Following the stereotypes, one can simplify the whole picture of the world and make it more comprehensible. But very often the stereotypes appear to be too generalized or wrong. One of the crucial social issues in the United States is constant racial stereotyping of ethnic minorities, which leads to the emergence of such phenomena as racism and discrimination. Brent Staples in his essay “Just Walk on By: Black Men and Public Space” and Judith Ortiz Cofer in her work “The Myth of the Latin Woman: Just Met a Girl Named Maria” both make several important observations about the biased attitude of the whites to ethnic minorities in the United States. Although both authors present their own life experiences and reveal the harmful consequences of racial stereotyping in the society their points of view on the ways of avoiding the conflict situations based on those misunderstandings are different.
and (d) How do your current attitudes and beliefs affect your interaction with other culturally diverse clients and people of the dominant culture? Most important, this model allows for investigation of clients ' level of conformity and idealized identification with the dominant culture as well as their rejection of their own culture.”
Stereotype a word that harbours judgements and ideas of how an individual or groups should act depending on factors such as social status, culture, sexual orientation and nationality. It is still used very often in today’s society but most of it consist of ideas that are proved to be false or exaggerated but nonetheless these unrealistic judgements are spread amongst society through propaganda, traditional and social media. In some circumstances, stereotypes can be extreme enough to incite prejudice, disrespect or even racism between people. Three stereotypes that I find to be to be really relevant in today’s society are directed towards the culture of Americans, Asians and Muslims. These stereotypes portray how these populaces act and what their characteristics should be or is.
Although the term stereotype was brought into English in the 20th century, now it is widely used everywhere. Generally stereotypes are simplified images or thoughts of a certain kind of person or thing. Usually a person who has stereotypes characterizes and then categorizes people by their race, gender, sexual orientation, religion or physical appearances. Stereotypes have a negative impact on people who are engaging it. The short story “Cathedral” by Raymond Carver along with “Flight Patterns” by Sherman Alexie show those negative impacts of stereotypes that not only affect the victims of stereotyping but also change the characters’ personality negatively.
You think the world is ultimately a just place; you will have a tendency to look for reasons to blame victims of inexplicable injustices. This is the concept of the cognitive bias “Just World Phenomenon”. The following example of Just World Phenomenon was presented to us while discussing the lecture on the different classifications of cognitive bias. During the discussion of Just World Phenomenon, examples were lacking to further explain, in more depth, about the actual bias. Curiosity was brought to my attention on the matter, wanting to comprehend the bias more thoroughly.
He uses the terms “overt racism” and “inferential racism” to describe how racism is still present in today’s culture (Omi 112). He defines inferential racism as “naturalized representations of events and situations relating to race” (Omi 113). These are the assumptions that people have towards others of different races. The use of the term “naturalized” in this context means to conform into reality. Paired with the term “representations,” means that humans create false ideas about certain things and these ideas slowly become a part of their reality and others.
The people from the Middle East are one particular example of a race that is that is depicted in a negative light. Arabs have many stereotypes that people tend to believe are true. The media is a very powerful tool of communication because it can show us other parts of the world that we normally don’t see on a regular basis. Therefore, people choose what they want to believe and what they want to accept as true
Burns believes that multiculturalism divides people because it allows different cultures to coexist with each other. Each culture has its own way of thinking, therefore they are prone to have differences between cultures if they don’t have the same ideology. This creates cultures to separate themselves and not be united as people really think. Moreover, multiculturalism also fosters discrimination. This is because multiculturalism segregates people into categories or groups.
Bias is a situation in which a party shows partiality or inclination towards a certain group of people concerning their race, gender, sexual orientation or any other aspect. Research done by Nelson (2009), supports that stereotyping is a certain way of thinking towards certain people in the community.This can be categorized in many aspects which may include race, gender and much more. For example, there may be a certain stereotype towards black people that insinuates that they are less intelligent than other races which lead them to be treated this way by the community. Discrimination involves an action taken against certain people based on any aspect.Discrimination can go from unjust employment practices to social service malpractice like preventing certain people from being treated in a certain hospital.
Within this discrimination, they are basically say that one kind is more likely to do one thing then another. There is evidence that“ ...even deep-seated stereotypes and unconscious biases can be eroded through both education and exposure to minorities who don’t fit common stereotypes...they can be contained when people are held accountable for their decisions. “(Fact Sheet). Racial profiling dehumanizes societies and is a bias act made by authorities. Using Racial profiling creates tension, especially when people are treated differently because of the way they look.
A single story according to Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, is a limited viewpoint. Instead of seeing other cultures and people as possessing multiple diverse experiences, single stories reduce certain cultures and people into a simple stereotype. Single stories should be replaced by multiple overlapping stories considering many people are different and some of these single stories are just unacceptable. Media plays a big part on this issue because it is very biased and focuses more on one issue rather than the big
I agree with Trudeau’s ideals of how national relationships should operate. In my view, it’s because some don’t prioritize interaction and being open with each other that our current society is plagued by a discriminative feature: stereotypes. The problem affects both our government and social society. Because of stereotypes, there are certain aspects expected from a person because of their race, beliefs, and/or culture. Stereotypes are widely known and are hard to get rid of since, some choose to be ignorant in learning the various types of people we will come to communicate with; their lack of knowledge would force them to use the information available to them, which are stereotypes.
Moreover, Foss explains critics seek to elucidate what the symbol teach society. The role of theory is employed differently in rhetorical criticism than in the other methodologies. The general use of theory is to explain the questions of why, or why a particular event or phenomena occurs (Sutton & Staw, 1995). Theory in rhetorical criticism is the particular lens the critic uses to evaluate and craft an argument. This effects how a rhetorical critic uses evidence to support their argument.
To explain these remarks we must first define prejudice. Prejudice is an opinion that was formed unreasonably about a person or a group of people. Cultural norms heavily influence our ideas, behaviors and values. And being in groups of like-minded individuals has the tendency to strengthen the beliefs one has. Even just one repetitive member has the ability to persuade the masses.
There are so many stereotypes attached to these groups of people that they have become the norm. An example of a stereotype would be that Middle Eastern individuals are often referred to as terrorist without having any real knowledge of the individual other than their physical appearance. This belief is completely irrational since we are generalizing this group of people as terrorists when in fact most are not. This stereotype can cause some to feel unspoken bias towards them. Another typically example would be when you see an African American or Mexican you might assume they are dangerous and involved in illegal activities.