Operation Northwoods was one, in a series of proposals, by John F. Kennedy 's Joint Chiefs of Staff for the creation of a False Flag Operation against Fidel Castro 's government with the objective of destabilizing Cuba through the application of U.S. military forces. The proposal, approved under the authority of Joint Chiefs Chairman Lyman Lemnitzer, detailed several ideas to destabilize the Cuban Government to include the perception of an attack by Cuban Nationals against US forces stationed in Guantanamo. In reality, the attack would have been manufactured by covert US forces and would utilize the services of anti-Castro Cuban exiles as Cuban agitators (Davis, 2006) (Meeting with president, 1962). In 1962, the spread of Communism was
In January of 1959, Fidel Castro came to power. The United States’ attempted to overthrow Castro with the Bay of Pigs Invasion, a CIA operation to overthrow Fidel Castro by landing 1200 disgruntled Cuban exiles in the Bay of Pigs. The attempt fails miserably and is a huge embarrassment for Kennedy, who then vows to bring down Castro. After the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion, Castro looked to the Soviet Union for protection. According to document D in 1962 “The soviets began shipping 40,000 troops, 60 missiles and 158 nuclear warheads to communist Cuba.” However, U.S spy planes soon identified evidence of the nuclear missile sites being rapidly installed in Cuba. As a result, the U.S quarantined (set a zone around) Cuba where ships carrying weapons could not go. If Cuba had missiles, they could threaten other countries and make them submit to Cuba which would result in them becoming communist. Numerous Soviet transports stopped dead in the water just outside the quarantine line. In April 1963, the United States and the Soviet Union came to an agreement. Soviets withdrew their missiles from Cuba and the U.s removed their missiles from Turkey. This tactic of containment through blockades/quarantines was highly effective because as a result of the quarantine, there were no more missiles in Cuba so they could not take over other countries and spread
c) Fidel Castro was a leader eho declared himself a communist, thus forcing the communist rule in Cuba. The enforcement led to the Cuban missile crisis and the conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union.
The Cuban and Puerto Rico became connected with United States through the Spanish-American War after the April of 1898 signing of the “Treaty of Paris”. Which gave the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, The Marianas, Samoa, Panama, the Philippine Islands and Cuba. This is how Cuba and Puerto Rico became connected to the United States. The reason as to why the United States entered the war with Spain varies. Some thought the U.S was just responding to cries to help on the part of the oppressed people. Others said the U.S needed Puerto Rico and Cuba for military strategic reasons and provoked the war when these countries were about to become independent. Also another reason was The United States did not want Cuba to become independent of the reason that was; belief that with large numbers of Afro-Cuban the country would experience political instability, social conflict and economic chaos.
During the Cold War, the Cuban Missile Crisis took place. It was when two superpowers were close to causing a nuclear war. Its main origin was when the United States invaded Cuba, on April 10, 1961; which is also known as the Bay of Pigs invasion. After the invasion, previous Prime Minister; Fidel Castro of Cuba, was ‘paranoid’ because he felt like America was planning another attack. So in order to protect his nation, he sought military and economic help from the Soviet Union. Late president Nikita Khrushchev (from USSR), agreed to assist Castro and took immediate action. He installed missiles in Cuba, which the US thought was a threat to the security of their nation. In summary, I think that this was a defensive move by the Cubans.
The Cold War was a very significant period of time in the history of the world. The two Superpowers, USSR and the United States of America, were in the battlefield of ideology representing Socialism and Capitalism respectively. One of the most crucial conflicts in this Nuclear Arms Race was the Cuban Missile Crisis; in fact, it was the closest that the two sides ever got to the nuclear annihilation of the entire human species. As per the Monroe Doctrine of 1823, all the Americas would eventually be under the United States of America, and this supposedly justified the Bay of Pigs invasion by the U.S. to overthrow Castro, and return Capitalism to the nation. In consequence to this threatening attack of the U.S. Castro approached Khrushchev for economic and military support to stand up against Kennedy. Khrushchev and Castro thought that the Soviet missiles landing in Cuba would be the perfect recipe to get to an advantage in the war against Capitalism, and secure Socialist Cuba at the same time. In this manner, Castro and the Cubans were being defensive in their action of seeking help from the Soviet Union and merely placing nuclear missiles in Cuba; it cannot be termed to be aggression against the United States of America if it was a measure undertaken to secure a nation.
The Cuban Missile Crisis occurred in the month of October, 1962 when American-Soviet relations were tested by the installation of nuclear missiles in Cuba by the Soviet Union. Many historians point to this moment in time as the closest the United States and the Soviets ever came to nuclear war. The tensions began to rise once the Bay of Pigs invasion of 1961, supported by the American government, failed to remove Fidel Castro from power in Cuba. As a result, Castro was open for the Soviet Premier Khrushchev to place troops and nuclear missiles to threaten the United States. Khrushchev considered this justifiable because of the American missiles positioned in Turkey. The support for Cuba provided the Soviets with several political and diplomatic advantages, and became an immediate threat in the eyes of the American government.
The Cuban Missile Address is delivered October 22nd, 1962 in the Presidential office through a major radio and television address (Podell, Anzovin, and States United 705). Historically, it is worth mentioning that United States had attempted to overthrow Fidel Castro, who was at the time Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba, in at least two occasions known as the Bay of Pigs Operation and Operation Mongoose, because of his communist regime and close relationship with the Soviet Union (Pious). Then, after the Bay of Pigs incident, Fidel Castro urged Nikita Khrushchev, the Secretary General of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, to send support and weapons to Cuba, because of the fear of another attack to his person/regime, Nikita did by sending missiles capable of carrying weapons of mass destruction, hence, this major crisis that lasted 14 days ending October 28, 1962 (Deinema and Leydesdorff). In addition, the target audience for this speech is the American people as President starts his speech with the phrase, “Good evening, my fellow citizens” (Kennedy); however, the secondary audience would be the Cuban people, whom he describes as captive people, the Soviet Union leaders, whom he directly addresses and even quotes, and Fidel Castro of course (Kennedy). As noted above, the cultural, socio-political context is important to understand the seriousness of this crisis and
The Cuban-U.S relationship was a smooth and promising one until it got entangled in a web of an unforeseen catastrophe. Cuba is a sovereign state operating under a unitary government and a former colony of the Spanish empire up until after the Spanish-American war in1898 that saw the defeat of Spain by the United State and this was as a result of the fight against colonialism which the United States took upon itself to liberate its neighboring countries coupled with its expansionist desires. And, ever since then, the United State has been directing the Cuban affairs politically and economically. After the coup that led to the exit and overthrow of General Fulgencio Batista in 1959 by Fidel Castro, the American hope of establishing a stronger bond with Cuba in order to keep its business interest flourishing began staggering as a result of the building of economic ties with
There were three different options to contemplate during the Cuban Missile Crisis. This all started when the US planned a secret attack on Cuba. Then Cuba and USSR planted missiles ready to attack on the US. The US planted missiles in Turkey and then it all began. The three solutions to the Cuban Missile Crisis were a nuclear war, limited war, or negotiate a way to remove the missiles.
January of 1959, Cuba welcomed the first of the Cuban Revolution, and had become a communist country under the rule of Fidel Castro as mentioned in “Document D”. The US, against communism, became much involved in Cuba during 1962, when
Before reading this book, i hadn't considered that side of the argument. this is perhaps the opinion that Wes Avery is the most biased about. He sees this idea as cruel and selfish, and doesn't understand why anyone would be okay with killing civilians when there are other possible ways to remove the missiles. I agree with him in that aspect, but it also makes me wonder why bombing Cuba like this is not justified in Wes' mind when severely bombing Japan was. It also makes me wonder about how the relationship between the US and Cuba would have changed if this had happened. NOt only would there have been many Cuban civilian casualties, but there would've been many orphaned cuban children in the US, who would have little hope of seeing their parents again. Emilio reflects this common distress of the other cuban children here during this
It’s meaning is simple. “The capacity or ability to direct or influence the behavior of others or the course of events” (Dictionary). That is exactly what the Cuban Revolution was all about, the battle for power. Fulgencio Batista was the leader of Cuba before and during the revolution. He was the deep-rooted cause of the Cuban revolution. Batista became far more dictatorial when he took control of Cuba. He became indifferent to popular concerns or commands. The Cuban Revolution pitted Batista against Fidel Castro (and the Cuban people) in a fight for control of Cuba. This fight eventually also involved the USA and Russia, which led to the Cuban Missile Crisis. At this time, Cuba had become the first Communist state in the western hemisphere. This scared the U.S.; they didn’t want the “Red Menace” in their own backyard (Green 77). For the Cubans, the Cuban Revolution marked the end of half a century of unstable government, international and national corruption and foreign dominance by the United States (Stoner 1). Although a controversial figure for most Cubans, Fidel Castro successfully overthrew an unfair and cruel government system by overcoming several significant roadblocks, developing unusual allies to plot the overthrow of Batista and finally taking control promising democracy, land reform and other major political and economic
Missile Crisis that could have lead to an extreme nuclear war. Because of this extreme case, John F. Kennedy wanted to try to come to terms with the Soviet Union from now on with moderate policies (John F. Kennedy in)
One of the most important close calls was the Cuban Missile Crisis which occurred just 17 years after the bombing of Japan. It took place from October 16 to approximately October 28, 1962.