million decreased to 168 million (2000).
Child labor is one of the most dangerous and a long time social issue in any society. Child labor has been a historical issue that has affected various parts of the world at various intervals but with long term impact and in certain cases irreversible too. Child labor is a very demanding and difficult scenario which has an ever-lasting impact on the moral and emotional health of the child. Even till date, there are wide varieties of industries throughout the world which are actively indulging in the practice of child labor. Though child labor is spread across all types of industries, however the phenomenon can be widely seen in unorganized sectors like domestic work, manufacturing units or factories, service industry like entertainment, hotels and restaurants, tourism, and agriculture, etc (Babar, 2017).
The other side of this, the choice not to conceive, is villainized, hated, and not properly explained. Schools turn away from any kind of sexual health education that is not fueled by abstinence, companies providing birth control are scrutinized and defunded. The human right to a choice is being infringed daily. The right to create life and the right not to are on the same level, and should be treated as