The Civil War is characterized as the bloodiest war in American History. From 1861 to 1865, the North and South fought over several of disagreements and encounters. The Civil War caused hundreds and thousands of men to lose their life, about 620,000 soldiers had died. The Civil War was fought in Pennsylvania, Texas, New Mexico, and Florida. Civil War began because the North wanted to abolish slavery, the South seceded from the Union, and the North overpowered the South.
During the 1850s and 1860s in America, many new ideas arose from people in the North and the South on how the country should be. The North and South could not come to a consensus on political and economic issues. This sectionalism between the North and the South eventually caused the South to secede from the Union. One economic issue that the North and South could not agree on was slavery.
Between 1800 and 1860 two major things changed within the country. The cash crops changed from tobacco and rice to the new money maker cotton. Along with the crops changing the slave trade grew to replace the economic short fall in the Chesapeake area. These changed occurred due to the supply and demand of commonly bought goods. Another contributing factor for the crops changing was the invention of the cotton gin in 1793 and the use of cotton in textile facilities.
In this paper there has been a discussion of the legislation and the tensions preceding the southern Secession. Based on this discussing it can be concluded that the tensions, which culminated with the Civil War, were present many decades before the secession itself. Even threats of Civil war and secession were present much prior to this particular conflict. This paper has also concluded that the threat of Lincoln was real to the South, because of the Republican party’s very distinct foundation as an anti-slavery party. Slavery was a soft spot in the South because of the substantial value slaves had. Slaves’ value was both as labour force in the profitable cotton industry but also as tradable property and the loss of slavery would mean a massive
The North had a significantly larger population, caused by both the surge in immigrants at the time, as well as the success of business and factories there, creating more jobs. This difference in population meant that the North did not need slavery, and that it supported government ideas that helped business. According to the Congressional Record, in New England and the Middle States, the majority of House votes were cast for the Tariff of 1816, while the majority of the South’s House votes were cast against the tariff (Document 7). These states were clearly in favor of business, while the South who relies on imports and exports, was wholly against it. Because factory jobs were in the North, railroads and steamboats were in vastly more demand in the North than they were in the South, increasing the speed at which a business could move its product, an essential for
Notably, economic causes were major predicaments during the American civil war. These were the grounds of the civil war that affected the two regions in many ways. Within time, economic variations developed vastly between the two parts of the two regions. The Southern states depended much on farming than in industrialization. After the invention of the Cotton Gin, there as a greater necessity for persons and property, thus this made cotton the chief year’s produce of the South.
Journal Entry Two 1. While it clear that the debate of slavery was the major cause to the American Civil War, there are number of pressing secondary causes that helped to accelerate the process of division within the country. Primary to these secondary causes is the effect of territorial expansion and the tension it brought between the North and South. The vast economic differences between the North and South provided a perfect scenario for political and social conflict in the new territories. As the Western territory of the Americas continued to be explored, political debate was sparked over the spread of slavery into these newly created states.
Sereen Qader Professor Tiffany Smith US History 1301 19 April 2017 Chapter 14 – A War for Union and Emancipation The separation of the states in the South was a response to president Abraham Lincolns election, since he was against slavery, and this was a threat to the South because they were very dependent on the industry of slaves and cotton. The separation in the South led to the development of the new government or authority known as, the Confederate States of America and was ran by Senator Jefferson Davis. The main goal for the Confederate States of America was to protect slavery and prevent the status of slaves ever becoming equal to them or superior. President Lincoln’s purpose was to prevent
For many years prior to the Civil War, the north was forced to delay and/or compromise several of its national economic policy, due to southern opposition and the strong positions the southern states held in the Senate. Soon as the southern states left, the Congress began to put in play their delayed agendas. President
Eli Whitney's invention of the cotton gin resulted in cotton becoming America's leading crop. Within 60 years America's production of cotton quadrupled making cotton the primary export in the United States. The growth of the cotton production due to the invention of the cotton gin resulted in the need for more textile mills in the Northern United States.
While the South was a labor-intensive, labor-repressive undiversified agricultural economy. Moreover, the contrasting economic systems of the antebellum North and South helped to generate the conflicting proslavery and antislavery ideologies that eventually led to the war. Therefore, Northern victory was a triumph for the northern economic system and the social moral and values that it had generated. The war basically destroyed the national political power of the planter class. As a result, the war created a massive shift toward national domination by the northern model of competitive democratic free-labor capitalism.
The period of time from April 1861 to May 1865-also known as the American Civil War- marked a defining moment in the history of the United States. Several reasons can be taken into consideration to deduce not only why the Union won the war, but also to see why the South was unsuccessful. Norman A Graebner in his essay, “Northern Diplomacy and European Neutrality” and David M. Potter in “Jefferson Davis and the Political Factors in Confederate Defeat”, both discuss the factors that led to the North’s success in the Civil War. Though the South played a significant part in the agricultural business, leadership under Jefferson Davis destroyed this importance, and the North won the War because of the encouragement towards European Neutrality resulting
Thought The Unites States was a unified nation, there was a clear, visible contrast between its two parts. The development and foundation of the economy in the South and North were much different. The farming of cotton and other crops like tobacco was the bedrock of the southern economy. New inventions like the cotton engine developed by Eli Whitney helped the economy strengthened and contributed to its growth. The cotton gin made “Cotton King” ,which was the most valuable produce of the South.
When the Natives were killed from diseases, the decrease of the population decreased labor work and made it hard for the Europeans to produce enough products to satisfy their needs. They thought the best solution to this problem was to have other people-indentured slaves- do the work, and surely, they did. Millions of Africans were forcefully migrating to America and slavery rapidly expanded, especially in the south. In fact, it became a way of life, and slaves were working day and night producing and growing crops for the southerners to profit from, such as the production of cotton. The cotton industry skyrocketed, and the southerners relied on the slaves to produce cotton and other product to keep their businesses running.