The 1800s was a trying time for our developing union; from the war on slavery to the birth of the Underground Railroad, it was a period of growth. In addition, several states were admitted to the union- California, Maine, and Missouri to name a few. With all this growth will inevitably come struggles; sectionalism to be exact. Sectionalism occurs when a group/region is so focused on their own agenda, they neglect national issues in the process. Southerners were so fixed on maintaining slavery, while Northerners fought so harshly to abolish it. Focused on the war on slavery, the two sides failed to realize larger issues in the Union such as the women’s suffrage movement and education reform. Events such as the passage of the Fugitive Slave …show more content…
These laws put freedmen in compromising situations; the law obligated Northerners to aid in the capture of all slaves, even freedmen. If any Northerner harbored a Negro or assisted them in their escape, they would be fully prosecuted. With Negroes denied a fair trial, they’re capture and sale was imminent. In order to cut down on this, the Underground Railroad; a secret channel leading slaves to freedom, were forced to stay on top of their game. Now more than ever, white Northerners joined the fight against slavery, angering the South. White support in the North caused further tension, contributing to sectionalism. Although whites were offered rewards ranging from $5-$10, it didn’t sway their opinions about the law. Wisconsin and Vermont passed laws designed to evade the Fugitive Slave Law. Whites harbored slaves and helped them flee to Canada. The Fugitive Slave Laws contributed to sectionalism and in addition, inspired authors to document slave …show more content…
Translated into countless languages, Uncle Tom’s Cabin flew off shelves and became a worldwide read. After the passing of the Fugitive Slave Law, an outraged Stowe set out to share the tales in hopes of alerting the North. Uncle Tom’s Cabin highlighted the cruel treatment of slaves; ranging from beatings to children being snatched from their mother’s arms. The publication of Uncle Tom’s Cabin fanned the flames of the North- South conflict, contributing to sectionalism. As a result, the amount of Northern abolitionists multiplied. Northerners refused to abide by the Fugitive Slave Laws, fighting harder for Negroes. This attitude rubbed off on the youth; pushing them to fight in the Civil War. On the other hand, Southerners were livid. According to Southerners, the events of Uncle Tom’s Cabin were fabricated. Several Southerners wrote responses to the novel, arguing Stowe never visited the south so her information is false. In addition, the British refused to join the South in the war due to the publication of the book. Uncle Tom’s Cabin greatly influenced sectionalism, it created Northern abolitionists and further angered the south. The Missouri Compromise yielded the same
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One key issue between the two parts of the country was whether or not slavery would expand westward to any newly acquired territories. This had been an issue for a long time and ultimately after failing to reach a compromise the country fell back on popular sovereignty or letting people in the new territories decide whether or not they wanted slaver. This however provided no solution as can be seen in the incident “Bleeding Kansas”. This was a series of violent acts in Kansas between those who were for and against slaver.
Civil War and Sectionalism The Civil War united the nation and made some drastic changes but did not reduce sectional antagonism. By the end of the war, the United States was a stronger union. Some changes were made because of the war but sectional antagonism was not one of those changes made.
Uncle Tom’s Cabin “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” is a novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe. The book is about a man named Tom who works for plantation owner. His plantation owner orders him to whip a slave named Lucy but he refuses and gets punished. This novel deeply affected the feelings of the north and it greatly changed peoples views of slavery. Her book angered southern plantation owners who own slaves.
The issues involving Texas territory, the District of Columbia, and runaway slaves which brought resentment between southerners and abolitionists were the loss of slaves at the Underground Railroad,
Created in order to illustrate the cruelty of slavery, her novel was published and became one of the most successful novels of the 19th century. This popularity caused the book to become an important factor in causing the Civil War. After hearing about Beecher’s claims of southerner cruelty towards their slaves, the south labeled the north as liars and became less focused on working with northern politicians to reach compromises in the House and Senate. Harriet's novel also shocked the north, leaving an impression of the horrors of slavery, many northern citizens refused to support the fugitive slave act after reading, causing a political divide between the north and the south. With the south's stigma against the north and the north's refusal to support a federal law, tensions arose between the
Sectionalism The definition of the word sectionalism is the restriction of interest to a narrow sphere. There were 3 main sections that practiced sectionalism in the 1800s. These sections were the North, the South, and the West. A few events that created sectional conflict were tariffs, slavery, representation, and states rights.
Sectionalism Before the 19th century, Americans stuck to their traditional roots and felt no need to try new things or implement new technologies, but that soon changed. In the South, the demand for cotton was at an all time high, but it was a long and difficult process as slaves had to separate the seed and cotton by hand. A man named Eli Whitney saw an opportunity to fix this issue and created the infamous Cotton Gin. The machine worked by inputting the cotton on one side and cranking it as it separates the seeds and cotton with the hassle as the output results in cotton.
As the foundations of a successful government system, political parties help keep balance of power and uphold the Democratic ideals of the United States. These parties have origins that can trace back to the early sectional tensions in America. These sectional tensions were the primary reasons for the development and progression of political parties in the United States. As early as 1800, signs of deviation would appear.
Sectionalism was a leading contributor to America’s inability to reach compromise. The North and South possessed passionate political views that differed immensely. Both the Northern and Southern states felt unheard and unconsidered. The reannexation of Texas proved to be pivotal in how close America came to going to fill out war then. Northerners were willing to take Texas as she was, sought not to change the character of her institutions and realized that slavery existed in Texas.
To begin with, the date of the Caning of Sumner occurred on May 22, 1856 This event occurred in thein the Senate Chambers Senator. What happened was that Charles Sumner of Massachusetts criticized pro-slavery people in Kansas and personally insulted pro-slavery senator from South Carolina, Andrew Pickens Butler. Representative Preston Brooks relative of Butler, had a responded strongly to his remarks about Butler. On May 22 of 1856, Brooks used a walking cane to beat up Sumner unconscious in the Senate chambers. The north’s reaction towards the Caning of Sumner was that they were outraged and called the attacker “Bully Brooks”.
The Constitution of the United States was formed in order to unify the separate states into one country, under one government. It established the government, laws and proclaimed the rights of United States citizens. Under the Constitution slavery was neither legal nor illegal, creating problems eventually leading to the dissolution of the Union. This oversight in the Constitution led to increased tension between the North, who called for an end to slavery, and the South were the institution was deeply rooted. The rapid expansion of the United States during the 1850’s through 1860’s revitalized the slavery debate, and called for decision on whether slavery would continue and spread, or be outlawed.
The cause of most political dispute around 1820-1860 was mostly about slavery. There has been division between the North and the South, though compromise had usually sufficed in calming the controversy. However, nearing 1860, political compromise appeared useless. Comprises simply postponed addressing the issue, and led to even greater issues,compromise wasn’t working politically, socially,and economically for the nation.
Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln was probably best known for being the president of the Civil War but Lincoln played another big role as he also helped fuel the Civil War. He helped get this war started by speeking against slavery. Lincoln said slavery shouldn’t be abolished but excluded the territories. Because of what lincoln said this put southerners in a state of fear because if he were to win his election and slavery would be excluded from the territories that would mean that no new slave states could be added thus getting rid of slavery as a whole.
The only way that Americans sought peace and equality throughout the country was through Civil War. Slavery was the most considerable issue when dealing with the disputes of the 1800s. The majority of the South wanted to secede for one reason being Abraham Lincoln thought of as an abolitionist who wants to benefit the North. States threatened to secede from the county because of an unbalance between free and slave states. The majority of people in the South believed that slavery
The Nation grew increasingly divided through the mid-1800’s over the issue of slavery, to the extent that it bled into other issues, primarily as a tensioned pretense to admis-sion of new states to the Union. Presidents prior to Polk either passively or actively re-sisted the annexation of new territories or promoting statehood, recognizing the issue of slavery and probable effects of spreading or denying slavery. The North’s ideological opposition to slavery was equally as legitimate as the South’s reasoning, but with slave labor accounting for up to 50 percent of the population in the South, there was also ac-ceptance on economical basis. Vast new lands became American territory throughout this period, while other disputed lands had boundaries