Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a bad lung disease that makes it hard to breathe and it’s caused by damage to the lung. This disease is affecting a lot of people, Copd mostly comes from smoking over a time or breathing in smoke. Although exposure to air pollution in the home and workplace, genetic factors and respiratory infections also play a role in the disease. Copd consists of two types of disease which is emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
PULMONARY OEDEMA Introduction Pulmonary oedema is defined as the build-up of fluid in the lungs usually due to Left ventricular failure and also a result of non-cardiogenic complications (Deepak, 2010). In this essay the three main causes of oedema will be explained, the pathophysiology, the intensity factors and the management in a pre-hospital setting. Causes of Pulmonary Oedema The two main causes of oedema are cardiogenic and non-cardiogenic. Cardiogenic pulmonary oedema is defined as the build-up of fluid in the lungs usually due to Heart failure.
Mothers should choose to breastfeed their children because of the benefits for the infant. Breastfeeding helps in the infant’s growth and development as well as boosting the immune system. It is evident that breastfeeding is beneficial, both to the mother and child, however, some mothers just chose not to breastfeed their infants. According to Stuebe, formula fed infants face a higher risk of infectious morbidity, therefore, it is better for a mother to breastfeed her child in order to save him/her from infections (2009). Breastfeeding is a natural, economical, and mutually beneficial way of feeding an infant.
Whooping Cough known as pertussis. It is an infection in the respiratory system that’s caused by the bacterium Bordetella (Kids Health, 1995-2015). In 1906, Octave Gengou and Jules Bordet discovered the bacteria Bordetella pertussis, and found a vaccine to stop the disease before it actually occurred. The first outbreak took place in the 16th century. Before they were able to discover such vaccine to cure whooping cough, well over 250,000 cases of whooping cough per year in the U.S., with 9,000 reported deaths (Medicine Net, 1996-2015).
purpose clearly defined): the patient’s health status (diagnoses, medication regimen, and body systems performance); comprehension of healthcare principles (disease processes, medication purpose, and normal functions of the body system); and identification of goals for desirable outcomes. Findings Presented Unambiguously Although anecdotal information is occasionally helpful in evaluating the patient, it is the definitive information that guides the practitioner toward identification of the problem. Each diagnosis has unique (and common) characteristics. Pneumonia presents with labored respirations, fever, an elevated white blood count, and indications of fluid in pleural spaces on the chest x-ray.
Include information about the disease and its symptoms Pertussis, otherwise known as the whooping cough or the 100-day cough, is a highly contagious bacterial disease in which the patient suffers from severe coughing fits, after which a high pitched “whoop” sound or gasp may occur as a patient breathes. These coughing fits can become so extreme that they can cause the patient to vomit, break ribs, and experience extreme fatigue from the effort of coughing. People suffering from Pertussis may also lose weight and lose control of their bladder. Pertussis in babies under the age of one is extremely dangerous and can be deadly, the baby has little to no cough but instead will have apnea, in which the baby goes through periods of time where they
Strep throat is a bacterial infection that affects people of all ages which causes inflammation and pain in the throat. Strep throat is highly contagious and can easily be spread from one person to another through airborne droplets (coughing and sneezing), kissing with someone who’s infected and through shared food and drinks. This condition is caused by group A Streptococcus.
Nursing assistants need to know many things when taking care of someone with COPD. Nursing assistants legally need to know about advanced directives, and living wills. They need to know these things because COPD is chronic and the person under our care may die from the disease. Nursing assistants need to know what the persons wishes are if they do pass.
INFLUENZA INTERNET RESEARCH: What is the influenza virus? The influenza virus is the flu, and there are three different types of the virus. Type A and B are human influenza that cause the seasonal spread of the virus. It comes almost every winter and fall her in the United States.
Influenza A virus is one of the most life threatening viral infection that cause respiratory illness. This virus usually affecting the nose, throat, airways and lungs. It is so contagious that it is easily spread by having contact with the saliva through coughing and sneezing. Influenza A virus can cause mild to severe illness such as fever, headache, sore, sneezing and nausea which accompanied with loss appetite, decreased activity and food intake. Apart of that, this infection is able to cause bronchitis and pneumonia. It evolves rapidly due to high mutation rate and also may escape acquired immunity. Due to that, it can be so severe that it can result in death especially knowing that the virus itself can lead to severe pneumonia which often
A03 - Analysis of the availability of support, facilities for diagnosis and treatment in your locality, including factors that may affect availability and outcome of the treatments The term diagnosis can be defined as an illness being identified and treated. This means that the disease can be identified through signs and symptoms before carrying out any investigations to prove that the individual has a specific disease. Any individual can undertake the diagnostic tests, including, Doctors/GP 's, nurses, physiotherapists, parents, or themselves (Classroom Notes, 2014). The diagnostic tests that were undertaken in the case study of Influenza were a spirometry test to check the individuals breathing levels as they also have asthma and a temperature
At the onset, it is hard to presume that your child has whooping cough or pertussis. The indicators for it are very like a dry coughing combined with cold and runny nose. But usually in the second week of your youngster 's coughing and you see that she does so approximately 8 times in one breath, and she barely sleeps at night and whoops to take her breath; then you realize it is time to see a medical professional. This sort of coughing can last for weeks and can be contacted by a caregiver or a relative who 's physically close to the patient.
As a global public health recommendation, the World Health Organization recommends that infants should be exclusively breastfed for the first six months of life to achieve optimal growth, development and health. Most six-month-old infants are physiologically