Operant conditioning Essays

  • Operant Conditioning In The Workplace

    789 Words  | 4 Pages

    Operant conditioning (also, “instrumental conditioning”) is a learning process in which behaviour is sensitive to, or controlled by its consequences. With human’s , operant conditioning is a good intervention to use in the classroom, or in learning new behaviours of any kind such as quitting smoking, drinking less, dieting, or exercising more. When we present humans with a motivating factor followed by immediate feedback the behaviour is more likely to be repeated and followed. It is a good strategy

  • The Pros And Cons Of Operant Conditioning

    823 Words  | 4 Pages

    will explain how to help get a young child to clean his room by using the operant conditioning method. Operant conditioning is defined as “learning in which a voluntary response is strengthened or weakened, depending on its favorable or unfavorable consequences. When we say that a response has been strengthened or weakened, we mean that is has been made more or less likely to occur” (Feldman 2010). To get such conditioning, we use reinforcements and punishments. Reinforcement is defined as “the process

  • Operant Conditioning Essay

    901 Words  | 4 Pages

    A behavioural psychologist believes that human behaviours can be explained and modified in terms of conditioning, without considering thoughts or feelings. Behaviourists emphasise the relationship between the environment and behaviour. This is called focus on learning, which is the changes in behaviour that can happen because of an experience. There are two main concepts, the stimulus which is the event or object that is measurable and may affect behaviour, and the response, which is the behaviour

  • Operant Conditioning In Learning

    773 Words  | 4 Pages

    researchers will observe the effects of the environment, conditioning, and reinforce-ment. One psychologists that is notably for his work with behaviour and learning is B.F Skin-ner. Skinner is considered to be the father of Operant Conditioning, although his work was based on Thorndike’s (1905) law of effect. Skinner added to Thorndike’s work by introduc-ing a new term into the Law of Effect - Reinforcement. Skinner also coined the term Operant conditioning. The term can be defined as a process that attempts

  • Classical Conditioning Vs Operant Conditioning

    1258 Words  | 6 Pages

    Conditioning is defined as the acquisition of specific patterns of behavior in the presence of well-defined stimuli (Morris & Maisto, 2005). There are two types of conditioning, namely the classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning is usually an involuntary response caused by the presence of a neutral stimulus. On the other hand, operant conditioning is a behavioral training as a result of reinforcement and punishment and these behaviors are voluntary. Operant conditioning

  • Negative Effects Of Operant Conditioning

    926 Words  | 4 Pages

    The Positive and Negative of Operant Conditioning and The Most Effective Method There are many ways we can come about in behavior. An American psychologist, B.F. Skinner, introduced the theory of operant conditioning. Operant conditioning is known as associative learning and a learning process. The theory is made up of two factors in which behavior is modified through either reinforcement and or punishment. In this case, reinforcement is referring to having an increase in behavior and regarding

  • Skinner's Theory Of Operant Conditioning

    1044 Words  | 5 Pages

    psychologists Skinner discovered operant conditioning. This theory gave us a better understanding of how a human mind works, and it also gives us a look into the human behavior. Skinner did most of his studies on pigeons and rats to get an in depth look on the main factors of learning. These studies gave Skinner an explanation on how humans learn and change behaviors. He came to a conclusion of realizing how reinforcement shapes behavior, which is called operant conditioning. When you look into positive

  • B. F. Skinner's Operant Conditioning

    1020 Words  | 5 Pages

    research, the writer uses the theory of B.F Skinner explain behavioral psychology. Skinner believed that the best way to understand behavior is to look at the causes of an action and its consequences. He called this approach operant conditioning. Skinner 's theory of operant conditioning was based on the work of Thorndike (1905). Edward Thorndike studied learning in animals using a puzzle box to propose the theory known as the 'Law of Effect '. According to Rebber (1995) psychology is what scientists and

  • Reinforcement Theory: Behaviorism And Operant Conditioning

    851 Words  | 4 Pages

    Background of Reinforcement Theory Reinforcement theory, one of the oldest theories of motivation, is derived by B.F. Skinner to explain behavior and why we do what we do. This theory also known as Behaviorism or Operant Conditioning, which states that an individual’s behavior is a function of its consequences (Management Study Guide, 2013). It is based on “Law of Effect” concept, provided that those actions with positive consequences tends to be repeated by individual, on the contrary, those behaviors

  • B. F. Skinner: The Processs Of Operant Conditioning

    1487 Words  | 6 Pages

    B.F. SKINNER Operant conditioning is discovered by B.F Skinner. His theory of operant conditioning uses both positive and negative reinforcement. He used a box called skinners box to shape a rat’s behavior to press a bar in order to get food. E.L THORNDIKE Thorndike concluded that animals learn exclusively by an error and test or reward and punishment. According to the law of effect, all learnings involves the formation of connection and these connections are strengthened by punishing and rewarding

  • The Tenets Of Behaviorism By John B. Skinner's Operant Conditioning

    778 Words  | 4 Pages

    thinking and feeling—can and should be regarded as behaviors (Staddon, 2001) . And this behavior could be researched scientifically . According to Pavlov, "Respondent Conditioning” resulted from the association of two stimuli, such as causing dogs to salivate at the sound a tuning fork. Consequently, Skinner developed “Operant Conditioning” where the “Stimulus-Response” association was elicited through selective reinforcement (rewards or punishments) to shape behavior. In this regard, behaviorism assumed

  • Classical Conditioning And Operant Conditioning

    1341 Words  | 6 Pages

    Conditioning is crucial in order to survive in and adapt to this changing world. According to Morris and Maisto, conditioning is defined as the acquisition of specific patterns of behaviour in the presence of well- defined stimuli (Morris & Maisto, 2005). This means that the specific responses happened due to the specific stimulus. There are two types of conditioning which is classical conditioning and operant conditioning. For this discussion, we will focus on the application of operant conditioning

  • Behaviorism: The Dangers Of Operant Conditioning And Operant Conditioning

    1261 Words  | 6 Pages

    modifiers of behavior being Classical conditioning and Operant conditioning. The outcome of using negative reinforcement has its share of benefits and downfalls in human behavior whereas; positive reinforcement seems to win over. Then there is the theory of Operant Conditioning of B.F. Skinner and what the public’s view on this theory is and how well it works. Behavior Modification

  • Operant Conditioning Disadvantages

    1408 Words  | 6 Pages

    inappropriate behaviour or undesired outcomes there will be something desired will be removed. This will form a sense of fear in them which will help them to obtain the appropriate behaviour and desired outcome. Followed by, the disadvantages of using operant conditioning. When using positive reinforcement on students on when using to shape their behaviours, there might be some difference in perspectives. It is because what a student seen as a reward might be a punishment to another student. When using negative

  • Disadvantages Of Operant Conditioning

    783 Words  | 4 Pages

    Operant conditioning is a good technique to use to make the primary 5 students listen to Jane and participate in class because it give positive reinforcement that will help the students to do assignment and participate in class. Operant conditioning has three types of operant which is the punisher, reinforces and the neutral operant. The punisher are those who give punishment when a bad behaviour is give or done so that the bad behaviour will slowly change into good behaviour through the punishments

  • Operant Conditioning Principles

    823 Words  | 4 Pages

    Outline the key principles and educational applications of Operant Conditioning. Refer to relevant literature and applications to the post-primary classroom. Operant conditioning is a process of learning that occurs through the enforcement of rewards and punishments for behaviour. Through operant conditioning, an association is made between a behaviour and a consequence for that behaviour. When a positive reinforcement is received by students in response to their behaviour, they are likely to repeat

  • Operant Conditioning Theory

    1848 Words  | 8 Pages

    to occur again and any behaviour that is followed by unpleasant consequences is likely to stop occurring”. – Edward Thorndike. Edward Thorndike was a Beaviourist and worked on his theory that leads to the development of Operant Conditioning within Behaviourism. Operant Conditioning involves learning from the consequences of our Behaviour. Thorndike’s theory simply means to achieve good behaviour and learning one must first present

  • Operant Conditioning Assignment

    912 Words  | 4 Pages

    Operant Conditioning Writing Assignment I decided to train my 15-year-old sister in order that she wakes up at 6:30 am every day of the week so that this way she gets early to school and I get early to college since I have to take her to school. Her original behavior is that she does not get up at 6:30 am by herself on the week and I have to wake her up. When I wake her up, she likes to listen to music at a high volume to get dressed and is very irritating for me to listen to music at a high volume

  • Operant Conditioning Vs Classical Conditioning

    1388 Words  | 6 Pages

    continuously studied are Operant Conditioning and Classical Conditioning. In our everyday activities we are constantly experiencing one, if not both learning theories. These theories have played an important role in our medical advancements such as in research and improvement in medicine. Burrhus Fredric Skinner developed operant condition which is process of “learning from the consequences of our behavior through positive or negative reinforcements” (Ayers, 2011, p. 379). An “operant” is some unit of

  • Essay On Operant Conditioning

    857 Words  | 4 Pages

    Briefly, operant conditioning mean that human and animal may increase or decrease their behavior depend on the past experience, such as reward or punishment that from the result of doing some kinds of behaviors. The law of effect is occur at the operant conditioning, Thorndike(1874-1949) show that the behaviors tend to be repeated if it is followed by satisfying outcomes and stopped if