It is very much easier to delay gratification when the stimulus is hidden from view compared to when it is present. We need to learn to void ourselves from both mental and physical temptations. The hot system usually takes charge when there is faulty thinking. We will be able to develop willpower if we learn to create plans that will allow us to succeed even with the presence of temptations. The hot system is likely to take control when we are stressed because we tend to yield to temptations when we are stressed.
2005). Cognitive Restructuring gets the individual to question their thoughts and develop strategies to alter the feelings and behaviours that may arise out of the thoughts, be it anxiety, stress or anger. Attwood’s Emotional Toolbox is devised through individual consultation and identifying tools that help release emotional energy, in turn clarifying and regulating cognition. The individual identifies a range of tools which can be representations of, or a physical tool which allows for ‘creative destruction’ (Attwood, 2015) and the release of excess energy often associated with frustration or anger. Tools and activities associated with relaxation can be added to allow for an alternative release of emotional energy, i.e.
One of the weaknesses that could be identified is that it disregards the importance of feelings and emotions in the counseling process. For this aspect, we believed that if one’s feeling could not be identified and change to match with their new behaviors, that client will soon resume to the original behavior. Generally, behavior therapy lays their therapy based on the directly observable behavior. In another words, it implies that behavior therapy considered as action-based therapy, as most of the techniques used in this therapy are usually practical. For example, operant conditioning techniques stressed that in order to change or stop one’s behaviors, therapists should either give them reinforcement (positive/negative) or punishment (positive/negative).
According to Endler and Parker, coping strategies can be divided into three categories of task- oriented, emotion oriented, and avoidant strategies. The task-oriented strategy requires obtaining information about the stressful situation and its possible consequences. People who use this strategy are trying to prioritize their activities with respect to their importance and to manage their activities timely. The emotion oriented strategy involves finding ways to control emotions and trying to be hopeful when facing stressful situations. People using this strategy, while controlling their emotions, may show feelings like anger or disappointment.
For coping, it affects psychological outcomes in terms of coping strategies followed by a stressor ( Cohen & Lazarus , 1973). One of the coping strategy included in the article which related to SCI and psychological adjustment is the behavioral disengagement. Disengagement refers to the decreased effort to engage with the stressor ( Buckelew et.,
First pillar is concentrated on conflict latent. The preliminary feature for conflict resolution is the understanding of its structure. In the approach conflict is described as Manifest Conflict Process (MCP), which seems a bit less dangerous as it can be negotiated and overcome, but another description is also indicated, named Aggressive Manifest Conflict Process (AMCP), which tends to be dangerous and perilous. The main goal of conflict prevention is preventing
Stress management refers to the wide spectrum of techniques and psychotherapies aimed at controlling a person’s levels of stress usually for the purpose of improving everyday functioning. Stress management is about taking charge of your lifestyle, thoughts, emotions and the way you deal with problems. Stress managements can teach you healthier ways to cope with stress, help reduce its harmful effects and prevent stress from spiraling out of control again in the future. It also involves changing the stressful situation when you can, changing reaction when you can’t, taking care of yourself, and making time for rest and relaxation. Good stress is manageable stress that can actually heighten your performance in certain situations.
What is meant by the term ‘resilience’ with regard to response to stressful events? One resilience factor is ‘hardiness’, discuss how this factor can be protective against PTSD. In this essay the multiple facets of ‘psychological resilience’ will be explored and discussed, with reference to coping with stressful life events. Also, the concept of ‘stress-hardy’ personalities will be examined, particularly in terms of how they appear to reduce one’s likelihood of developing stress-related disorders such as anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The American Psychological Association (APA) defines the term ‘psychological resilience’ as “adapting well in the face of adversity, trauma, tragedy, threats or significant sources of stress…[and]
The experience occurs in the person’s mind. Hence, it is a type of conflict that is psychological involving the individual’s opinions, values, ideologies and emotions. If you find it hard to decipher your inner struggles, this type of conflict can be quite difficult to handle. It leads to restlessness and uneasiness, or can cause depression. In such occasions, it would be best to seek a way to let go of the unease through communicating with other people.
PMT assumes that an individual’s decision to participate in risk preventative behaviors is made based on their motivation to protect themselves from threatening harm. People balance different risks and potential benefits. According to Rogers the theory is based on the results of threat appraisal and coping appraisal. Threat appraisal is a cognitive process that individuals use to estimate the risk that they face. It includes two important elements: assessment of the perceived severity of the threat and the perceived probability of receiving adverse impacts from the threat (vulnerability).