In the view of push and pull migration theory, the decision of migrate is determined by the factors to associate with the area of origin, are of destination and supply-push factors in the origin area and the network factors that link origin and destination. Lee also acknowledged that migration is basically because of individual migrant’s characteristics because people respond in various forms to the plus and minus factors of the origin and destination places and have different abilities for the adaptation (Hass H. D, 2008). These are some general push and pull factors of Myanmar cross border workers for the reason to migrate into the
Human migration comprehends the movements of persons or families from one place to another with the intention of settling temporarily or permanently in a destination place. This definition is enormously wide, large and it can be considered as part of the natural human activity, and as a necessity of the society’s evolution itself. However, the notion drags into consideration the political impact and consequences of the movement process of people or communities from one place to another, not only from the migrant insight but also from the host country’s observation. For the matter of this research, migration would be understood and limited to the definition of International Migration, which also includes different types of migration according to the reasons why the emigration may occur. For the purposes of this research, migration would be defined based on the clarity of the German office of Migration and Refugees (Bundesamt für Migration un Flüchtlinge) which identifies that this exodus occurs when one person moves from his or her usual place of residence and clarifies that international migration occurs when this migration happens across national boundaries (Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge, 2014, p. 10).
Economic causes imply that people are migrating to find employments or to follow a precise way for their career. Political migration is a forced migration due to the fact that people are moving away to flee from political persecution or any type of war. There are factors that are the main causes for the migration. They can be classified into push and pull factors
There are different schools of though responsible for the wide spread of human trafficking issues Myanmar. Migration could be the core reason that is clearly evident among migrant. The movements of people to new places combine with pull and push factors, such as limited livelihoods, social economic development gap within the region, and along the borders of China and Thailand in search of better living conditions. Most of the migrants from Myanmar seek job opportunity with minimum requirement of proficiency as worker in factory and fish vessels. In addition to wages incentive and demand of less skilled labors in neighboring countries act as a pull factors for the migrants.
It can be argued that one of the main social theories, namely, social constructivism, can provide an explanation to the given perception. The argument through social constructivism implies that, refugees are solely perceived a problem as a result of our acknowledgement (Forced migration, 33). It can be argued that the discursive practices used to describe refugees as a potential problem is based on a construction that we generate through interactions. Furthermore, one can argue, that these constructions that are composed derives from the cultural environment. The cultural environment produces and creates the given actors, which can, to some extent, be argued as a ‘vicious’ circle that reinforces the same assumptions of refugees as a problem in need of solution (Globalization 158).
Compared to the Netherlands and Tokyo the United States has an abundance of physical space. The United States was affected by migration the late 1800's to early 1900's. When masses of people came to America, farm communities started to decline and cities expanded. Human migration between rural villages and big cities in Nigeria is causing a great impact on society in Nigeria as a
they are also likey to become poor adults. Women have a lot of responsibilty with the home ie manage their children and houses therefore they are employed on part time jobs which offer a lower wage rate than a full time job.Ethnic groups are found in all countries these are from the tribal regions and are uneducated hence have trouble to find jobs which means no money and further are hit by poverty.Older people ie the people above the age of 65 which is the retirement age , they get a low pension which is less than the amount they were getting while
2.1. Effect of Migration In addition to money, migration also entails the circulation of ideas, practices, skills, identities, and social capital also circulate between sending and receiving communities. Technology flows back to source countries when migrants return; for example, they provide evidence that highly skilled migrants increasingly migrate temporarily and, therefore, bring back with them the knowledge they acquire abroad (Lacroix et al. 2016, Mayr and Peri 2008 in Douglas 2015). 2.1.1.