Similarities Between Han China And Imperial Rome

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Rome from 71 BCE to 476 BCE and Han China from 206 BCE to 220 BCE are two very well-known classical empires. These two empires have similarities and differences in their political systems, religion, and social structure. The romans had a democratic government whereas China had a singular ruler. Imperial Rome was monotheistic and Han China was polytheistic. While they both had similar class structures, China had a three tiered social system and the Romans only had two divisions in their class structure.
Imperial Rome had a democratic government, where the people voted for everything. They had two classes, the patricians and the plebeians. The Plebeians had all the control over the Senate and the Consuls for a while. Eventually, the plebeians were given control over the Tribunes to give them a voice. The patricians were the wealthy, land owners, and the upper class citizens. They had all the control over the religion and the government. The plebeians were everybody that wasn’t a Patrician. They had little to no voice throughout imperial Rome’s history. In both classes the oldest male was the head of the families. Women had no rights during this time and the people were Christian.
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They both excelled and revolutionized the social, political, and religious aspects of their empires. The Romans revolutionized the democratic system of government and ended up giving the lower class of people all the power in the society. Christianity became a big role in their system and the split between the Plebeians and the Patricians helped keep the system balanced to a point. In Han China the class system helped the empire run very smooth. The balance between the rulers and the lower class workers and the artisans helped make sure every task was accomplished and was done efficiently. Ancestor worship played a big role in their system because they didn’t want to anger their ancestor or effect the fertility or wellbeing of the
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