1. The strength and weakness of the Aztecs played a role in why their empire was on top during their time before the Spaniards to over. The Aztecs were centralized in military and were stronger than the other neighbors around them. That’s why they had their empire on top because they were better fighters than their enemies. They required tribute payments, forced labor, and large scale of human sacrifices towards the enemies around them. The weakness they had was for having sacrifices of the neighbors around them when the Spaniards came they became allies with them because they wanted the Aztecs to fall they didn’t like the things the Aztecs were doing to them. The Spaniards had piece of armor covering the body from neck to waist, Horsemen, …show more content…
The Aztecs were having a festival to celebrate Huitzilopochtli their god and that’s where they usually do sacrifices. The Aztecs were strong and the youthful warriors and the festival was shown to the Spaniards. The Spaniards started the killing of the people dancing closing the exits away nowhere to run. A call of screaming happen to get the Aztecs ready for battle. The fighting broke out and they were able to push the Spaniards out and back to their place enclave. Aztecs should strength by pushing them out the Spaniards didn’t have a reliable supply of food and water. The Spaniards tried escaping through the city but were caught and they killed a lot of Spaniards to the point that the Aztecs believed the Spanish were gone for good. The Aztec warriors had a weakness of the disease of small pox forming this caused a lot of deaths towards them. Even though the Aztecs were having victories over the Spaniards and putting their heads on polls as well doing the same to their horses they were starting to have a problem of shortages of food and water, and having less …show more content…
The Aztec religion and culture affected the struggle against the Spaniards by the way they treated the people around them. They had control of the area and their neighbors weren’t as strong as them, and didn’t have a centralized military like the Aztecs. They had to their bidding like required tribute payments. They also forced them to do labor work for them. They also used people of the neighboring areas and used them as human sacrifices towards their religion and God Huitzilopochtli. So you could tell that the people who weren’t part of the Aztec empire didn’t like what they were doing to them, but didn’t have any power to fight back until the Spaniards and Cortez wanted to take them over. So all the neighboring areas were siding with the Spaniards over the Aztecs they wanted the empire to fall. Even the enemies of the Aztecs were joining forces with the Spaniards to fight against the Aztecs because they wanted the empire to fall. The Tlaxcalans hated the Aztecs and were the ones that joined forces with the Spaniards. It played a negative role in their struggle because the way that they mistreated other people not in their empire made them to be hated. It got to the point that no one liked them, and a big cause was their religion which had human sacrifices. It would be understandable if they scarified anyone, but they killed people that weren’t part of them. It became a war between the Aztecs and everyone else, and with the causes of diseases and outnumbering of
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
On May 22, Hernan Cortes and his military forces stormed the great Aztec city, Tenochtitlan. Hernan Cotes did this for gold, God, and glory. The Aztecs were fighting a losing battle that only lasted 93 days before defeat, in total it is estimated that only 100 Spaniards lost their lives, but 100,000 Aztecs lost their lives. Therefore, Spanish military technology severely affected the fall of the Aztec civilisation because the Aztecs didn’t have advanced Military technology as the Spanish did like advanced ships, armour, weapons, and tactics.
The Aztec Army The Aztecs, considered to be the most powerful people back in their time, were a very established civilization that worked as a group to get things done. The Aztecs (in their eyes) were very approachable people. On the other hand, in the eyes of the Spanish and the Spanish priests, they were seen as cannibals and savages due to their practices and their religious beliefs. Although, when the time came, the Aztec army was a force to be reckoned with. With hundreds of thousands of trained soldiers at the ready, it seemed as if the Aztecs were invincible when it came to warfare, but with this many troops there had to be organization within the battle, enough training prior to ensure success, enough hand-held weapons, and advanced
A possible reason for why the Spanish conquered the Aztecs was the Spanish wanted to spread Christianity. Two sources corroborate that Spain wanted to spread Christianity. According to Document A, it says “There is to be a church and a chaplain entrusted with indoctrinating and teaching them our Holy Catholic faith.” The government was paying for the churches and making sure the culture is spread from town to town. As a result of the churches being established in the Aztec Empire, the Aztecs have to practice the religion and learning the culture of Spain.
A century after Columbus made the Americas known to Europe, the Spaniards sent out additional ships to explore and bring back wealth and knowledge. However, Hérnan Cortés, the leader of this expedition, did not follow his mission. He first conquered a city on the coast and moved inward to continue overtaking the Aztec empire (Lecture?). The moment Cortés and his men touched the land, European diseases such as smallpox and yellow fever began decimating the Aztecs, who had never built up immunities. In addition to this, there had already been drought, causing a shortage of food and water throughout the empire.
When Hernando Cortes arrived in the New world he was greeted by a totally alien and unfamiliar culture. The Aztec people of Mesoamerica had similar infrastructure to Cortes’s native Spain, but the culture of the Aztecs was shocking to some of the Spanish who first encountered it. The Aztecs also had resources valuable to the Spanish. This difference in culture is what allowed the Spaniards to rationalize their decision to annihilate the Aztecs in order to gain access to their resources. The Spanish had just retaken the Iberian peninsula as part of the reconquista, and they had gained a strong sense of nationalism as part of that conquest (Gibbs).
The Aztecs’ religion is what got them into the most trouble. They sacrificed humans for their Gods, which was wrong in the Spaniards’ eyes (and mine too). They also were very superstitious .The Aztecs may have won the battle against the Spaniards if they too had advanced weaponry and battle tactics. The Aztecs and the Spaniards were vastly different people, however they had similarities.
The Aztecs government was an government that expected tributes as pay for being a Aztec. The Aztec empire’s power was split between many figures of control. The Aztec empire was split into city-states called Altepetl and controlled by Tlatoanis/supreme leaders and Cihuacoatl/supreme judges. Though having an organized government, the Aztecs were sadly conquered by the Spanish Conquistadors lead by Cortes between the years 1519-1521. The ratio of the army of the Spanish Conquistadors and the Aztecs greatly differed in the Aztecs favor.
Political (Leadership, citizenship, decision-making institutions) There was a strong military force with men that were trained since they were young. People rebeled against the emperor Leaders: (Include Name, Time period and achievements) Montezuma II was the emperor of the aztecs in . He was brutal leader because he always asked for sacrifices for the gods which is why they were always at war with others. This caused the people
“The Spanish had the advantage of superior weaponry. Aztec arrows were no match for the Spaniards’ muskets and cannons” (McDougal 556). In their area, the Aztec civilization had a reputation of successful rulers, and handmade yet powerful weapons. Even so, Spanish conquistadors were able to beat them without much effort because of their advanced weaponry. Any survivors were forced to live in fear of others coming from Europe and killing them with manufactured weaponry.
The Spanish, despite giving the Aztecs permission to hold the celebration, were “seized with an urge to kill the celebrants” and ensued with the trapping and massacre of the Aztec celebrants (The Broken Spears, The Spaniards Attack the Celebrants). The Spanish hunted down and slaughtered every celebrant, even though the Aztecs were not a threat to them and posed no harm. The diametric responses to the inequality between the Aztecs and the Spaniards is clear: the Aztecs are submissive and respectful towards the Spanish, and often resort to hiding out of fear. In contrast, the Spanish are needlessly aggressive, avaricious, and intimidating; they demand gold, destroy the meaningful treasures of the Aztecs, seize Motecuhzoma’s treasures, and violently
The Aztecs were just doing their own thing when the Spanish attacked the festival performers then the Aztecs responded by attacking back at the Spanish many of the Mexica died in this battle. Montezuma then told the other leader to tell the Mexica to not fight against the Spanish because they had better weapons, armor and allies. The Aztecs begged the leaders to let them have their fiesta so the Spanish allowed them to because they wanted to see how the fiesta was performed. I think the real reason was that the Spanish wanted to kill the performer secretly. The Aztecs wanted to impress the Spanish so they did so well that the Spanish just killed the dancers of the fiesta inside of the temple.
The author gives insight on how many ways the Spaniards used their power to assist in the downfall of the Aztecs. The reason why the Spaniards became victorious, was because the Spaniards were looked upon as if they were gods because of their outer appearance. The Aztecs broke bread and welcomed the Spaniards with gifts and parties. The Aztecs triggered their relationship with the Spaniards by holding a ritual for the arrival of the god which included a human sacrifice. The Spaniards didn’t agree with the rituals and began to despise the Aztecs.
The odd part is that the Aztec welcomed their doom because they thought that the white Europeans were gods. They gave Cortes a secret weapon which was A Mayan woman named Malintzin who could speak the Aztec language. With that, Cortes could forge incredible alliances. “Cortes killed faster than he could purchase or commandeer” (Stannard 81). The invisible
Aztecs had a wide majority of power over Southern Mexico, Guatemala, and Yucatan. Spanish arrived in Mexico in 1519, and wanted to take advantage of the massive amount of silver, the mines produced in the Aztec’s land. In South America, ingitis labor was cheaper, so it was beneficial to the Spanish to use these people to work in the mines to earn them high valued items that they can take back to the Old
The tribes that lived closest to them mostly feared them because of their high thirst for human blood. As we have been able to learn more about the Aztecs, we have been able to learn and see how they were terrible and magnificent people at the same time. The Aztec are mostly known for being murderers to other humans, their treatment of women, and their double standard of gender. If you are able to look past these horrible