Thousands were killed during the tragic war in which the Rwandan Genocide took place, yet not many people know about it, nor is it taught in our history classes. The Rwandan Genocide was a tragic war where many innocent people died. In examining the tragedy of the Rwandan Genocide, one must look at the background of the two tribes in conflict, also what the cause for the major conflict between the Tutsi and Hutu was in the first place, and finally, the war in itself. We may think that history doesn’t repeat itself but judging from the amount of Genocide’s that have happened in our time, it is clear that we have not learned from our mistakes. The Hutu, also known as the Bahutu, is one of the two tribes involved in the Rwandan Genocide. They …show more content…
They got along for only a short period of time. That was until the government began to discriminate the Hutu and Tutsi. A racial classification system was made to identify the Hutu and the Tutsi. The Germans and Belgians were very racists at the time. This made them think that the Tutsi were better than the Hutu because to them, the Tutsi seemed to look more white than the Hutu did. Both the Germans and Belgians thought that the Tutsi’s were naturally better leaders than the Hutu (Hymowitz, Parker). The Tutsi didn’t object to this statement. They instantly developed the attitude that they were better than the Hutu. From then on, the Tutsi enjoyed better education, job opportunities, and a better lifestyle (BBC, …show more content…
This is when the Rwandan president, Habyarimana, was killed after his plane was shot down. Hutu extremists were thought to be behind the attack. That same night, several groups of individuals were sent out to kill the Tutsi. The organized groups made their way through the towns and killed all the Tutsi and anyone involved with them. They were killed with whatever weapon the Hutu had in hand at the time or were blown up in churches where they had gone to hide. The organized groups of Hutu encouraged citizens to take part in the mass killing. At times, they would even make citizens kill the Tutsi that were their neighbors or any Tutsi that lived near them. To make them do this, the Hutu groups would bribe the citizens. They would offer them food, money, or shelter. They were also told that they could have the ground of the Tutsi that they had just killed (BBC,
C. Introduction The Rwandan genocide lasted three months and in those three months it is said that 1 million Tutsis were killed. The Holocaust lasted 4 years and 6 million Jews were killed. Bearing this in mind it would be expected that The Rwandan genocide should be extremely well known because of the loss of lives, impact and brutality of the event and the similarities it holds with The Holocaust. The fact is that the Rwandan Genocide is not very well known and is not thought to be in the same category as The Holocaust, where in fact it is.
Just like the Holocaust, each citizen in Rwanda had a card indicating what tribe they belonged to. The genocide ended 3 months later when the Rwanda Patriotic Front took control of the Kigali, Rwanda’s capital. The article examines how the country has changed so much since the genocide occurred. Jean-Claude starts to remember what life had
When Belgium colonized Rwanda in 1916 they split up the people into two classifications, the Hutu and the Tutsi. While there is little actual difference between them the Tutsi were believed to have a higher social status, better job and political voice. The Hutu was the lower class, labor, farming and low social standing. The Hutu eventually took over Rwanda by force in the early 1960s. “When the Belgians chased the Germans out of the territory in 1916 they discovered that two groups of people shared the land.
In class we learned that there were strained tensions between the Hutus and the Tutsis because of the unfair treatment that the Hutus suffered. The Tutsis were favored by the whites because of their physical similarities and were granted jobs, as well as a better quality of life. This led to an increase in Hutu nationalism against the Tutsis. I believe that the movie depicts this very well, especially with the RTLM radio. The radio directly influences the Hutus since the man on the radio brings up the suffering that they had endured and provides an easy solution to their problems.
(Government of Canada, 2014) The peacekeeping force helped with mine clearing, refugee settlement and delivering supplies. By april 1994, the Hutus went on a killing massacre against the Tutsi that resulted in over 500,000 deaths. ‘I know there is a God because in Rwanda I shook hands with the devil. I have seen him, I have smelled him and I have touched him.
Tutsi people regard the Hutus who have been released from the Gacaca Courts, despite carrying out the decided punishment, as being “killers”. Thus, from a justice point of view, the reconciliation efforts are unsuccessful. This feeling of betrayal by the justice system also fosters a sense of paranoia in the Tutsi community as they will not know if the Hutu community will strike again. This ultimately affects the peace and healing process in Rwanda as victims cannot forget the crimes committed against
These two horrific events were similar in that they both fit criteria for a genocide. The purpose and motivation for these acts of brutality, though very misled and immoral, was to eliminate a different ethnicity or race. In Rwanda, The two major ethnicities are the Hutus and the Tutsis (Giovanelli 15).Tutsi people tended to be taller, had paler skin, while also having more european facial features than that of Hutu people (White 42). The Tutsis were in political dominance until the assassination of Rwanda’s president, a Hutu, in 1994. The Hutu extremists along with the very upset government began a widespread killing of Tutsi citizens that lasted for about 100 days.
Rwanda genocide The Rwanda genocide was a mass execution of an estimated 500,000-1,000,000 Tutsi’s which was led by a Hutu-government. The true reasoning behind the opposing forces taking action against one another can’t be described but for quite some time their disagreements could have only led to one thing. Not too long before the Rwanda genocide occurred, the U.S had dealt with unfaithful missions in Somalia, which only brought havoc to our military forces. With what was supposed to be a highly disclosed mission turned out to falsely overlooked leading to the plan being a complete atrocity.
Abstract The Rwandan Genocide consisted of the slaughter of over eight hundred thousand African people from April of 1994 until June of the same year. Conflicts, primarily economic and cultural differences, between the Hutu and Tutsi peoples forced the country into genocide. An entire country was separated by ethnicity as neighbors, friends, and family turned against each other. After the capital of Kigali was captured, the government collapsed and the genocide finally came to an end.
To understand how the genocide happened in Rwanda, one first needs to understand that there is a history of violence in their country. Ethnic tension between the Hutus and the Tutsis in Rwanda is nothing new. There have always been disagreements between the majority Hutus and minority Tutsi but the fighting between them has increased a lot since the colonial periods. The two ethnic groups are actually very
Before the genocide of rwanda,the country was considered the tropical switzerland. Most of the Rwandan population belong to the Hutu ethnic group, they were traditionally crop-growers. For many centuries Rwanda attracted Tutsis, they were traditionally herdsmen from northern Africa. The Hutu and Tutsis also shared their language,culture, and nationality. There have been many intermarriages between the two.
The dehumanization stage of genocide is when the perpetrators of the genocide vilify the victims and dehumanize them (Stanton). The Hutu extremists vilify the Tutsi by blaming them for all of the pressures the country faced and blaming them for supporting the Rwandan Patriotic Front, a rebel group that was invading Rwanda. They dehumanized the Hutu by having a very popular Hutu radio station refer to the Tutsi as “subhuman,” “cockroaches,” and “vermin that needed to be eradicated.” Another way the Hutu extremist leaders painted the Tutsi as subhuman was by telling the Hutu citizens that “the Tutsis were planning a killing campaign against them (Donohue).” This was meant to plant the idea that the Tutsi were vicious and dangerous in the Hutu people, making them more inclined to believe that they needed to be eradicated.
A Hutu who acquired a large number of cattle could become a Tutsi and, a Tutsi who lost his cattle and resorted to cultivating for a living, would become a Hutu. The Tutsi dominated the political power. Rwanda was a Kingdom, with a hereditary system- meaning that only the sons of Kings (who were all Tutsi) could take power when their parents
The Rwandan Genocide first began in 1962, when both Rwanda and Burundi gained their independence. The clash between the Hutus and Tutsis grew more intense and became a series of killings between the two peoples. In Rwanda, the Hutus gained control under Hutu general, Habyarimana, who led Rwanda during a prosperous 15 years. According to Jarod Diamond, Habyarimana killed many Hutus and Tutsis all over Rwanda, in order to strengthen his reigns on Rwanda, after the attempted Tutsi invasion by Uganda in Rwanda. A peace agreement signed at Arusha in 1993 called for power-sharing and a multi-powered government; in that same year, Hutus fear was increased after extremist Tutsis killed Hutu president.
1). This believed it was supposed to be “enlighten” turned into conquerors in the scums of the Earth. Everything the Europeans put their hands on their lessons of hate was brought to the country. Hutus then begin to pick on the Tutsi nation by calling them “cockroaches.”