The Boston Massacre was an event which occurred on the fifth of March, Seventeen -
Seventy. Prior to the shooting the British government imposed on the colonies a heavy series of taxes, such as the Stamp Act. Where, “the stamps required to conduct business legally are locked away, and officials debate whether ports and courts should close or remain open.
Colonists groan under the burden of the Stamp Act's restrictions and the fear of disobeying it.”1The goal of these taxes was to pay off the Crown’s war debts, though resistance emerged from merchants and the wealthy gentry. To enforce the taxes the British sent the military, the presence of soldiers heightened tensions in the colonies. This culminated in the night of the
Boston Massacre, …show more content…
“John Adams, Robert Auchmuty Jr., and Josiah Quincy Jr. are retained to defend Preston and his men,” 2 in a trial where they were found guilty. The events of the riot where utilized as a justification for the colonists to launch the War for Independence.
The first perspective that was generated regarding the events of the Boston Massacre was that the British soldiers purposely attacked the colonists. With the oppression of the colonists being part of a concerted effort by the British to receive taxes. “The military forces were to be largely increased so as to completely overawe and subjugate the people, particularly in and around Boston.” 3 First hand sources believe given that Boston as a prominent shipping hub and
4. Fredric Kidder & John Adams, History of the Boston Massacre, March 5, 1770 Consisting of the Narrative of the Town, the Trial of the Soldiers and a Historical Introduction, Containing
Unpublished Documents of John Adams, and Explanatory Notes. (Albany, N.Y: Joel Munsell,
1870), 8 5. Peter Messer, “A scene of Villainy acted by a dirty Banditti, as must astonish the Public”: …show more content…
Due to the impartial view of the British and the desire of the colonists to remove the British the massacre was the perfect event to propagandize, resulting in war and restoration of power with the upper class.
The issue of perspective as it pertains to the Boston Massacre is the key point to consider how an individual should view it. The name of the event even gives it an inflated nature calling it a “massacre” when only five people died. While the soldiers were declared guilty, consideration must be given to the fact that they were tried in Boston. With the recency of
events and publication of the soldiers’ names it is reasonable to believe that an impartial jury could not have been composed. While a valiant effort was taken by Adams to defend the soldiers they were in a losing battle against an angry populace. It is reasonable to assume that the merchants and gentry who had lost control of their wealth through taxation were eager to have the British removed and their sovereignty restored. All those factors considered the story more likely than not was utilized to justify going to
Little did the colonists know the bitter depiction of the 1770s “Bloody Massacre” blinded them from the truth. On the evening of March 5, 1770,
Colonist Perspective On the evening of March 5, 1770, five innocent civilians were brutally murdered in the streets of Boston at the hands of corrupt British Red Coats. Our brothers and sisters, we peacefully protesting the corrupt, British imposed taxation without our representation. Among those whose lives were taken was Crispus Attucks, a former Black slave. The brutality expressed by the British is foreshadowing for more restrictions and intervention to come. The only way we can defeat British corruption is by coming together as one under this pertinent cause.
During the later half of the eighteenth century, tensions increased between the British and their American colonists. In the years following the Seven Years War, actions done by the British government, such as increased taxes and limitations on expansion and settlement of British territory, angered the British citizens of the American Colonies and resulted in violent protests and resistance to British rule. These scuffles and disputes between colonists and soldiers snowballed into the Boston Massacre of March 5, 1770. During the confrontation, over 200 Bostonian rioters violently assaulted nine British soldiers defending a position, who then fired unordered shots into the crowd, killing five and injuring six. After the massacre, these soldiers stood trial for the killing of citizens and received little to no punishment.
Defending the Unpopular: John Adams and the Boston Massacre Trial The 1760s brought plenty of political tension between Britain and its colonies. Britain, suffering financially, had enforced tax acts onto the colonies to “repay them” for defending them in the Seven Years' War. The colonists, however, did not take this lightly, arguing that Britain had no right to tax them without representation in their government. On March 5, 1770, a fight broke out between Boston colonists and a squad from the 29th regiment when the crowd taunted and threw objects.
The Boston Massacre The Boston Massacre was a riot a deadly riot that occurred on March 5, 1770, on King Street in Boston. It was between The Colonists and some British soldiers. The Colonists were to blame for The Boston Massacre because they abused and confused British Soldiers. The Colonists were to blame for the Boston Massacre because they abused the soldiers. They abused the soldiers by throwing snowballs, and clubs at them.
The Boston Massacre was a street fight that occurred on March 5, 1770, between a “patriot”. They were throwing sticks, snowballs, and trash at a group of British troops. The loyalists got very annoyed with the patriots so they shot into the mob killing five. The riot began when around 50 colonists attacked a British sentinel. A British officer called in for additional troops
What we know today as the Boston massacre was when the men of the British army fired their weapons at civilians that were on a riot. Many were killed in the firings, and this is all because of taxes by the government. They were known for their saying no taxation without representation, this blew up after British taxed their people after the French-Indian war, they were taxed for paper, tea, chocolate, just about anything. In the war there was a
The soldiers were in the wrong for firing upon citizens and killing a few innocent bystanders, but the citizens were in the wrong for causing a riot and attacking the soldiers with sticks, stones, and snowballs. Eric Hinderaker puts it this way, “the shootings triggered a war of words in which truth was the first casualty” (Smith). The reason the Boston Massacre was labeled a massacre is because the first publications of newspaper labeled the altercation a massacre and blaming the British. Samual Adams and Paul Revere used these publications to put a negative shadow on the Coy 3 British and make it look like the British planned the attack. After the dust settled, they
This eventually would lead into the Crispus Attack. Many are starting to call this tragedy the Boston Massacre. In the previous events the British was taxing the mess out of the colonist. Everything that the colonist bought, the British would tax. Some of the taxed items were on sugar, stamps, and even tea.
Before the beginning of the war of independence, the tension between the colonist and england were increased because of the massacre of Boston that was an event in Massachusetts, where colonist and england break their relationship through the manipulation of propaganda or “spin”. Soldiers from england were standing in front of a government building, when the bostonians attack because they were thinking that the soldiers was there because they want to charge more taxes as a result soldiers react to them, and 5 bostonians end up dead. And that was called the massacre of boston, that was a big deal because of the propaganda and the spin that was given to the people did not tell the true of the event, the people imagine all the event by Paul Revere's
he boston massacre was a large turning point in history for the American revolution, and sparked the beginning of the revolution. The boston massacre began on the evening of March 5th 1770, when a group of colonists gathered by a lone british soldier outside the Boston custom house located, on Kings street in Boston, and began a small street brawl. This small fight quickly escalated into something much larger and deadlier. The fight began as tensions were high between the British and the Americans, because many soldiers were put in place throughout Boston to enforce the hated tax laws. Angry colonists started physically and verbally assaulting soldiers using weapons such as bats, sticks, snowballs, and more to harm the soldiers on duty.
The event was used by colonial leaders to rally support for the American Revolution and to undermine British authority. The Boston Massacre was also a factor in the passage of the Coercive Acts, which were a series of harsh laws imposed by the British government to punish the colonies for their role in the event. The Coercive Acts closed the port of Boston, restricted town meetings, and allowed British officials accused of crimes to be tried in England instead of in the colonies. These acts angered the colonists and led to increased tensions between the British soldiers and the colonists, ultimately leading to the events of the Boston Massacre. These acts were important in leading to this event happening.
After the Boston Massacre, it is clear that the colonists were fully responsible for what happened. The individuals who were responsible for the events of May 5, 1770 were the Boston colonists. For instance, the colonists provoked the British soldiers by saying phrases with inappropriate language. According to ‘Captain Preston’s Deposition from March 12, 1770’ it states, “The mob still increased and were outrageous, striking their clubs one against another, and calling out, come on you rascals, you bloody backs, you lobster scoundrels, fire if you dare, G-d damn you, fire and be damned, we know you dare not, and much more such language was used.” This demonstrates how the Boston colonists were aggravating the soldiers with their bitter words.
If one takes a closer look, one can observe the complex and intriguing relationships between the colonists and the British soldiers and how these relationships impacted the violent event, the Boston Massacre, which played a crucial role in our freedom. First, what happened at the Boston Massacre? On March 5, 1770, a furious
If the following events didn’t take place we wouldn’t have America. In my opinion the Boston Massacre was one of the very main causes to why the Road to Revolution took place. The reason I believe this was an important cause because it was, “ the first episode which resulted in the loss of life.” It is stated that, “Four Bostonians were killed when Redcoats fired into an angry mob.”