Name: Fernando Ulloa E-mail Address: firstname.lastname@example.org EDSP 501 Fall 2015 Final Exam Imbedded in IDEA and IDEIA are six major principles, three of which are FAPE, non-discriminatory assessment, and zero reject. Discuss the key points of each of these three principles, including an example of how schools must act to assure students are guaranteed each one. For each principle, discuss of at least one pivotal court case that contributed to its development. (That’s one for FAPE, one for non-discriminatory assessment and one for zero reject.) There are six major principles imbedded in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), three of which are Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE), non-discriminatory assessment, and zero
1st Amendment Wrangling There have been many supreme and district court cases that involve the first amendment. Your First Amendment rights are a heavily debated topic. Students, in particular, walk a very fine line regard to their free speech. Schools, students, and the federal government are still trying to figure out where they stand. Within this essay there are three main topics that I wish to cover; they are as follows Dress Code, Student Free Speech, and Internet Use.
The author explains that multiple means of data collection must be used to identify students. Additionally, assessments tools used by educators must be reliable and valid. Furthermore, educators need to frequently gather data on students who are considered at risk several times per year in the areas of reading and math. The author further explains that a team of educators should identify evidence-based instructional strategies the general education teacher should apply before making a special education referral for services. Finally, the author states that data should be collected to determine if the student is responding to
For example, parental accountability laws and case processing standards have become common (National Criminal Justice Association 1997; Butts and Sanborn 1999). Accountability laws make parents civilly or criminally liable for the behavior of their children. Case processing laws and standards place time limits on the amount of time the courts can allow for the adjudication and/or disposition of delinquency cases. Alongside of such changes are new federally sponsored efforts to promote a range of other policies, such as expanding the use of risk and needs assessment and restorative justice programs (Andrews and Marble 2003). Collectively, these and other emerging efforts aim to improve juvenile justice through a myriad of ways, some punitive, some rehabilitative, and some not neatly fitting one category or the other.
Children with special needs are referred to as exceptional children, in the United States education, care, and treatments are accomplished through interaction and collaboration between public health and education field. A well known exceptional person, Hellen Keller beat the odds and became an author and activist for people with disabilities. Summary In ‘Teaching Exceptional Children: Foundations and Best Practices in Inclusive Early Childhood Education Classrooms’, the author focuses on inclusion. The inclusion movement is apart of the social model of disability, which is the way society views and defines disability. The social model of disability, on the other hand, focuses on the environmental factors and the availability of support structures
Department of Education provides what is called an “Interim Guidance,” which addresses obligations of how all schools must implement the statute. The guidelines are not law, but aid institutions in understanding how the Department will enforce and review Title IX cases. According to the Interim Guidance, regardless if a student files a complaint of alleged sexual misconduct or not, it is the responsibility of the schools Title IX coordinator to respond appropriately to investigate and understand what occurred and then act accordingly. All federally funded schools are required by law to respond and mediate any possible hostile situations in educational environments. If a reported complaint is investigated and revealed that sexual harassment or violence has created a hostile setting, the institution must take immediate and effective steps to eliminate the conduct, prevent the recurrence, and appropriately remedy its effects.
This is a legal safeguard that protects the rights of students and their parents and is constitutionally guaranteed. According to the TUSD Governing Board, a student that violates this policy may be placed in an alternative school or expelled and not be readmitted. On the contrary, if the disciplinary action is against a student with any kind of disability or 504 PLAN, the student can get suspended up to ten cumulative days in a school year in accordance with TUSD District policies and state and federal special education laws. Parents also have the opportunity to present the student 's side of the story in a fair hearing. If parents are not satisfied with any school official 's decision they are entitled to request a review by the school official 's immediate supervisor.
As I am entering my new role as the ELA and ELL teacher in a middle school, I finding that these laws and new legislations are shedding some light on questions that I have felt left unanswered by many that I have spoken to about my new position. I now understand my purpose and feeling as though I am now becoming the advocate for students entering my school. I am appreciative to find that I can now offer services to these students who before were left to "sink or swim." As stated in the Supreme Court decision for the case Lau v. Nichols, "There is no equality of treatment merely by providing students with the same facilities, textbooks, teachers, and curriculum; for students who do not understand English are effectively foreclosed from any meaningful
Significance: New Jersey v. TLO loosened standards for what is considered “reasonable” in regards to school searches as well as demonstrated the flexible interpretation of the Fourth Amendment to provide for different circumstances and situations. This case has also been cited multiple times and used in a precedent for cases like Bethel School District v. Frasier. Finally, it established a standard evaluation for deciding whether specific school searches are
Efforts and opportunities to work in schools and organize to evolve: “Efforts are under way in a number of states and districts to enrich the reporting conventions of educational administrators and to encourage more in depth understanding of how schools function. These efforts embrace more comprehensive descriptions of the social and community contexts in which schools manage their affairs (Oakes 1989) and clearer definitions of the educational goals they are trying to achieve (Fetler 1986). While not explicitly informed by ethnographic work, some of these efforts reflect increasing attention to the cultural and social analysis of school activities”. Proposal of evolving ideas, adversities, and