The Two Great Indian Epics
The Indian mythology consists of two great ancient epics The Mahabharata and The Ramayana. The Mahabharata was authored by Veda Vyasa known so as he had also compiled the four Vedas. Ramayana was authored by Valmiki. Both epics revolve around the concept of dharma and in both epics the protagonist is an avatar of Vishnu.
Bhagavad Gita: What Krishna told Arjuna
Bhagavad Gita is one of the most important texts in Hinduism as in it, god speaks directly to man. Bhagavad Gita is said to have captured the importance of the Vedas. Gita is considered to be dated around 200 CE. The day Bhagavad Gita is narrated is celebrated as Ekadashi.
When the armies of Kauravas and Pandavas stood facing each other at the battleground in Kurukshetra, suddenly a chariot drew away from the side of Pandavas. To everyone’s surprise it was Arjuna. Arjuna looked at both the armies and broke down. He said ‘killing brothers, uncles and nephews over a piece of land cannot be dharma’ and lowered his bow. At this Krishna said to Arjuna ‘it is your duty as a Kshatriya, don’t be a weakling’, Arjuna moaned ‘I cannot’. Krishna tried to reason with him ‘they abused your wife, took away your kingdom, and humiliated your family, fight for justice!’. Arjuna replied ‘I see no sense in killing brothers, uncles and friends for …show more content…
What you consider pain and pleasure is according to your own measuring scale. What Duryodhana considers comforting is according to his own measuring scale. The world that you perceive according to your measuring scale is a mere delusion (maya). Only the enlightened know the truth of the world, while the rest construct a delusion that pleases their own ego. Therefore the enlightened are at peace while the rest are in a constant search for peace. Arjuna if you were enlightened, you could be in battle but still at peace. You could kill without anger, without
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In the work The Bhagavad-gītā Arjuna struggle with dharma vs karma. which is that he is a warrior and this is his duty to fight in the war, but he will be killing his family members and the fact that he has feeling for the people he is about to kill. The god in the work, Krishna, give him a pretty straight forward answer. Krishna in The Bhagavad-gītā states “you have mourned those not to be mourned the wise do not grieve for those who are gone… there was no time when I was not, nor you, nor these lords around us, and there will never be a time henceforth when we shall not exist.”
In the novel, Arrow of the Blue Skinned God, Jonah Blank tells the Hindu epic, the Ramayana, as he travels across India in the footsteps of the protagonist, Rama, comparing and contrasting the modern Indian values with those found in the text. In doing so, Blank questions the duality of good and evil, as do most Indians who read the epic, coming to the conclusion that good and evil are one in the same. This view, in turn, is compatible with the Hindu views of dharma. All things are a part of the cosmic order that is dharma, and if one follows one’s dharma, he is virtuous, with moralistic ideas like good and evil just being different perversions of virtue. Rama is a man that is bound by his dharma more than any other in this epic.
Comparison of the Bhagavad-Gita, the Daodejing, and the Book of Genesis In a comparison of compassion shown to the characters within these religious/philosophical texts, compassion or mercy is viewed as a virtue of the man of antiquity. Likewise, the man of ancient days experiences a certain honor in fulfilling his duties. Therefore, it can be shown how a man in the ancient world could place a higher value on compassion than he would on duty. The dialogue between Arjuna and his friend, the god Krishna, begins with Arjuna showing compassion for his relatives and friends, however, it concludes with Krishna reminding Arjuna that to do nothing against his foes would cause much dishonor to him and his family.
Gilgamesh is an epic hero because, he part divine, interacts with gods and his story has a series of adventures and superhuman victories. Gilgamesh is a king that shows off his power and enviably shows his weak side in most altercations. Most scholars see him as a historical figure, but I myself think he is definitely an epic hero. He oppresses people who call out to the gods, this is not very heroic, but his other actions will show the truth. Gilgamesh IS an epic hero.
A modern hero is someone of supernatural ability's of someone with great intelligence. In this epic Gilgamesh shows more of what it takes to be a epic hero. A epic hero is of nobility, integrity, strength, wisdom and many other great quality's. One of the great quality's that make Gilgamesh a epic hero is his willingness to put others before himself. He care more about others then himself and this made him a true warrior and not only bond but at mind.
An epic hero is one of great strengths and supernatural abilities. Beowulf is unable to be harmed by certain weapons, and Hercules has great strength. They also both go on a quest. Beowulf seeks to kill the evil Grendel, Hercules set out on a quest to complete the 12 labors.
The right to kill?... you killed,You killed!” (399). At the end of this conversation Raskolnikov asks sonia for a solution to which sonia produces a solution that will in the end change Raskolnikov’s mind. Sonia says: “ Go this very moment, and stand at the crossroads; bow down, and first kiss the earth which you have defiled, then bow down to the whole world, to the four points of the compass, and say aloud, for all men to hear: ‘I have killed!’
The epic Ramayana by Sanjay Patel talks about the protagonist Rama, who was a god before becoming a prince. The mission he’s on is rescuing his wife Sita. The situation with her is that she was abducted by a demon god. The Hindu definition of Dharma is that it talks about four main concepts; truth, order, harmony, and law. These four represent significant principles that contribute to the universe and society.
Most importantly, the first honorable truth is "reality of dukkha." According to the perception of that was finished by Sakyamuni, the Buddha. He saw that there are a wide range of sorts of sufferings on the world: ladies endure when they are conceiving an offspring, individuals endure when they are getting old, people endures when they get infections, enduring at the season of death, endures when they are infatuated. From these samples above, it obviously demonstrates that the quintessence of those endures are "something you to a great degree undesirable", furthermore the sentiment "unsatisfied". In the point of view of Syakamuni, he imagines that it is an issue that human makes the most of their lives - it is dangerous to feel "charming"
The Bhagavad Gita Yaser Alwaznah University of Miami In refusing to fight, what is Arjuna calling into question? Arjuna’s fate is surrounded by a number of shocks because he is disturbed by certain facets of his primary mission of waging the war. The first incident is correlated with the killing of his kith and kin of which he had much hope in them to taken on another step.
A hero was a figure in a literature who went beyond the human’s limitation. Among countless heroic literature that were published, The Epic of Gilgamesh was the first Western Literature that portrayed an epic hero. Since the epic was written between 2150 and 1400 BCE, Gilgamesh was the Western Literature’s first known hero. Although each hero had similar characteristics, each hero had different situations and personalities, which led to different heroic archetypes. Depending on each situation and journey, the hero had different roles in literature such as either an epic hero or a tragic hero.