Scrooge's Transformation In Charles Dickens A Christmas Carol

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Dickens explores the theme of transformation in his novella- A Christmas Carol- by Scrooge’s attitude to the poor and how it converts over the course of his redemption. As a result of his divine intervention; he changes from a selfish and self-centred man consumed by greed to someone charitable and caring. The most notable difference in Scrooge is how he views those living in poverty and the struggles they face. In the opening Stave of the novella, Scrooge is clearly demonstrated as apathetic to those other than himself. He has no intentions to be philanthropic, not even during the festive period. When approached by the two ‘portly’ gentlemen looking to collect donations, he questions if there are still prisons and ‘Union workhouses’ still in operation. Scrooge …show more content…

This is demonstrated by his promise to Bob Cratchit that he is ‘about to raise (his) salary.’ Scrooge has come to understand his responsibility in society to help provide for the poor- the Cratchit Family. Scrooge has abandoned his miserly and greedy ways as his actively shares his wealth. This is also shown when he makes his generous donation to charity, adding that ‘A great many back payments are included in it.’ Scrooge’s donation shows a direct transformation from the beginning of the novella; when before he was dismissive. Through the use of his attitude to the poor and their suffering, we can see his redemption and transformation. He makes a conscious effort to change, as he declares that ‘The Spirits of All Three shall strive within (him).’ Scrooge has accepted his divine intervention and their messages- of being selfless and philanthropic- and is choosing to transform his life. Scrooge’s transformation is Dickens way to encourage the middle and upper-class to transform their attitudes and prejudices. He uses Scrooge as a microcosm; representing the elite as he demonstrates their ability to also

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