Disaster Averted Can anyone imagine waking up every morning for two weeks not knowing if the world you knew before it is still standing, or if thousands of lives have just banished with the click of a button somewhere in your nation? This was John F. Kennedy’s reality during the Cuban Missile Crisis. President Kennedy gave the speech Cuban Missile Crisis Address, from his office, to be televised and transmitted through radio by thousands of American citizens, Cuban people, and international leaders all over the globe. John F. Kennedy’s Cuban Missile Crisis address to the nation speech solidifies his legacy among the people of the United States of America because he is able to demonstrate his capacity to confront this issue, ease the American …show more content…
The Cuban Missile Address is delivered October 22nd, 1962 in the Presidential office through a major radio and television address (Podell, Anzovin, and States United 705). Historically, it is worth mentioning that United States had attempted to overthrow Fidel Castro, who was at the time Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba, in at least two occasions known as the Bay of Pigs Operation and Operation Mongoose, because of his communist regime and close relationship with the Soviet Union (Pious). Then, after the Bay of Pigs incident, Fidel Castro urged Nikita Khrushchev, the Secretary General of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, to send support and weapons to Cuba, because of the fear of another attack to his person/regime, Nikita did by sending missiles capable of carrying weapons of mass destruction, hence, this major crisis that lasted 14 days ending October 28, 1962 (Deinema and Leydesdorff). In addition, the target audience for this speech is the American people as President starts his speech with the phrase, “Good evening, my fellow citizens” (Kennedy); however, the secondary audience would be the Cuban people, whom he describes as captive people, the Soviet Union leaders, whom he directly addresses and even quotes, and Fidel Castro of course (Kennedy). As noted above, the cultural, socio-political context is important to understand the seriousness of this crisis and
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Sheldon M. Stern’s book The Week the World Stood Still gave eye opening information into the secrets of the Cuban Missile Crisis and the ‘inner sanctum of the Kennedy administration during the Cuban Missile Crisis, arguing convincingly that Kennedy acted with great caution during one of the great showdowns of the cold war.’ Sheldon strongly believed that JFK had made the correct decisions while he was in the risky situation including Cuba and their missiles. Writing the book was easy for Sheldon, as he was a historian at the John F. Kennedy library. He had access to the recordings that Kennedy had taken many years ago.
A large component of the Cold War was the Cuban Missile Crisis; this started when the U.S. attempted to assist the rebel Cubans to defeat the Cuban dictator, Fidel Castro. The United States failed during the Bay of Pigs invasion by not properly taking out the Cuban Navy and solider as planned. After the attack, Fidel Castro gave a speech stating “Everybody, men and women, young and old, we are all one in this moment of danger. ”(Document H). This attacked caused the people of Cuba to fear what would happen if the U.S.—an omnipotent country of the time—attacked Cuba again.
Kennedy’s decision to put the quarantine in place was sagacious and helped to bring peace to the world. Kennedy’s final and riskiest decision of the Cuban Missile crisis was responding only to the first letter. However, by doing this, he secured a great deal not only for America, but for Cuba, and Turkey as well. Since John F. Kennedy acted with decisiveness, cunning, and bravery, Cuba became an independent state, the American-Soviet relationship improved, and most importantly, the Cuban Missile Crisis did not escalate into a nuclear
Kennedy said that they could just blow up the missile bases in Cuba, but this, without a doubt, would start a destructive war which would affect not just the US and the Soviet Union, but the whole war. In a speech to the American people, John F. Kennedy said that Cuba had nuclear missiles provided by the USSR, but he already had a plan to make Cuba and the Soviets get rid of the nuclear missiles (2). Therefore, those missiles were putting in check the US because if Cuba ever decided to launch one of the missiles on the US this would cause massive destruction wherever they fall and will lead to the start of the first nuclear war, causing a lot of destruction and suffering around the world. In an entrevista from Dobrynin Cable to the Soviet Foreign Ministry, Robert Kennedy said that the military was demanding President John F. Kennedy responded to fire with fire and blew up the missile bases in Cuba, but he, R. Kennedy genuinely believed that this was a terrible idea because if this would ever occur the Soviets would undoubtedly do the same to the US, somewhere in Europe, starting a real war (4).
In January of 1959, Fidel Castro came to power. The United States’ attempted to overthrow Castro with the Bay of Pigs Invasion, a CIA operation to overthrow Fidel Castro by landing 1200 disgruntled Cuban exiles in the Bay of Pigs. The attempt fails miserably and is a huge embarrassment for Kennedy, who then vows to bring down Castro. After the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion, Castro looked to the Soviet Union for protection. According to document D in 1962 “The soviets began shipping 40,000 troops, 60 missiles and 158 nuclear warheads to communist Cuba.”
Compare how the speakers (JFK and Tim Collins) shape their language to create a sense of voice The inaugural speech, presented by John F. Kennedy, and the ‘Eve of battle’ speech, presented by Tim Collins, can both be analysed for the similarities and also differences, comparing how the speakers shape their language specifically to create a sense of voice. The instantly recognisable difference between the two texts is the genre. The speech by John F. Kennedy (JFK) is his inaugural address.
Kennedy’s Appeal to Steel Companies President John F. Kennedy, known for his persuasion and diligence, met for a news conference to speak against the rises in steel prices by 3.5 percent. President Kennedy used tactics such as diction, repetition, statistics and emotional appeals to persuade steel companies to lower their prices. The president begins his speech by setting a strict tone, "In this serious hour in our nation's history", to let steel companies know the hikes in steel prices has become a national problem, furthermore, Kennedy informs the steel companies that the prices affect everyone and in doing so, uses his first strategy, repetition. President Kennedy consistently uses words such as "we" or “us” to convey that even the president of the United States of America is affected by this outrage. Afterwards, President Kennedy also uses a cause and effect tactic and merging that tactic with a guilt ridden type of tonality in the third paragraph, "If this rise in
His diction is very inclusive; he commences his speech with several uses of the words ‘we’ and ‘our’, which makes way for inclusivity. JFK is blurring the distinction between citizen and superior governor by including the people in his proclamation. While describing the hardships and challenges that the country is facing, Kennedy mentions how imperative the occasion is on a global level; in the midst of the Cold War, he reminds his audience of the importance of uniting. Through the use of the lexical field of danger — words such as: ‘defiance’, ‘serious’, ‘risk’, and ‘sacrifice’ — he creates a feeling of tension and urgency, and engages his audience to the concern. To conclude his speech, the President mentions self-guilt on the part of the country on how they had not displayed the “sense of business responsibility” that they should have, a rhetorical strategy that approximates the audience to the government.
On April 10, 1962, steel companies raised the prices by 3.5 percent of their products. President John F. Kennedy had tried to maintain steel prices at a stable rate. President John F. Kennedy, known for his diligence and persuasion, held a news conference about the hikes in steel prices. President John F. Kennedy, in his speech, uses rhetorical strategies such as diction, emotional appeals, and a persuasive tone to convince Americans that steel companies are declining the standards to maintain stable prices. Kennedy states that the steel companies are a national problem due to the increase of steel prices.
Although Ronald Reagan’s speech about the Challenger explosion was given during a time of great sorrow, the speech was successful for being a way to unite the country as one to deal with the loss as a whole, and to bear the weight of such a horrific tragedy together. With the Challenger disaster being the first one of the space program to have deaths in flight, the United States was completely shocked by the misfortune of the shuttle. Ronald Reagan’s speech on the disaster was a way to have the nation not blame the space program for the deaths of the astronauts, but a way to have the nation face the disaster with strength and push through the event with more courage than before and to continue exploration into space. Ronald Reagan begins his speech by addressing the nation and stating how he is exempting the State of the Union
John F. Kennedy, a former president of the United States, delivered his “Cuban Missile Crisis” speech on October 22, 1962, to the United States citizens and captives in Cuba. Those people were terrified of a nuclear missile attack during the Cold War time period. Due to the primary use of logos in Kennedy’s “Cuban Missile Crisis” speech, he informs his audience about the type of missiles in Cuba and the steps to be taken to respond to the Soviet Union’s placement of missiles in Cuba. This would hopefully alleviate some of the fear of the citizens of the United States. He shows pathos by continuing to ease the citizens’ fear of a missile attack by showing compassion towards the people.
On April 4, 1968, Robert F. Kennedy was in Indianapolis for a campaign stop, when he received news that Martin Luther King was killed, causing Kennedy to write and deliver a speech regarding the assassination. This speech was succinct but not only was it about the assassination, it was also to tell the people there is still wisdom and hope in this time of turmoil. To reach this purpose, he first builds up his ethos, uses pathos to add mood and hope, and unifies the people. The combination of these elements makes it a very powerful and memorable speech. Robert F. Kennedy builds his credibility by relating his personal experience and knowledge of what the audience is feeling to the current events.
Late president Nikita Khrushchev (from USSR), agreed to assist Castro and took immediate action. He installed missiles in Cuba, which the US thought was a threat to the security of their nation. In summary, I think that this was a defensive move by the Cubans. I most definitely agree with
Validity: This film is valid as it is an accurate description of the chain of events and decisions made during the event of the Cuban missile crisis and provides an inside view of the hard challenges and decisions that Kennedy had to overcome without resulting in a nuclear war. Reliability: This film is reliable as the chronologically accurate and describes day to day the challenges that were faced. This is also reliable as it is not a knock off film with similar events to the Cuban missile crisis but is an accurate description of the events that took place in