Proctor knew that by confessing, it would only make the court look better but by not confessing, the court would hang him. Proctor begs to Judge Danforth, “How may I live without my name? I have given you my soul; leave me my name!”(132). Proctor knows that if he signs the confession, there will be a paper about it in the church door. Proctor values his life but, he does not want to be remembered as a liar who is willing to do whatever it takes for his own life.
He witnessed the corruption of the church and was strictly against it. Luther wrote the 95 theses, which criticized the church for raising money, especially since they take a vow of poverty. In the theses he referenced four sources from the bible that supported the concept that one does not need indulgences to be saved, but rather all they need is faith in Christ. This
In a poem known as the Essay on Man, it claims, “Know then thyself, presume not God to scan, The proper study of mankind is Man.” This means that man should not bother to know God, but to know himself. The reason given for this belief is that man cannot know God so it is not profitable to gain knowledge of Him. Catholics also believe that man cannot know God but they go on to say that God reveals himself to us so that we can learn about Him. According to the Catholic Church, “It pleased God, in his goodness and wisdom, to reveal himself and to make known the mystery of his will.” Catholics also believe that Man’s purpose is to know, love and serve God saying, “God, infinitely perfect and blessed in himself, in a plan of sheer goodness freely created man to make him share in his own blessed life. For this reason, at every time and in every place, God draws close to man.
He was unimpressed and outraged at the deceitful actions of the Church. His views were that "the Bible was explained by the New Testament epistles of Paul, with their emphasis on Christ as victor over death and the grave" (Marius 460). Luther strongly disapproved of the sale of indulgences, or absolution from punishments of sin. Indulgences were being sold so Pope Leo X could build the basilica of Saint Peter. In 1517, indulgence salesman Johan Tetzel came to a town near Wittenberg.
But while Dante Alighieri was wronged by the political hierarchy, it helped him develop a ranked system of his own-one based on flaws. His hierarchy in The Divine Comedy is loosely based on Christianity, passing judgement on those that have yet to die and those that already have. Inferno adds its own elements to a Christian hell, while neglecting some featured in the bible. While the book is interpretive, it lacks the direct accuracy necessary to make it an extension of Christianity. A questionable topic
However, even with his claims of holiness, he puts on the veil; this is ironic, because the veil symbolizes the opposite of holiness. Also, the Minister shows that he has very limited understanding of true Christianity (Freedman). It is ironic that Parson Hooper tears his face and makes such a big scene about the secret sin we are all hiding. Yes, this sin is bad, and no, we should not hide it. However, true Christianity comes with knowing that we are and never will be perfect, but that God is strong in our weaknesses.
They truly believed that if they sinned they would be looked at as if they were scum in the eyes of the church, and this was exactly how Dimmesdale saw himself. He felt so much hatred towards himself because the townspeople thought he was this great man and they praised him, while they were being deceived and lied to. His views of puritanism were almost like a pestilence that will never go away, and would always
His intense devotion to God in the Puritan society, along with his fear of being ostracized, makes him favor keeping his role of leadership in the church over his conscience, which tells him to own up to his sins. This is mentally very unhealthy for Dimmesdale, which leads to self-abuse from his guilty conscience. Dimmesdale uses a “bloody scourge” and fasted in order to “torture, but could not purify himself” (121). Not only did Dimmesdale whip himself, he almost killed himself through torture only in order to try and subdue the guilt that he could never get rid of. He even brands himself with the letter A, a mark of his sins that he is only willing to reveal to himself until the end of the novel.
This man was Atticus, an island in a sea of misrepresentation of religion. In To Kill A Mockingbird, haughtiness and division seem to dominate religion’s effects, but Atticus’ faith motivates his defense of Tom Robinson. Humans despise legalism.While first deceptively empowering, it soon proves petty and impossible. This haughty attitude eventually drives people away like the plague. Harper Lee analyzes the religious arrogance of the time powerfully through Miss Maudie’s story.
He does not listen to other people’s perspective and ridicules people who do not have the same opinion as he does. Hornbeck stands firm in his viewpoints throughout the entire play of Inherit the Wind. Hornbeck represents the motif of close-mindedness and Laurence and Lee use Hornbeck’s close-minded attitude to show the value of having multiple perspectives. Hornbeck quickly establishes his opinions in the beginning of the play. He does not like the people of the town and their one-dimensional belief towards religion.
That which is inhuman, cannot be divine!” (19). The “American religion” was used as “a thin vail to cover up crimes which would disgrace a nation of savages” (20) and their “prayers and hymns, your sermon and thanksgivings, with all your religious parade, and solemnity, are mere bombast, fraud, deception, impiety and hypocrisy” (20). Hence, Douglass purpose was not to primarily motive to can “American religion” a lie was to emphasize the “national inconsistencies” and bring up change. Douglass also uses the same method when stating that “it [the Constitution] will be found to contain principles and purposes, entirely hostile to the existence of slavery” (38). Indeed, not even their own constitution approved the idea of slavery.