Rome from 71 BCE to 476 BCE and Han China from 206 BCE to 220 BCE are two very well-known classical empires. These two empires have similarities and differences in their political systems, religion, and social structure. The romans had a democratic government whereas China had a singular ruler. Imperial Rome was monotheistic and Han China was polytheistic. While they both had similar class structures, China had a three tiered social system and the Romans only had two divisions in their class structure. Imperial Rome had a democratic government, where the people voted for everything. They had two classes, the patricians and the plebeians. The Plebeians had all the control over the Senate and the Consuls for a while. Eventually, the plebeians were given control over the Tribunes to give them a voice. The patricians were the wealthy, land owners, and the upper class citizens. They had all the control over the religion and the government. The plebeians were everybody that wasn’t a Patrician. They had little to no voice throughout imperial Rome’s history. In both classes the oldest male was the head of the families. Women had no rights during this time and the people were Christian. …show more content…
They both excelled and revolutionized the social, political, and religious aspects of their empires. The Romans revolutionized the democratic system of government and ended up giving the lower class of people all the power in the society. Christianity became a big role in their system and the split between the Plebeians and the Patricians helped keep the system balanced to a point. In Han China the class system helped the empire run very smooth. The balance between the rulers and the lower class workers and the artisans helped make sure every task was accomplished and was done efficiently. Ancestor worship played a big role in their system because they didn’t want to anger their ancestor or effect the fertility or wellbeing of the
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In the Dynastic cycle, the Qin and Han Dynasties of ancient China showed similar periods of Decline. The similarities between the two dynasties is that Qin and Han ignored the needs of the poor they were more concern in enjoying there wealth than covering the needs of the poor. Another similarity of the two dynasties is that the two leaders of the dynasties, Qin and Han get corrupt. They also have differences in the period of decline between Qin and Han is that Shi the who were the Qin ruler were a strict ruler who forced people to work in the great wall of china and work on things like building canals, many people died while working and the leader Shi ignored the needs of the workers, the Han ruler did not have a strong army and they
In conclusion, the two civilizations believed in entirely different ways to govern themselves and they both had completely different values of individuals. Athens had a strong confidence in each male citizen, believing that men were higher over all. They believed each man should engage in government and contribute their thoughts. On the other hand, Han China did not cherish the individual, instead, they believed men were a part of nature. They also believed that people should behave, be kind to others, and let the higher classes govern
Downfall of the Rome Empire and Han Dynasty The Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire were two of the most powerful entities to rule their respective parts of the world. At their peaks, both states controlled a large portion of the world population and produced political and cultural legacies. Although they were very powerful at their peak, they eventually had to come to an end. The Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire have similar and yet distinct downfalls: through the weakened leadership and military, depression of the economies and excessive spending.
Han, China and Imperial Rome both had similarities and differences in terms of political control throughout the classical period. Both empires had major differences about their perspectives on what main element could hold their political jurisdictions together, Imperial Rome favored law codes since one would try to obey if they didn’t want to be punished for their actions whereas Han, China reinforced confucius teaching even though they had some laws as well because they thought virtues would guide everyone to follow the right path in the political system. However, both had similarities facing problems with the administration of good bureaucrats who could really reinforce tight vigorous decisions to help political power run smoothly along with
Andrea Gavin Mrs. Fox History Oct 06, 2017 Fall of Classical Empires The Han dynasty and the Western Roman empire have many reasons of why they fell. Powerful and strong these empires were, but just like any other empire they had their similarities and differences, that caused their fall. One of their similarities was invasions by barbarian tribes.
The two empires had different ideas of culture in relation with the people and their viewpoints. The Chinese had a defined hierarchy. Whereas the Romans had a weaker not as defined hierarchy with no equivalent religion to Confucianism. Family was the foundation in Chinese culture, the Romans lacked this particular quality. Both empires contrast because of their vastly different views because of culture and
Both empires were highly focused on territorial expansion but with the expanding territories more emphasis was need to be placed on a well rounded military in order to maintain full control. The Roman empire;s military was very focused on the skill and quantity of the armies. The size of the arm scared the citizen into maintaining obedience to the emperor. Unlike the Roman the Han required men to serve in their military. Because of China’s isolation the risk for invasion from enemies or barbarians.
The Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty of China were two of the largest empires of the Ancient world. The Roman Empire lasted from 31 B.C. and fell to the German Goths in A.D. 476, for a total of 507 years and Ancient Chinese empire lasted from 27 B.C. to A.D 476, for a total of 503 years. In the Roman Empire, as well as the Han Dynasty, there were similarities. Some of the ways that they were the same are women did not have much freedom, also they had strong militaries, both had sophisticated bureaucracy, and also had a wealthy contested government.
Rome and Carthage were two great powers of ancient times. Rome mostly covered Italian territories and allied cities that she had conquered while Carthage was in the northern coast of Africa. Both cities had ambitions to go on and conquer other cities in order to become the World superpower leading to conflicts between them. Despite there being some similarities in the structure of government between the two governments in many ways they were different. While Rome had consuls, and a senate, Carthage had magistrates and a council of elders.
The Chinese and Romans where similar in many ways. During the Qin dynasty they created a class of free peasantry (farmers) who were given their own land in return for taxes and military service to the state. (K. Reilly p.203). The same trade off can be said in regards to the Romans. They to, created a class of military personnel “Plebeians” a form of second class people due to the invasion by the Gauls.
The Qin and Han employed different philosophies on how to run their dynasties. The Qin used controlling Legalistic ideas while the Han used the relationship building Confucianism. The Qin and Han had a different relationship with outsiders because the Qin preferred to keep foreigners out while the Han wanted to build a relationship with them. The Qin and the Han each contributed to the growth of China’s culture and expansion. The developments in trade, foreign relations, and building expansive building projects in the Qin and Han Dynasties effected the design of every dynasty
The Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire. The Han dynasty Empire and the Roman empire stood large and mighty at the start of the Common Era, with the two kingdoms controlling an unprecedented mass amount of populations under their reign. Both kingdoms rose as predecessors from previous political systems that extended lands under one rule, with the Roman Republic expansion in Europe after the Punic wars and the Qin state achieving conquest over six other nearby states creating the first imperial China in east Asia. The heavy hand of the Qin dynasty and the assassination of Rome’s beloved general, Julius Caesar, by the Roman senate, threw both kingdoms into rebellion, ushering in centuries of imperialistic rule for both in their respective timelines.
During the era of classical societies, the Han and Roman empires were two vast cosmopolitan societies which dominated regions all throughout Eurasia. In regards to the fall of the Han and Roman empires, both were similar in that they fell victim to internal government decay, but different in that Rome fell to foreign invasions, while Han suffered from rebellions of their own people. The Han and Roman empires were similar in their fall in that they both suffered from internal decay, specifically of their governments. In the Han empire, land distribution problems that were originally sought to be fixed by the “Socialist emperor” Wang Mang allowed large landowners to become even more influential than they previously were.
The lower class separation in Han China led to a more positive view on technology than that of the Romans.
The Roman Empire and the empire of the Han Dynasty in China were two empires of the second wave of civilization that, at their peak held half of the world’s population. These empires were similar in size however, they did not interact. Politically, both empires had a centralized government. The strategies did differ somewhat.