I feel that this is important because this situation relates to the learning theory. The idea that juveniles commit crimes because they learn skills from other (p. 125). I feel a reason behind the boy’s actions may have been from watching his dad handle guns or because of the video games or television that is watched in the household. I would want also want other parents of children of the school to understand clearly how the situation was being handled. I can imagine that being a parent in this situation would be very scary no matter if the boy was joking or
Consequences Consequences of child abuse are grave. They bequeath after-effects on adolescence’s brain and constitution. Physical impacts are the most obvious and may include serious wounds or deaths by homicide or suicide. Then, children can be retarded in the future. Durrant JE (2005) suggests that children who have suffered corporal punishment tend to take part in aggressive behaviour such as hurting their families or friends in future.
Physical abuse is the most common type of abuse which is when the parent or guardian causes physical harm to the child such as burning, hitting, beating, breaking bones, etc. “Some examples are verbal abuse are belittling them and threatening physical or sexual act upon the child.” (Psychology Today 1) “Signs that a child who have been abuse may show injuries if it was physical abuse. Signs that can point to sexual abuse are fearful behavior (nightmares, depression, and abdominal pain. Signs that can point to a child who has experienced emotional abuse or neglect are sudden changes in a child’s self-confidence and the child experiencing failure to gain weight.” (Psychology Today
Differential Association is a theory developed by Edwin Sutherland which was created to explain reasons why people commit crimes. The theory claims that criminal behaviour is learned through process of communication with other persons. Reasons why they get involved in criminal activity. Emotional problems A study of a sample of 100 young people attending St. Vincent’s Trust found a complex picture of both emotional and family problems facing these young people. In their upbringing, they had experienced a variety of problems, for example; loss of a parent, child abuse, parental alcohol and drug misuse, drug abuse and frequent domestic violence.
This theory believes that crime rates are bound to the environment in which they are found. It looks at how social disorganization leads to the crime, committed by juveniles and how parents and families influence their children’s behavior. Delinquency areas have lower levels of social control over their youths. Children do not listen to their parents. The findings of the theory dictates that parents often encourage rather than discourage criminal behavior.
1993:123-138, 1995:145-148). To begin with, in childhood people create a fundamental criminal affinity that communicates itself as introverted behavior and carries on into adulthood as criminal behavior. Moment, childhood reserved behavior disturbs the arrangement of afterward social bonds (i.e., social choice). In any case, these social bonds are not decided completely by childhood characteristics, and they have interesting, causal impacts on grown-up wrongdoing autonomous of individuals’ preexisting characteristics (i.e., social causation). In other words, social bonds to school, work, and family in portion reflect preexisting criminal penchant and in portion cause wrongdoing.
8 Family background This factor also incites or encourages the juvenile to commit for crime in society. Sutherland said that the family background has greatest influence on the criminal behaviour of offender or Juvenile. The children are apt to take in criminal tendencies, if they find their parents or members of the family behaving in the similar manner. A child who is brought up in a broken family is likely to face an easy prey to criminality. The lack of parental control over children due to death, divorce, or desertion of parent or their ignorance or illness may furnish soothing ground for children to resort to criminal acts.
Explain the causes and consequences of child sexual abuse, drawing on psychological theory and evidence. A report by the World Health Organization (WHO) indicates that child sexual abuse is the involvement of a child partaking in a sexual act that they do not understand, and are not able to give consent to it. They are therefore being forced to do sex without their acceptance. Child sexual abuse is one of the social evils which are increasingly affecting the societies all over the world. As per the WHO statistics, the minor’s sexual abuses prevalence stands at 20% and 8% for females and males respectively.
Impact of sexual abuse on children David Finkelhor and Angela Browne came up with a model where they suggested a conceptualization of the impact of sexual abuse. They came up with a four trauma causing factors which included traumatic sexualization, betrayal, powerlessness and stigmatization. The dynamics altered children’s cognitive and emotional orientation to the world. The dynamic of stigmatization tend to distort children’s sense of self worth and value, powerlessness distorts a child’s ability to control their lives, thus these distortions may result in some of the behavioral problems commonly seen in victims of child sexual abuse. (Finkelhor & Browne, 1985) 2.4.1Traumatic sexualization This refers to the development in which a child’s
The teens opt for criminal behavior is another consequence of externalizing disorder, as well as antisocial behavior _ to others because of fear of being rejected, the search for attention and thinking problems. Children acquire high levels of hostility and aggression because of the anger they feel toward their parents, because of failing in their material needs care, but more importantly, the emotional need that every child deserves. These young victims of violence and abuse in childhood will repeat or reflect the behavior of their parents, because they think attitudes like abandon, forget, deny, etc. It is acceptable and is used to resolve conflicts or problems. Also it could happen at the stage of marriage, the person might discharge