Somatogenic Theory Of Psychosurgery

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The development of psychosurgery has increased the interest about mental illness and it’s affects on the mentally ill. In this paper, I will be discussing a brief history of mental illness itself and then further breaking it down to the aspect of a certain treatment of mental illness known as psychosurgery. Going beyond the United States, to make known of the worldwide treatment, I will be looking at the country of Sweden and discussing what they have found about psychosurgery and it’s effects. Further, I will be talking about the different types of psychosurgery and then concluding with the problems and effects of the mental illness treatment. Mental illness is a worldwide developmental disorder that has been prevalent for years. In fact, …show more content…

This theory is where the physical functioning of the human body is harmed by either an illness, brain damage, or even genetically inherited. If any of these occur, they could result in a mental disorder. One would feel that this is more of the ideal theory due to having a more biological idea. The last theory mentioned by Farreras would be the psychogenic theory. This is where the believed mentally ill person has a traumatic or stressful experience to where they developed a mental disorder from that. This could coincide with the second theory, the somatogenic theory, just because they can interact with each other. For example, say one gets into a horrible car accident and receives brain damage. The person therefore gets a mental disorder from that accident, which then falls under the somatogenic theory. But wouldn’t one say that the accident was a traumatic experience? So, by this, their mental disorder could fall under the psychogenic theory as well. (Farreras, I. G., …show more content…

Looking at the years of 1950 up to 1996, authors Jo Phelan, Bruce Link, Ann Stueve, and Bernice Pescosolido wrote about a comparison study that showed the public’s view of the mentally ill. While looking at the data collected, they found that many people considered the mentally ill to be violent in nature. In fact, as stated by the authors, “the proportion who described a mentally ill person as being violent increased by nearly two and a half times between 1950 and 1996.” (Phelan, J.C., Link, B.G., Stueve, A. & Pescosolido, B.A., 2000). So, in other words, the view points of people increased with time as to the idea that mentally people are indeed violent. One might wonder why that is. Well, based on the article, public conceptions were based off of current psychiatric information as well as negative stereotypes, fear, and rejection towards the mentally ill. Phelan, J.C., Link, B.G., Stueve, A. & Pescosolido, B.A.,

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