There are several federal laws governing special education which include: Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), No Child Left Behind (NCLB), and Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
Three laws that have shaped and resolved the rights and services available to the students with disabilities will be discussed in this section.Section 504 of Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Individuals with Disabilities Act( IDEA )and The Americans Disabilities Act( ADA). The IDEA is the major federal statute providing educational rights to students with disabilities. Even so, two other statutes, Section 504 of the rehabilitation Act and ADA which was modified recently (ADA,2006,2008), also have implication for the disciplinary process when it involves students with disabilities ( Russo & Osborne, 2009).
So many federal laws and regulations have paved the way for individuals with disabilities to be able to have the equal opportunity for success. Education was not always an option for everyone, there was a time when receiving an education was a privilege. When writing about IDEA Garguilo states that “we consider this law to be one of the most important pieces, if not the most important piece, of federal legislation ever enacted on behalf of children with special needs” (page 45). This law allowed for all children with disabilities to receive a free appropriate education. IDEA changed the way for these individuals allowing for a: FAPE, LRE, IEP, procedural due process, nondiscriminatory assessment, and parental participation. Students with and
Eve may have problems learning to speak. This is because some children with Down’s syndrome find it hard to learn some of the aspects of speech, language and communication. Some children could experience severe speech and language problems whereas some children may find it less of a challenge. Some children will have more difficulty with developing their grammar; others will find it hardest to develop clear speech so a speech therapist can help them to learn how to communicate more effectively. They work directly with clients and provide them and their carers with support. They also work closely with teachers and other health professionals, such as doctors, nurses and psychologists. SLTs assist children and adults who have the following types
The profession of Speech Language Pathology enables others to be heard and gives them the ability to have a voice. As a Communication Disorders major, I found my voice through education and personal experiences. During my undergraduate career, I have balanced extracurricular activities, volunteer work, and leadership roles while maintaining superior grades in my coursework. However, my qualities go far beyond my list of accomplishments. Passion, my value of education, and my objective to improve the lives of others have driven me to pursue a career in Speech Language Pathology.
I will soon hold a Bachelor degree in Communication Disorders and my studies have taught me how to communicate with individuals from all backgrounds, professions, and social classes. It taught me sympathy and understanding of human interaction. My long term goal is to work with school aged children and young adults as a speech-language pathologist. I have experience in interacting favorably and effectively with children of a wide range and enjoy doing so. I belong in an educational environment and would like to continue on to the school system and contribute to the success of school aged children and young adults.
Reading is an essential life skill. The ultimate goal of reading is to comprehend and make meaningful connections with text. Therefore, the development of skills needed for reading begins at an early age and progresses through stages into adulthood (Chall, 1996). Within the early stages of reading development, children begin learning and acquiring these specific skills. Moreover, many of the skills learned during early childhood are constrained skills. Constrained skills are the quickest to develop and master, such as decoding, fluency, and word recognition (Kintsch, 2004; Paris & Hamilton, 2009). As children acquire and become automatic in these reading skills, these constrained skills aid the child in a smooth transition to the later stages of reading development where there is a heavy focus on unconstrained skills. Unconstrained skills such as comprehension, vocabulary, and composition, continually develop over time making them much more complex with uncertainties of when or how they become automatic (Kamhi, 2009;
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a federal law enacted in 1990 and reauthorized in 1997 and 2004. It is designed to protect the rights of students with disabilities by ensuring that everyone receives a free appropriate public education (FAPE), regardless of ability. Furthermore, IDEA strives not only to grant equal access to students with disabilities, but also to provide additional special education services and procedural safeguards.
Communication is a fundamental aspect of life and everybody has a desire to be heard and understood. However, for people with communication disorders this can be extremely difficult. If you want to play a part in helping these people to communicate then a degree in speech pathology can set you on the right path. The assistance that you are able to give people can be life-changing for them, which makes it a very rewarding profession. When working in this field you won’t just be dealing with people who have verbal communication problems, but also those who cannot swallow properly. In fact, the longtime host of “The Tonight Show”, Jay Leno, has a degree in speech therapy, so the knowledge you gain from
I watched Sound and Fury, a documentary that came out in 2000, centered on the complications of getting the Cochlear Implant, and how Deaf and hearing communities can differ upon the topic. Particularly within one family, brothers along with their wives and parents have a tough time deciding if their Deaf children should undergo such a procedure. They all travel to visit families that are hearing with children who aren’t learning ASL because they have the implant. They visit a Deaf family whose 10-year daughter is the only person in the family to get the implant. They also visit schools focusing on speech to help Deaf children who wear hearing aids and/or got the Cochlear Implant, and visit a Deaf community with a school focused on ASL. Each
It is necessary for speech pathology programs to include an audiology course because the two fields are very closely related. Many speech language pathologists will most likely work with individuals who have multiple impairments, including hearing loss (Welling & Ukstins 2019). The auditory mechanism is also very important to the development of speech sounds and language. Having good hearing is crucial to a child’s success with speaking and participating in social situations as well. If a child has issues with proper social interaction, they will most likely go to a speech language pathologist for services. Speech language pathologists will also need to work in collaboration with audiologists to create the best treatment plan for their patients
To provide support to learners with communication needs one must recognise that they do not have a cognitive delay due to their special need. One must not group them with other learners with a cognitive delay for this reason. Some children with speech and language needs may have been referred to therapy services, due to this the therapist may visit the pupil within the school, thus making it important for the teacher and therapist to communicate ways in which the teacher can help to further support within the classroom. When enhancing speech, language and communication it is important to immerse children in a talk-rich environment. Pupils will then develop their skills from being exposed to it. Some one to ones may be required to support learners with speech, language and communication needs but it is important they spend the majority of their time in the classroom, so they are exposed to the skills they need to develop. The teacher may use some of the following techniques to enable progress when teaching a pupil with communication or language need; reducing background noise, do not finish their sentences also provide opportunities for collaborative group work and discussion (Glazzard, Stokoe & Hughes,