In other words, the inquisition was a function set up by the Catholic Church to find heretics and judge them accordingly. Though more often than not the Catholic Church repressed the rights and harshly judged the accused. The reformation was a revolution against the Catholic Church. Its purpose was to overthrow the papal authority. This resulted in wars, persecutions, and the counter reformation.
The thought and work of Martin Luther was part of this religious movement called the Protestant Reformation, which ended with ecclesiastical, religious and political supremacy of the Church of Rome creating European Protestant churches of different denominations. The main difference between the Catholic Church was that Luther was convincing that salvation is trough justification by faith. Although the Reformation was not essentially a religious movement, it resulted in significant changes in almost all aspects of social, economic and political life, with a major impact on the history of the Western world. Luther's ideology caused several differences. The 95 Theses and his criticism of the church generated conflicts in the church world.
Louis XIV, as mentioned above, wanted to control his people’s religion, mainly because he hoped it would help him become a more powerful king. Peter the Great wanted to control his son, trying to force him to share his own opinions and values. Neither Louis XIV not Peter the Great was entirely successful in their plans to increase their power. When France lost many of the Huguenots due to persecution, Louis XIV lost some of his best subjects, resulting in a worse financial condition for his country. Peter the Great was certainly not successful in convincing Aleksei to study war, or to follow him in any other way.
5. Luther impacted the medieval concept of Christendom from his ideas and theology because he challenged the church’s identity with his radical views. Luther basically ignites the Protestant Reformation. He believed that the Bible should be the basis of all religious life and available to everyone, which became the foundation for Protestantism. Luther attacked the pope because he believed he had no authority and that scripture had the power.
The Catholic Church was heavily corrupted, and once he realized it, what did he do? He made his issues known by creating a document called the 95 Theses. This document highlighted the key flaws of the Catholic Church, which thanks to the invention of the printing press created by Johannes Gutenberg, spread throughout Europe. This obviously upset the Catholic Church as they attempted to silence Luther, but rightfully so, he refused to keep quiet. He was then excommunicated and basically banished from the Church.
During the 16th century, the Protestant Reformation challenged the beliefs and trusts of the Catholic Church. Between the years of 1517 to 1648, the Protestant Reformation began a time of testing the ideologies of the Church; this resulted in extreme political, religious and social shifts in the Church of England. Protestant reformers began to object the language that the Bible was written in and therefore translated it into various other languages, most notably in English. These religious shifts in Europe initiated changes to the ideology and beliefs of Popes, Bishops, and Priests. This was further fuelled by the influence of the Kings, and the power they held over his people especially King Henry.
The Reformation was a time in Europe in the 1500s in which people questioned the beliefs of the Catholic Church. There were many changes made by the catholic church. The people that were responsible were Martin Luther, John Calvin and King Henry VIII. The Protestant Reformation of 16th century Europe was primarily the result of three men and their disagreements with the Catholic Church; Martin Luther, John Calvin, and King Henry VIII forever changed the religious landscape of Europe. Martin Luther was a german theologian who brought on the reformation by demanding changes in the Catholic Church (“Martin Luther”).
The Protestant Reformation resulted in changes throughout the Catholic church and Europe. The Reformation promoted the concept of an educated faith. Some of the most well known reformers like Martin Luther, John Calvin and Henry VIII challenged the pope’s authority and questioned the Catholic Church’s capability to explain Christianity. Martin Luther was a monk from Germany that believed that the Bible is the only reliable and valuable source of religious rule. Martin Luther took action by nailing his 95 Thesis onto the door of Schlosskirche which is the Castle Church in Wittenberg.
Unlike Luther who had the protection from the Saxony rulers, Bonhoeffer had to face the disagreement from the church and the persecution from the Nazi government. He later was arrested and sacrificed. Though Luther and Bonhoeffer lived in the different ages, I find the similarities of their personalities, faith, courage, and passion. I cannot stop thinking that what if Luther was in Bonhoeffer’s position living in the 20th century, and vice versa, Bonhoeffer were in the 16th century? My guess is that maybe the history will be