Introduction The following study will examine whether there is sexual objectification of women in international marketing communications. The author will focus on several academic papers related to the sexual objectification of women in advertising including: ‘The Sexual Objectification of Women in Advertising: A Contemporary Cultural Perspective’. ‘The Effect of Thin Ideal Media Images on Women’s Self-Objectification, Mood, and Body Image’. ‘Women as Sex Objects and Victims in Print Advertisements’. An Alternative View. A scrutinisation of the documentary ‘Killing Us Softly 4’ by Jean Kilbourne will be made. A critical evaluation/conclusion will also be produced. According to Heldman (2012), sexual objectification can be defined as “the …show more content…
It is at the discretion of advertisers to undertake more moral responsibility in relation to the portrayal of females in advertisements. Consumers are often unable to view the product or service being advertised as the focal point centres around a semi naked female protagonist. It has been proven that sexual advertising grab’s consumer attention and marketers will push the boundaries to sell a brand. The investigation discovered that young, educated women accept the objectification of women, where previously this demographic was the most critical of such practices. Objectifying women has become socially acceptable and most consumers will not find these adverts surprising, alarming or dangerous (Zimmerman and Dahlberg …show more content…
Serious implications of the thin ideal are widespread in Western women, who are constantly bombarded by such images. The task of paying attention to oneself’s body image causes other cognitive and behavioural functions to suffer. It has been considered that extended exposure to such advertising can lead to women living vicariously through the models and actresses displayed in magazines and on television. The study proves that media pressure has inundated much of the young female population who will stop at nothing to achieve the perceived ‘perfect’ body image (Harper and Tiggemann
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Nowadays, not only in the advertisement industry, but everything has sexy appealing and everywhere. For example, on television, the internet, magazines and poster. In the article, “ master of Desire: The Culture of American Advertising” Jack Solomon agreed, “ Sex never fails as attention-getter, and in a particularly competitive, and expensive era for American marketing, advertisers like to bet on sure thing” (172). The aspect of advertising can be anything and there are no limits.
Annotated Bibliography Introduction: Examine different kinds of advertisements and the problem at hand with how they perpetuate stereotypes, such as; gender, race, and religion. Thesis: The problem in society today is in the industry of social media. In efforts to attract the eye of the general population, advertising companies create billboards, commercials, flyers and other ads with stereotypes that are accepted in today’s society. Because of the nations’ cultural expectation for all different types of people, advertisement businesses follow and portray exactly what and how each specific gender, race, or religion should be.
Kilbourne argues how sex in advertising, subconsciously promotes violence against women. With ads about alcohol, skimpy clothing, and even one about an elevator, Kilbourne reveals that these kinds of ads can signify violence, when paid enough attention to. These ads play on the media so often nowadays, that society is numb to them and no longer pays close attention to what the ads are implying. Not only does sex in advertising objectify women, but when a man is objectified, the woman is blamed for not so being innocent, which is what Kilbourne argues as further poor treatment towards women. Sex in advertising seems to allow dominant and forceful men to get away with violating the passive and playful women because the women are teasing.
From an early age, we are exposed to the western culture of the “thin-ideal” and that looks matter (Shapiro 9). Images on modern television spend countless hours telling us to lose weight, be thin and beautiful. Often, television portrays the thin women as successful and powerful whereas the overweight characters are portrayed as “lazy” and the one with no friends (“The Media”). Furthermore, most images we see on the media are heavily edited and airbrushed
These advertisements lower women’s status as the women portrayed in the photographs set merely unattainable standards that only assist in women’s inferiority. Advertisers should not seek to make women feel bad about their appearance as everyone comes in all different shapes and sizes and not all perfect thin and tall models. Women having a negative self-image of themselves is an ongoing issue, because the media unfavorably portrays them as they do not meet their standard of what the ideal body type of a woman should look like. Solving this issue would incredibly increase women’s confidence in themselves and their bodies, diminish eating disorders, and shrink the dieting industry that so drastically affects the health of
In a woman’s case, being objectified promotes violence, harassment, and lack of control that is often reflected in relationships. When depicting another as a sex object, how can a relationship have value or exist at all when men
In his article, “Men’s Men and Women’s Women,” Steve Craig describes how sellers differentiate and analyze sex by trying to use the buyers’ fantasies to match the expectations of ones’ age and sex which allows them to use their marketing funds more efficiently. According to Craig, we are living in a patriarchal society, where the man are the ones placing these advisements in society and creating trends. His analysis of four distinctive television advertisements is going to still try to largely uphold a patriarchal social structure. Although, on the surface these advisements may appear to be empowering both genders, it is still copying culture’s ideology of gender. Craig contends that advisements portray men in a masculinist perspective by
One aspect of an author’s argument is their ethical character. This is important in assessing how credible and fair the author is being when considering their subject. [Transition] Jean Kilbourne has spent most of her professional life studying and analyzing women in advertisements. She has produced the award winning documentaries Killing Us Softly: Advertising’s Image of Women (1979) and Slim Hopes, serves on the Massachusetts Governor’s Commission on Sexual and Domestic Abuse, and is a senior scholar at the Wellesley Centers for Women at Wellesley College (420). Kilbourne appears to be qualified to speak on the matters of women and advertising and a reader can trust that she has done the necessary research to have an informed opinion them.
This form of objectification is often used as a means to appeal to men's sexual desires in order to promote and attract consumers, because marketers still latch onto the old “sex sells”, or so it would seem (Rowland, 2016). Music videos, magazines, fashion commercials, are all channels through which women are exploited and put out to be headless objects isolated for their bodies solely for sexual pleasure and viewing purposes. Rowland explains that although this charade may allure and trap most men, this is not the case for women. Emma Rooney cites in The Effects of Sexual Objectification on Women's Mental Health, “the sexual objectification of women is a driving and perpetuating component of gender oppression, systemic sexism, sexual harassment, and violence against women”. Jessica Vanlenti writes in ‘Worldwide sexism…Women’, that researchers from The University of Missouri-Kanas and Georgia State found these forms of objectification to be linked to women’s psychological distress, and are leading causes of suicide among young adolescent women.
“Advertising contributes to people’s attitudes about gender, sex, and violence,” states Jean Kilbourne in her article, Two Ways a Woman Can Get Hurt With advertising agencies standing by the notion that “Sex Sells” it isn’t uncommon to find sex tied into a number of advertisements seen everywhere on a daily basis. “Sex in advertising is pornographic because it dehumanizes and objectifies people, especially women …” (Kilbourne, 271). The objectification of women in our society is more prevalent than many would like to believe. Women being portrayed as passive, easy, innocent, needy, submissive and dependent beings create an understanding that women are less human than men.
The objectification of women contains the act of ignoring the personal and intellectual capacities and potentialities of a female; and reducing a women’s value/worth or role in society to that of an instrument for the sexual pleasure that she can produce in minds of another. The representation of women using sexualized images that have increased significantly in the amount and also the severity of the images that’s been used explicitly throughout the 20th century. Advertisement generally represent women as sexual objects, subordinated to men, and even as objects of sexual violence, and such advertisements contribute to discrimination against women in the workplace, and normalize attitudes which results in sexual harassment and even violence
In today’s modern culture, almost all forms of popular media play a significant role in bombarding young people, particularly young females, with what happens to be society’s idea of the “ideal body”. This ideal is displayed all throughout different media platforms such as magazine adds, television and social media – the idea of feminine beauty being strictly a flawless thin model. The images the media displays send a distinct message that in order to be beautiful you must look a certain way. This ideal creates and puts pressure on the young female population viewing these images to attempt and be obsessed with obtaining this “ideal body”. In the process of doing so this unrealistic image causes body dissatisfaction, lack of self-confidence
Yet, in the realm of advertisement, there seems to be a fundamental difference in the way men and women are portrayed. The women are portrayed as a sexual object, fragile, and exotic whereas men are portrayed as dominant, powerful, physique, tough, independent, and aggressive. The advertisement today 's plays very important to influence the customer decision, and through various research evidence that gender, sexuality, and advertising are
This research paper presents a content analysis on the portrayal of women in advertisements. This paper is written to better understand the stereotypes of women in advertising. The paper will also include the harsh realities female receivers have to face due to the portrayal of unrealistically thin and technologically perfected super models. Many women are portrayed as sexual objects and are constantly being degraded. Few examples of using sex appeal will also be discussed in this paper.
Generally, towards the print ads, copywriters unhesitatingly used nudity pictures to draw attention from specific advertisements to their sponsoring products. Yet, despite its presence in advertisements, sexuality in advertising can cause negative consumer perception, decrease brand recall and prevent women from buying a product. However, they are lucky because all of these effects will be prevented as supported by the scholars which is state that sexual appeal in advertising are attention grabbing, likeable, arousing, effect inducing, memorable and somewhat more apt to increase interest in the topic advertised in comparison to non-sexual appeal ( Severn et al., 1990 ). This research aims to primarily understand the sexual appeal in fashion advertisements is by further conducting a critical analysis of its effectiveness. Finally, provide literature overview regarding the effectiveness of sex appeal in fashion advertisements in female magazine, the effects of sex appeal in advertisements on consumer buying’s decision and consumers perception of the sexual appeal in fashion advertisements in female