So, which of the religions should be take it as base to considers actions to be morally good or wrong. Therefore, the Divine Command Theory of Morality can have advantages, for example if you obey God’s commands you will be rewarded but if you disobey you will be punished, but it also have disadvantages starting from Euthyphro’s dilemma leading this theory
It is a convenient and comforting respond to unfortunate and even devastating ‘fate’. The pain becomes bearable to those who suffer because the idea of all being a part of a bigger plan, it is more than you. However, this concept is built upon an irrational fundamental attitude, “the surrender of self to the ordering power of society,” (54) a problem that Berger expressed his concerns with. Another problem would be that the use of God as a shield works on believers, but not on nonbelievers. The question “why bad things happening to good people” still cannot be answered for the nonbelievers, a common critique of religion itself.
Certainly, some people behave more or less morally, however, that happens not only because of the nature of humans but because of nurture and subsequent influence on people’s nature. Following that, it would be a mistake to presume that religion and God to be the origin of moral ideas, because humans themselves invented an image of God and the rules that people should
It is no secret that people want what they cannot have, but if you do not know something exist it is impossible to want it. Rousseau believed that people were once good, when they lived in the state of nature. In his state of nature people are guided by morals, empathy for others, and are full of pity. He depicts the state of nature as a peaceful time period, when people resided in the forest and lived in harmony finding entertainment in simple things. Everyone is equal in the state of nature, because the Earth belongs to no one.
In this essay I will be discussing the concept of toleration and its importance for pluralist societies. The concept of toleration is difficult to understand because when you tolerate someone or something you do not necessarily agree with it, you just do not act out in violence because of it. Tolerance shows that individuals acknowledge that other individuals have the right to believe in what they want to even though it may not be what others also believe in. This acknowledgment is important in a pluralist society because in order for a pluralist society to exist and function well, the society must practice the act of tolerance. In a pluralistic society, there are a diverse group of religious cultures and traditions.
And not to forget, he also said one day that traditional religion will be gone in upcoming generations. What I can conlude about Marx theory on religion is he attack the religion that inverts the material world from being the primary reality. Continued with the second socioligist that is Emile Durkheim that also wrote a theory about religion after Karl Marx. He was a was a French sociologist, philosophers, and social psychologist. Durkheim also famous as the founder of functionalism and spent much of his academic career on studying about religion in that time being.
Robespierre was influenced greatly by the teachings of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, which inspired Robespierre’s belief and morals and became the main reason why he fought for equal rights for men and demand for justice and change from the French monarchy. Robespierre was not fond of the French monarchy and believed that they were abusing their power so he used his platform to advocate for change. “Robespierre and his youthful colleague, Saint-Just (1767-94)-also once an opponent of the death penalty led the way in claiming that ‘Louis must die in order for the Revolution to live,” (Robespierre and The Terror). Robespierre’s begin to call for more purges and execution, causing the people and other government officials to question Robespierre’s motives. They began to fear for their lives and in fear of another revolutionary, they decided to overthrow Robespierre and execute
Religion is the basics of what people choose to believe in. It ties in with our morality, to keep us on the correct path and help us distinguish right from wrong. It is what gives us human beings part of our identity. It is what we turn to in times of crisis. However, Margaret Atwood 's novel, The Handmaid 's Tale, demonstrates how the regime uses religion to create authoritarian laws to control the people of Gilead and maintain order within the society.
Religion is a huge part of mankind’s society, and while it promotes positive self-improvement, it also generates some unhealthy fallacies for the human species. If the only negative externality of religion is the fallacies that it creates, is there a way of only implementing the self-improvement portion of religion into human’s lives? The concept known as secular humanism fits this role perfectly. That is, “the belief that humanity is capable of morality and self-fulfillment without belief in God” (Merriam–Webster). Specifically, what kind of fallacies are generated by religions?
It is a convenient and comforting respond to an unfortunate and devastating ‘fate’. The pain becomes bearable to those who suffer because of the idea that it is all being a part of a bigger plan, it is more than just an individual. However, this concept is built upon an irrational fundamental attitude, “the surrender of self to the ordering power of society,” (54) a problem that Berger expressed his concerns with. Another problem would be that the use of God as a shield works on believers, but not on nonbelievers. The question “why bad things happen to good people” still cannot be answered for the nonbelievers, a common critique of religion itself.
Each group’s culture is a key element in population concentration, ritual, and risk perception. For some groups, the hazard threat to the community is seen as a divine punishment, and thus, can be mitigated through religious practices. In the other hand, other groups perceive hazards as real threats that need to be mitigated by proper
Understanding the concept of a worldview is important because our decisions will be made based on the way in which we view the world. Our actions should reflect what we believe, which is linked to our worldview, so we should make sure that our understanding of a worldview lines up with our belief system. Many times different religions get criticized for their followers being fake, but if people better understood the concept of a worldview, then there probably would not be as much hypocrisy because people would be trying to live their life according to their beliefs. The concept of a worldview is a key aspect to understand, so that we can accurately describe and live out our beliefs. A worldview is a way in which we as people view the world and helps us make choices based on our religious beliefs.
Often people have a comparable set of morals to the individuals they are encompassed by. Frequently, acquaintances and harmonious societies are established through a strong base made up of similarities. When a shared moral structure is not present amongst two individuals, the personalities will negatively collide causing conflict. A society has an essential requisite, which is a shared set of morals, in order to be sustainable and thriving. While a shared moral framework provides a flourishing and amicable society when present, it can also cause a prospering society to disintegrate and disperse when absent and can administer savage and greedy personalities in specific individuals that do not possess the same morals.
Conservative Christianity, also known as Fundamentalism, is the belief that everything in the bible should be taken literally. However, Liberal Christianity, also known as Modernism, is the belief that God could be understood simply through the use of scriptures and by utilizing the same modern interpretations that are also used to understand any ancient passages, symbols, and scriptures (Pals, 2006). Conservative Christianity is commonly viewed as being the thinking and beliefs of the past and they make up the fundamentals of Christianity, hence their other name Fundamentalism. On the other hand, Liberal Christianity is viewed as being the “modern” way of thinking and believing in Christianity, hence the name Modernism. These differences separate