A post mortem was previously used by neurologist in order for them examine the human brain and its many functions. However, technology increased accessibility to brain imaging techniques, as well as non-invasive ways to examine the brain in more detail (Morton, Sandhu, & Jones, 2016). MRI and PET Scans are the two modern methods of examining the human brain. Magnetic Resonance Imaging or MRI is a modern day technique which uses detailed computer imagery to identify body structures. An MRI image produces a composite three-dimensional image; the resolution detects tiny changes of structures within the body, identifying strokes, tumours, as well as detecting bleeding and possible swelling of the brain (Galotti, 2008).
Brain imaging technologies allow neuroscientists and neurologists the ability to see inside the brain through the use of different technology and techniques such as CAT, MRI, fMRI & EEG scans (Nigel Holt et al., 2012). With the information obtained neurologists/scientists to locate and determine areas of the brain and their relationship with the functions in the human body. Brain imaging technology also allows neurologists to locate possible areas in the brain that may be affected by neurological/psychiatric disorders. Without a doubt, it has been scientifically proven that there is a relationship between biological factors and human behaviour. There are two distinct types of brain imaging which are: structural brain imaging and functional
There are different types of image modalities in healthcare such as a CAT Scan, MRI, X-Ray and ultrasound imaging modalities. A CAT Scan is an X-ray image made using computerized axial tomography. Magnetic resonance imaging, more known as MRI is a medical imaging technique that is used in radiology to form pictures of the anatomy and the physiological processes of the body in both health and disease. An X-Ray is a photographic or digital image of the internal parts of something, especially a part of the body. Ultrasound is a sound or other vibrations having an ultrasonic frequency, particularly as used in medical imaging.
2.5 Intravascular ultrasound: Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is an imaging modality that uses ultrasound to generate realtime imaging of vascular structures. Images of the vascular lumen are obtained by placing a catheter with a miniature transducer on its distal end into a vessel. Vascular endothelium is assessed. IVUS makes use of capacitive micromachined ultrasound transducers (CMUT), which is based on energy transferal by a change in capacitance. Apte, Chang, Khuri-Yakub, Mioni, Nikoozadeh, Sarioglu & Zhuang (2014:107) states that CMUT are silicon micromachining processes with a ring shaped array utilized in intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) and IVUS.
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION In medical science, imaging technology plays an important role in the diagnosis of the disease . It helps the doctor to see the interior part or portion of the body with ease which results in easy diagnosis i.e. doctor can make effective surgeries which is crucial for the diagnosis of disease and doctor can look inside easily without opening or closing too much part of the body. In the medical imaging there are different kind of alternates through which images are taken and that are and images are taken with the help of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), CT- scanners , X-Ray imaging, Endoscopy etc. We take the advantages of these medical imaging techniques in order to detect the abnormalities and the diseases.
Orthopedics refers to all medical procedures that involve the human musculoskeletal systems. It is usually referred to as orthopedic surgery although most of the methods used don’t involve invasive procedures. It mostly deals with muscle rubs, medications and skeletal manipulations to assist in the healing process and eliminate or reduce pain. Orthopedic procedures have gained popularity in medicine as they are used to cure conditions and ailments that lead to strained bones and muscles. The following is a close look at orthopedic surgery and what to expect from orthopedic specialists.
MRI is used to visualize brain structures such as white matter, grey matter, and ventricles cerebrospinal fluid and to detect abnormalities. The MRI may be the usually used method for brain tumor growth imaging and location finding. It is really a medical imaging technique used to give the internal structure of the human body and offer high quality images. MRI gives a greater distinctive between different tissues of the body. It is used to improve the grade of diagnosis and treatment of brain.The data were obtained from open
The diagnosis is based on the physical exam, chest X-ray and oxygen levels and by ruling out other diseases and conditions. 4.3.1 Imaging. A chest X-ray can reveal which parts of lungs and how much of the lungs have fluid in them and whether heart is enlarged. In addition chest x-ray demonstrate diffuse and extensive bilateral interstitial and alveolar infiltrates. Computerized tomography (CT) scan combines X-ray images taken from many different directions into cross-sectional views of internal organs.
Then we develop theories and try to justify the reason these abnormalities occur on the skin. This technique which is studying, identifying and developing theories is used in every branch medicine and has a great importance in science when developing new theories, such as: the cell
As the practice of medicine has progressed, the methods used in administering anesthesia have also been modified. Anesthetics are administered through either inhalation or through injection. Researching the effects of anesthesia is important due to the diversity of each person who must undergo it. Differences in the human body must be considered when medically putting a person to sleep. Finding an anesthesia that accommodates a large portion of the human population is important because each patient deserved the same treatment for any surgical procedure.
When it comes to working in the medical field it is important to understand all the terminology that comes to the procedures and tests. Some of them are easy to remember with simple abbreviations, then there are others that require that the full name be used do describe what has taken place. When it comes to the musculoskeletal, eyes, ears, skin, lymphatic, and endocrine systems they all have very unique names and abbreviations so that the chart tells a story of what has happened to the patient. As we read further I will explain different things that can take place while each of the systems listed so that we can better understand some of the procedures and test that take place. The musculoskeletal system includes the bones, muscles,
The orthopedic pathologies which can be diagnosed with ultrasound are numerous. Ultrasound has a wide variety of uses in orthopedics that extend beyond routine diagnosis of bone irregularities. Ultrasound plays a role in orthopedic trauma, orthopedic surgery, and even bone densitometry. The following three article summaries demonstrate the versatility of ultrasound in its orthopedic
Single Subject designs include robust and influential methods for manipulating the behavior of individuals, ethical concerns are extremely important. Furthermore, ethical and humane treatments are crucial to follow during intervention and treatment. Walker and Shea (1991) had several questions to address when establishing treatment. Who will manage the behavior, who decides what behavior is to be changed, who decides what type of intervention is to be used. Who decides if the intervention is ethical, who determines if the administer behaves ethically.
1/ What are some of the different types of practice settings in which a professional medical coder might work Medical coders need to work well with numbers, and also should have a great attention to detail. While much of the job entails administrative tasks such as reviewing, processing, and submitting medical claims, some interpersonal skills are necessary. At times the medical coder may have to obtain additional information from a physician or other medical provider in the office. Also, the medical coder may have to contact insurance companies regarding questions about claims. Medical coders should also be comfortable working with computers and various types of medical coding and billing software programs.
Pre-claims submission activities are a process that involves tasks such as scheduling and registration, verifying eligibility, getting authorization for services, collecting copayments or coinsurance, documenting charges, coding, grouping, scrubbing and editing claims. Admitting/registration and case management would be involved these tasks. Claims processing activities is the conversion of verbal descriptions into numbers, submission of supplemental claim attachments. Attachments include Certificates of Medical Necessity, discharge summaries and operative reports. Claims must comply with industry and government standards.