Many people fail to recognize that racial meaning is dynamic, fluid, and historically situated. These people, most of whom are white, tend to ignore what race means in the context of how it was constructed over the years. It’s much more than just a skin color but for some reason that skin deep difference is what fuels many different forms of injustice in society. Daniel Martinez HoSang and Oneka LaBennett described in their article, Racialization, about how race is used to justify many forms of social hierarchy and power. This process of racialization highlights human difference through hierarchy based solely on race, creating “superior” and “inferior” races with no biological basis.
Discrimination based on skin color, also known as colorism or shadism, is a form of prejudice or discrimination in which people are treated differently based on the social meanings attached to skin color. Colorism, a term coined by Alice Walkerin 1982, is not a synonym of racism. "Race" depends on multiple factors (including ancestry); therefore, racial categorization does not solely rely on skin color. Skin color is only one mechanism used to assign individuals to a racial category, but race is the set of beliefs and assumptions assigned to that category. Racism is the dependence of social status on the social meaning attached to race; colorism is the dependence of social status on skin color alone.
Contrary to the expectations of many individuals in the United States, race and ethnicity are not the same. Although both race and ethnicity are connected in the fact that both are socially constructed in modern times, race and ethnicity did not originate under similar circumstances. Race is more concrete and not dynamic, ultimately causing one’s race to be solidified in an individual’s early stages of development in society. Race was originally created in order to oppress certain individual’s in society and allow one group of individuals to be seen as superior and other groups as inferior, thereby proliferating oppression and establishment of distinctions between the in-group and the out-group. Race was not created as a way to understand the
Europeans used these features to group people hierarchically by their physical abilities and moral quality and Caucasians were the pinnacle (Chavez & Guido-DiBrito, 1999). Through colonialism racial categories were enforced and this created a hierarchically racial arranged global order. This is the reason individuals use race to describe him or herself when referring to their identities, this is even more prevalent in South Africa or America as they are highly racialised societies. In South Africa the construction of the Coloured identity was as a result of political power, the government categorised people of mixed races and created an artificial category labelled ‘Coloured’ as these people could not be categorised into any of the other main races (Petrus, 2013). In Social Psychology
The relationship between race and racism is due to the fact that there are racial categories created, in order for particular social groups to be on top of the hierarchy. For example, the white group, which is on top of this racial hierarchy, established the notion of race in order to benefit themselves, which has led to racism among other minority groups. The ideology of a group being superior than others leads to racism. Ultimately, race is the product of racism, and racism is not the product of race (25). The society that organizes individuals and groups into different races will never be free of racism.
A color-blind ideology appears to permeate throughout our society drawn from a lack of color consciousness. This is for the reason that it neglects to challenge white privilege by subsisting in a position of race privilege. Reflection of one’s conscious and unconscious belief about race can help to break down existing societal and inevitable racism as opposed to culture or personal ineptitude. Self-reflexivity will also provide assistance with an honest discussion about race and ethnicity being social constructions from attitudes, actions, beliefs, and so on. Ultimately, racial ideologies are consistently subject to change for engaging with the transformation of a particular era’s social conditions at the complexly interconnected levels of
At the same time ethnic and race differences is learned. Sociologist have gathered that race is not definite but rather a range of physical variations among human beings. Popular notion however, have allowed race to be a defining in some cases negatively and positively.
Which leads one race being superior to another and of there being pure races, race is a myth. According to W. I. Thomas’ idea of “The Definition of the Situation” what people believe to be real, is real in its consequences. If people believe in society because they have a different skin color and should be treated differently because of their physical characteristics/stereotype of their “race” is real for those people and for others who refuse to accept that it’s not real. In the “A Class Divided “video a third grade class was segregated into to a belief of two races; a race of blue eyed third graders and a race of brown eyed third graders. When the blue eyed third graders were told from their teacher; an alterative figure that they were superior than their brown eyed classmates and the
Racial discrimination and ethnic inequality are still prevalent in today’s society, despite making advancements towards a more inclusive society the repercussions of events conjured up by the socially constructed phenomenon ‘race’ has had ripple effects on society. This essay utilizes sociological principles in examining examples of racial misrepresentation and whether the media reinforces and contribute to this negative portrayal of ethnic minorities. Sociologists are coming to find that the terms ‘race’ is fluid in nature and changes throughout the course of time when subject to historical and political pressures, the use of the term ‘race; only serves to sustain the conditions for the reproduction of racism within society. It is apparent
Racism in a part of our life is subtly dehumanizing the people of the earth and divides the nation into parts that can tore down the core of humanization. All these acts has been let down from generation to generation where we are brainwashed and taught to think in certain directions. The superiority of certain races in work field area has create barriers between employer, employee, colleagues and clients based on races, which includes the attitude, bias, communication, and media stereotyping which certain races and sometimes religion have to embrace in order to survive in these millennial
The exercise "What is Race?" ameliorated my way of thinking about race. I could change wrong belief that I have had about the classification of race in ancient time that is race is sorted by genetic base and outward feature such as skin color. I learned some interesting fact that ancient people divided people in terms of religion, status, class, and language. Being bigoted about races, I thought it was a right thing to divide people with physical differences because it is an archetypal idea to believe in the era I live.