In the 19th Century, “Antebellum” era America, citizens were witnessing America go through a radical metamorphosis. The country had gone from an agricultural empire to an industrial beast, seemingly overnight. To compensate for these great changes and difficulties, many idealists forged plethoras of reformation movements. One of these being, the Second Great Awakening. Two of the issues the Second Great Awakening brought light upon were Temperance (alcoholism), and the ever capsulating issue of racism. For a short modicum of time, many Americans were very against the overconsumption of alcohol, and although racism is always an issue everywhere, many leaders of the Second Great Awakening were abolitionists in addition to being religious leaders. The Second Great Awakening was a literal reformation, it called upon Christians to change every wrongdoing they had in their lives. To become as pure and clean as a human could. The movement itself quite openly shamed alcoholism and abuse of substances. However, it never had the large the strike against it until Lyman Beecher, a clergyman and leader of the Second Great Awakening preached the six dangers of intemperance. Quickly, the movement that …show more content…
Which is why some in Southern states disagreed with the Great Awakenings principles of equal human rights. The “father” of the Second Great Awakening movement itself, Charles G. Finney was an abolitionist, and frequently denounced racism. In his evangelical practices, he denied slaveholders from having places in his sermons and church. He preached very often the principles of equal and just treatment among all peoples. The influence of his views upon the Second Great Awakening can be felt and seen, as in the beliefs of many followers, equal rights to women and people of color were bestowed more respect than they had been ever before in American
Slavery itself is the complete antithesis of any form of democratic ideals. The institution itself goes against everything that democracy pledges to include, such as equal rights and representation, hence why the Abolitionist Movement was one that fought to secure those ideals, and successfully so, with the ratification of the 13th Amendment. Although the United States had to fight a bloody Civil War to get there, the Abolitionist Movement brought about the end of slavery, a magnificent leap forward in democratic ideals. The second civil rights issue was that of women’s rights. The Suffrage Movement and the fight for gender equality took a head in the 1840s, with female activists from Elizabeth Cady Stanton to Sojourner Truth beginning to speak out against the civil disparities that existed between males and females.
The Second Great Awakening and the Transcendentalism is a book written by Barry Hankins in 2014. The main idea that the book reflects is that the Second Great Awakening and the Transcendentalism reinforced Americans beliefs in the individual’s importance and support even as it helped to bring a sense of community to a highly nomadic masses. The Second Great Awakening movement transformed the American religion and society in a number of ways. While there was a large growth of the deism in New England. Church’s revolutionary fervor tended to alienate it from its constituency.
For example, people’s salary was spent on alcohol, led to physical abuse, sickness, and the hatred effects of drinking on families. Alcohol consumption would hurt workers’ efficiency, which some employers believed would happen. There were this movement which advocated the moderation or elimination of alcohol that were emerging from concerns it was called, “The Temperance Movement.” This movement were mainly led by women where two groups were created one in the year 1874 while the other in the year 1893 there names were the Women’s Christian Temperance Union and the Anti-Saloon League. This movement was supposed to only work out to cut alcohol consumption, but was later pressed for prohibition laws banning the manufacture, sale, and consumption of alcohol.
Second Great Awakening: The Second Great Awakening was an Evangelical Protestant revivals that swept over America in the early 19th century. The movement began around 1790 and gained momentum by 1800 and after 1820 membership rose rapidly among the Baptist and Methodist congregation whose preacher led the movement Fugitive Slave Law 1850: The Fugitive Slave Law was passed in 1850. this federal law made it easier for slave owners to recapture runaway slaves; it also made it easier for kidnapper to take free blacks.
The Second Great Awakening was like the first, a religious renewal for protestant churches in the United States. The Second Great Awakening opened open doors for many reform movements. Two movements influenced by the Second Great Awakening the temperance and abolitionist movement. The temperance movement was a social movement that capitalized the personal moderation drinking of alcohol. The abolitionist was the abolishment of slaver.
During the 1800’s, American citizens started reform movements in an attempt to help make the country a better place. One of the most important movements was the temperance movement. The temperance movement was in between the years of 1830-1840 and focused on eliminating the use of alcoholic beverages. During this time, alcohol was causing more problems than any other behavior; like crime, disorder, and poverty. This resulted in many social changes, for example, the rise of industrial production and breakdown of apprentice system.
The second great awakening had a huge impact on the growing opposition to slavery in 1776 to 1852. The second great awakening was a religious revivalism that protected church morals and promoted abolition. During the second great awakening many white americans
In the wake of the second Great Awakening in the early 1800’s, societal morals regarding slavery, lack of rights for women, the prison system, education, and other institutions were questioned. Unitarianism stressed salvation through good works, and both religious converts and transcendentalists initiated social reform movements in an attempt to improve the moral state of America. Two of these movements that included perhaps the most controversy and struggle included abolitionism and women’s rights. Although both the abolitionist and women’s rights movements were able to eventually create lasting societal and political change, the fact that only a small portion of the population had any democratic rights showed the initial weaknesses of American democracy.
At the beginning of the nineteenth century, American society began to focus on the welfare of minority groups. Women’s suffrage and abolition were rooted as deeply as the history of America, but asylum and prison reform sprouted with the Second Great Awakening, a movement that occurred in the early 1800s. The Second Great Awakening was led by religious leaders who advocated for changes in American society through the unity of the American people (Doc. Due to the Second Great Awakening, reform movements were established between 1825 and 1850 in order to represent the changes the people sought for in the issues of slavery, suffrage, and asylum and prison reform. The social aspect of the abolition movement led to the visible democratic changes in society and politics.
A prominent social change that took place during the Antebellum Era was the growth of the abolitionist movement. The movement had existed prior to 1815, but its strength was renewed starting in the 1820s. The growth of the movement was primarily caused by the Second Great Awakening. Charles Grandison Finney, one of the most influential figures of the Second Great Awakening, spread a doctrine of Perfectionism, which caused a public motivation for reform in pursuit of the elimination of sin, abolition being a major point in the new definition of equality. These abolitionist ideals were spread across the country and gained influence through the newly formed "benevolent empire" created as a result of the Second Great Awakening.
The Second Great Awakening initiated necessary conversations about social inequalities and helped
As the roaring twenties reached their end the battle against alcohol in the United States is just arising to a turning point. With serious controversy over the Volstead Act the country was greatly divided. There was also the extreme rising occurrences of crime, the creation of gangs and a newly established, unorganized criminal justice system. Prohibition was a disaster across America and the more reforment from the government just made things worse.
After World War 1, the United States was able to move from war to peace in the 1920s . However, with this transition came racism, the red scare, end of progressivism and bumps within the economy. Domestic problems that the United States had to face was the predicament of African Americans, labor unions that had grown in size and influence , the way that living costs had risen, the Red Scare, etc. For instance, with the tansition from war to peace, the United States had to deal with racism. A type of racism was a hate group known as the KKK (Ku Klux Klan).
Moral improvement occurred when reformers wanted immigrants and poor city dwellers to uplift themselves by improving their moral behavior (Danzer 513). A women 's group from Cleveland, the Women 's Christian Temperance Union, believed that alcohol undermined morals and led to bad behavior (Fagnilli 29). They believed the way to complete the moral goal was to make the country a “dry” country. Another prohibitionist group was the Anti Saloon League. This group endorsed politicians who supported banning alcohol, and organized state reform to try to ban alcohol.