Mexican American War “... May the boldest fear and the wisest tremble when incurring responsibilities on which may depend on our countries peace and prosperity…” -James K. Polk. What our 11th president meant by this is that we need to maintain good relations to bring success as this is the opposite of what Mexico wanted. In 1845, many Americans believed in manifest destiny which was the belief that the United States was destined to stretch from coast to coast. As this idea scattered through America, citizens of the U.S. spread with it.
“The Crucible of Empire: The Spanish-American War” documentary explain how the U.S got involved in a war that was between Spain and Cuba. Cuba wanted their independences from Spain. They wanted to have power over their own government and not stand under Spain which they have been for many decades. President William McKinley didn’t want the U.S to get between the two because he felt the U.S must avoid the temptation of territorial aggression. No everyone felt the same way as him, assistant secretary of the navy Teddy Roosevelt thought that a war with Spain over Cuba would make U.S a world power.
After the Civil War, the second Industrial Revolution swept the US and the country began to flourish. Baring the economic prosperity, many Americans grew the urge to expand overseas. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, foreign policy was the hot topic among citizens and government officials. There were two sides to the argument; some Americans pushed for the aggressive foreign policy while others favored for the US to keep their nose out of foreign affairs. Notable figures in government took bold stands for and against foreign affairs.
The Spanish American war was a war between the United States of America and Spain. It lasted 4 months in the year 1898. The purpose of the war was for Spain to loss control of Cuba, the Philippians, Guam, and Puerto Rico. It all started when Spain started to put pressure on Cuba to increase trade to the Americas so they could get the majority of trade with America. This caused Cuba to fight for independence.
Expansion has long been a part of American history. From the Louisiana Purchase to the addition of Alaska and Hawaii, expansion has played a large role in the development of our country. However, with expansion playing the role it has in our nation’s history, imperialism was bound to make an appearance at some point. Imperialism is when a nation uses inhibited territory it has acquired to extend its power. It was prominent in the late 1800s and the early 1900s.
The Spanish American War was a big step towards American War power and influenced foreign countries greatly with trade, naval power, and territory. The Era of the Spanish - American contributed to the advancement in trade for the United States. After the Hay-Pauncefote treaty with Britain was abolished, the U.S. was free to build a canal in Latin America with their help. The canal was set to be built in Panama, this canal was to benefit America to create ports free from tax in this country. This was granted when the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty of 1903 gave rights over a 51 mile long and 10 mile wide Canal Zone to protect the U.S. With these rights American manufacturing exporting companies without any tariffs for the citizens of the States.
The Cumming: The USS Maine exploded, sank, and killed 260 sailors at Havana Harbor in Cuba. America thought that Spain sunk the ship (they were in control of Cuba at the time), and the USA came up with the slogan “Remember the Maine.” President McKinley said that there was no proof that Spain sunk the ship but the media continued to blame Spain. Cuba began a struggle for independence from Spain in February of 1895. Spain kept rebellious Cubans in concentration camps, and hundreds of thousands died.
With westward expansion becoming more popular, and with people thinking it was their manifest destiny-or God given fate to go west, populations increased. But conflict arose with our southern neighbor Mexico. This conflict could’ve been prevented, or resolved, but instead it grew worse. This conflict is often called the “Mexican American War” but in Mexico it is called the “US Invasion”. On April 24th, 1836 63 American men and officers went just south of the Rio Grande when Mexico attacked.
A major factor that I had learned when perusing the articles in module two and chapter two was that in the Spanish conquest of America, labor had played a significant role to the Spaniards. Any of the gold that had been discovered in the Spanish conquest was proportioned to the monarchy, then leaders and administrators, and lastly the conquistadors. This had left the conquistadors with minuscule amounts gold and disappointed, in correspondence, the conquistadors were given encomiedas. The Spaniards had presumed they were superior to the Indians and had the right to possess them because they had been situated on the monarchs’ property. The Spaniards confronted the Native Americans with guns, germs, and steel.
Should the U.S. have Annexed the Philippine Islands? The U.S. desire to expand and become an imperial power in the world, took effect. The U.S. had maintained its three beliefs. In time these beliefs fueled the desire, and the first would be acting as an individual by relying upon yourself for economic and military support.
During the nineteenth century the U.S was immersed in the era called the Industrial Revolution and there were many negative aspects that came with innovation. A combination of negative aspects of the industrial revolution including economic instability (Booms and Busts), job insecurity, and dangerous work conditions led to the creation of gatherings of workers called labor unions. This century was known for two main national labor unions, the Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor. The first national union was the Knights of Labor it was founded in 1869 by Uriah Stephens. The Knights of Labor were the first union to organize skilled, unskilled, men, women, white, and black workers.