The two empires had different ideas of culture in relation with the people and their viewpoints. The Chinese had a defined hierarchy. Whereas the Romans had a weaker not as defined hierarchy with no equivalent religion to Confucianism. Family was the foundation in Chinese culture, the Romans lacked this particular quality. Both empires contrast because of their vastly different views because of culture and
Although both Han and Rome both made huge accomplishments in technology they had very different views on technology. The Han dynasty viewed their tools as huge advancements and tried to use them throughout all the classes in societies because they were much more open and positive towards poor workers than the Roman Empire which had great technologies but they did not appreciate the lower class workers which lead to a negative view on technology (run-on sentence). As Roman laborers were often slaves the technologies and tools they used were often neglected and not noticed while the upper class advancements in math and science were the only technological achievements that were noticed. The Hans had a society heavily based on agriculture. New tools and technologies created were often to increase agricultural work and output which were immediately used by the poor which were the main agricultural workers. The lower class separation in Han China led to a more positive view on technology than that of the Romans.
Han, China and Imperial Rome both had similarities and differences in terms of political control throughout the classical period. Both empires had major differences about their perspectives on what main element could hold their political jurisdictions together, Imperial Rome favored law codes since one would try to obey if they didn’t want to be punished for their actions whereas Han, China reinforced confucius teaching even though they had some laws as well because they thought virtues would guide everyone to follow the right path in the political system. However, both had similarities facing problems with the administration of good bureaucrats who could really reinforce tight vigorous decisions to help political power run smoothly along with
Both had social unrest and internal decay. China and Rome both had their bureaucrats assassinated. They received no taxes from their landowners and eventually their landowners formed private armies. To some extent religion also broken up the Han dynasty and Rome. Christianity began to spread in Rome drastically and eventually fracturing the empire. The influence of Buddhism in China arose religious conflicts. One big similarity is the attack of outside invasions. Nomads lead several attacks on Rome and China. These attacks called for big armies, armies that the neither of them had. Therefore, the nomads overtook China and
In conclusion, the two civilizations believed in entirely different ways to govern themselves and they both had completely different values of individuals. Athens had a strong confidence in each male citizen, believing that men were higher over all. They believed each man should engage in government and contribute their thoughts. On the other hand, Han China did not cherish the individual, instead, they believed men were a part of nature. They also believed that people should behave, be kind to others, and let the higher classes govern
During the era of classical societies, the Han and Roman empires were two vast cosmopolitan societies which dominated regions all throughout Eurasia. In regards to the fall of the Han and Roman empires, both were similar in that they fell victim to internal government decay, but different in that Rome fell to foreign invasions, while Han suffered from rebellions of their own people.
The Qin and Han employed different philosophies on how to run their dynasties. The Qin used controlling Legalistic ideas while the Han used the relationship building Confucianism. The Qin and Han had a different relationship with outsiders because the Qin preferred to keep foreigners out while the Han wanted to build a relationship with them. The Qin and the Han each contributed to the growth of China’s culture and expansion. The developments in trade, foreign relations, and building expansive building projects in the Qin and Han Dynasties effected the design of every dynasty
Political integration between both empires had both similarities and differences, most notably being different with the ways they chose those to rule. In Imperial Rome, bureaucracy relied on local elites (landholders) and the middle-class citizens to control provinces. Imperial Rome was far less complex, compared to the bureaucracy of Han China. Many official positions within the government were bought or became hereditary through family wealth as opposed to earned by merit, due to this fact, the Roman bureaucracy often suffered from poor governance. One of the reasons the empire was so unified even
Politically, both empires had a centralized government. The strategies did differ somewhat. China formed a bureaucracy whereby leaders were trained and selected by merit. Rome devised an in depth legal system however; the leaders that were appointed were elite aristocrats in collusion with the army. In both civilizations, the government funded expansion of road and supported the economy.
Ancient Mesopotamia"Land between the rivers" (3500 B.C.E) and Ancient China(as early as 3500 B.C.E) are two of the many civilizations in history. Both civilizations left evidence of their way of life and accomplishment Mesopotamia ranging from the 12- month calendar, plow, cuneiform, ziggurats and number system based of on 60 count. China from ink, pictographs martial arts, great wall of China, and the art of porcelain. Mesopotamia had several civilizations within its own such as Assyrians, Sumerians, Babylonians etc.
The Han dynasty Empire and the Roman empire stood large and mighty at the start of the Common Era, with the two kingdoms controlling an unprecedented mass amount of populations under their reign. Both kingdoms rose as predecessors from previous political systems that extended lands under one rule, with the Roman Republic expansion in Europe after the Punic wars and the Qin state achieving conquest over six other nearby states creating the first imperial China in east Asia. The heavy hand of the Qin dynasty and the assassination of Rome’s beloved general, Julius Caesar, by the Roman senate, threw both kingdoms into rebellion, ushering in centuries of imperialistic rule for both in their respective timelines. Both developed innovations in city development and Military conquest that nations looked to for millenniums to come.
Rome and Carthage were two great powers of ancient times. Rome mostly covered Italian territories and allied cities that she had conquered while Carthage was in the northern coast of Africa. Both cities had ambitions to go on and conquer other cities in order to become the World superpower leading to conflicts between them. Despite there being some similarities in the structure of government between the two governments in many ways they were different.
The Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire were two of the most powerful entities to rule their respective parts of the world. At their peaks, both states controlled a large portion of the world population and produced political and cultural legacies. Although they were very powerful at their peak, they eventually had to come to an end. The Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire have similar and yet distinct downfalls: through the weakened leadership and military, depression of the economies and excessive spending.
Between 31 BCE to 476 CE empires usually had a similar approach to government. An emperor who was supreme and divine and some type of advisors. Roman and Han empires shared this characteristic. Unlike the Han, Rome had its own senate, Roman emperors typically had many advisors. The roman empire used a senate method which allowed for their citizens to contribute and vote. This showed the citizen that they had some control and created a strong government following in the people and helped eliminate the chance of uprisings. The han however had no citizen participation in their government their emperor held all the power in government. A main way to maintain control in this system was using harsh and excessive punishment.
The Chinese and Romans where similar in many ways. During the Qin dynasty they created a class of free peasantry (farmers) who were given their own land in return for taxes and military service to the state. (K. Reilly p.203). The same trade off can be said in regards to the Romans. They to, created a class of military personnel “Plebeians” a form of second class people due to the invasion by the Gauls. This led the Romans in desperate need to create a stronger army. The decision was made, to make the Plebeians full citizens and to allow them to own land pay taxes even given the ability to have a say on Roman policies.