1.0 Introduction 1.1 Background of the Issue This purpose of this report is to examine the effects of the legalization of abortion on society. Abortion is the deliberate act of killing or removing the embryo from the uterus with the intention of ending a pregnancy (‘Abortion’ 2015). A survey about reasons women choose abortion shows most women do not wish for a child to cause a drastic change in her life (Finer 2005). An equal number of women chose abortion due to financial difficulties.
Abortion is a very controversial topic that has taken the main stage in US politics once again. Recently, new Republican politicians have taken power and have decided to ban abortion. There are two fields of ideas on abortion. One being that it is the murder of an innocent fetus, and that it is completely unethical. The second school of thought is that abortion is a right for women, and that it is ethical.
Abortion is a term that deliver prematurely, end of pregnancy were the result shows no childbirth due to many reasons, divided into the medical need or to the mother self perception, so is abortion an ethical issue? It is considered an ethical dilemma? There are many opinion about how and when abortion can conduct. A wide-ranging agreement present, however, abortion is acceptable in the limit of medical issues as a result of miscarriage, birth defects or when it’s danger on the mother health. Abortion can be useful in several ways, the presenting of medical reasons is enough to have the procedure.
They think it is the invasion of the rights of women. This group wants abortion to remain legal and accessible as they think that everyone has a right to choose whether they want to keep the baby or kill
(procon.org) One of the first reasons I don’t support abortion is that abortion defines the meaning of life and death. Kerby discusses in her article “Arguments against Abortion” medical reasons why abortion should not be legalized, he asked an important question that should have a strict answer within our community, isn’t death declared with a cessation of a heartbeat? Then why doesn’t onset of a heartbeat define life? And if a heartbeat defines life, then abortion should definitely be outlawed.
If a woman did not choose to engage in sexual activity in the first place, why should she have to carry to term a child that was the result of her forced union? Rape and incest are horrific wrongs. A woman, violated in a sexual assault should be surrounded by love and support. Women are often expected to be inferior to men and to the government. In the grand scheme of things, abortion is a woman’s choice.
The issue of abortion is an ongoing debate in the U.S, that involves a variety of moral, social, and legal issues. The ethics surrounding the procedure are frequently disputed and people often question whether abortion should remain a legal option for terminating pregnancies. Proponents of abortion, favor unrestricted access and contend that it’s a woman’s right to choose what she does with her body. On the other hand, opponents seek to ban the practice and argue that deliberately ending an unborn child’s life is morally wrong. While abortion provides essential medical and social benefits to women, it also deprives an innocent child of the right to life.
Before Roe versus Wade in 1973, if a young woman became pregnant but did not want or could not support the child, the common decision in the United States was to give the child up for adoption. The mother would hardly have thought to do otherwise, and killing the innocent child would likely be last in her mind. Sadly, that destruction of innocent life is what is happening in our world today. If a mother does not want her child, the choice to have an abortion is made on various occasions.
ANALYSIS The author argues that the debate of cultural relativism towards women’s human rights raced from the fundamental arguments of women’s rights in order to control their bodies, free from the constraints of others, whether they are the community or family members. “The reservations were predominantly motivated by religious objections (based in Islam and Catholicism) to abortion and family planning services. “ In my opinion, Oonagh’s argument is not that strong, it is not completely right and not completely wrong also. Her argument is not fully acceptable towards the society.
Hippocrates considered termination of pregnancy as unethical. Hippocrates believes whether fetus in womb has rights to live before viability. In any condition the embryo or fetus of any age is protected by Hippocratic code. “I will maintain the utmost respect for human life, from the time of conception.” Most of the opposed of abortion argue based on the following concept:
When the counter arguments of Pro-Choice reasoning, Pro-Life viewpoint, is analyzed there are multiple logical fallacies and false statements which are used which make their argument less valid. Firstly, the Pro-Life advocates use the texas sharpshooter fallacy when making the point that abortions cause women to have greater physiological damage later on in life. They use statistics that specifically support their argument without addressing any other specifics: “A 2008 peer-reviewed study published in the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health found that "Young adult women who undergo... abortion may be at increased risk for subsequent depression"” (Pro & Con Arguments). This is very misleading data because there is also ‘data’ which shows that women who don’t get abortions have physiological and emotional damage: “A Sep. 2013 peer-reviewed study comparing the mental health of women who received abortions to women denied abortions found that women who were denied abortions "felt more regret and anger" and "less relief and happiness" than women who had abortions” (Pro & Con Arguments). Since data can be used for both sides of the argument it makes this point completely invalid.
Their interpretation of the opposition’s limitation of abortion is as a n act of war on women. The framing of the war on women narrative details that the right wing political sphere seeks to limit and control the bodies of women’s nation-wide. Which is partly-factual correct given that a woman’s right to terminate a pregnancy is an exercise of choice. The left’s pro-choice is not to be confused with pro-abortion, pro-choice is simply respecting the decision to obtain an abortion or not under one’s free accord and leisure. In its most literal form, it is an observation of the constitutional right to have an abortion if one pleases and in defense of this liberty granted by constitutional powers that
In “A Defense for Abortion,” Judith Jarvis Thomson grants those who are against abortion the right that personhood starts at conception but goes on to argue for the permissibility of abortion by complicating the personhood argument. In this paper I will argue for the defense of abortion by first explaining Thomson’s famous violinist case, then I will criticize her argument. Thomson begins laying out her argument by first describing the main focus when interpreting if abortion is permissible or not. This is if the fetus is a person bearing full rights, and at what point is it considered a person (Thomson, 48).
States do this in order to protect the rights of the human being that is growing inside the woman, because they cannot fully protect it due to the national law. The two most popular laws on restriction of abortion are laws regarding when an abortion can be performed and laws requiring parental knowledge or consent if the individual requesting an abortion is a minor. Currently, forty-two of the fifty states have laws regarding the week at which a woman can have an abortion. Twenty-one of these states allow abortion up until “viability of the fetus” or the ability for the fetus to live outside of the womb (NationalJournal.com).
Abortion, the ending of a pregnancy by removing the fetus before it is able to survive on its own. The topic of abortion is an ongoing touchy subject between those who believe it should be illegal and those who say it should be an option. There are many factors that play into the controversy of abortion. In the book Defending Life: A Moral and Legal Case against Abortion Choice by Francis J. Beckwith is an antiabortionist and believe abortion is not the answer. In this article the authors use argumentative strategies mainly being the rhetorical appeals, some subtle rebuttals are mentioned.