Stanley Milgram's Memory Experiment

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In a well-known series of studies, a social psychologist Stanley Milgram in 1974 recruited men through local newspapers to participate in what was called a “memory experiment” at Yale University. The participants were told to only arrive at the lab to get the payment, once they were there the money was their’ s to keep. Once the participants were at the lab they were received by a man in a lab coat “the experimenter” who briefed them on the experiment. He informed them that the experiment was to observe the effects of punishment on memory. Participants were then assigned their roles at random by drawing slips of paper from a hat. Some participants were to be the “teacher,” whose job would be teaching a series of word pairs to the other participants, the “learner.” These word pairings were to be memorized, and punishment would be administered to the learner if he didn’t remember something. The punishment would be in the form of electrical shocks and would cause excruciating pain but the participants were informed that it would not cause permanent tissue damage. The experimenter showed the teacher, the learner in the next room who was seated on a chair with several electrodes attached to him for the electrical shocks. The experimenter and teacher then returned to the experimental room, where there was a shock delivery machine. The experimenter proceeded to instruct the teacher to read the first word of each word pair followed by four options. The learner’s task was to choose
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