Race In Alejandro De La Fuente's A Nation For All

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Race relations within the revolutionary Caribbean complicated the Twentieth Century, leaving questions of freedom and nationalism open to interpretation. In A Nation for All, Alejandro De La Fuente examines various meanings of race within post-Spanish Cuba, Batista’s Cuba, and socialist Cuba, and how racial tensions aligned with revolutionary ideas. Rather than simply adopting a chronological organization of events, Alejandro De La Fuente gains the reader’s attention by utilizing a thematic scheme. The idea of an inequality, masked by revolutionary, egalitarian rhetoric, remains central to each thematic division. De La Fuente’s work serves to undermine the elitist pretense of equality in Twentieth Century Cuba and expose the long-term effects of racism against Afro-Cubans. In the first portion of the work, “The First Republic,” the reader is taken to post-Spanish Cuba between 1902 and 1933. Two facets of Cuban society become central to this section: “racial order or racial democracy” and “electoral politics.” Using examples from José Martí as well as Cuban and American officials, De La Fuente introduces his point of unifying rhetoric as being inherently racist and divisive. Elites’ denial of racial issues in Cuba were often accompanied by ideas of laziness on the part of Afro-Cubans as well as ubiquitous differences and deficiencies. Such an idea is essential to studying Twentieth-Century Cuba, but also to academic work across the Caribbean. In such a manner, revolutionary

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