1.0 Introduction 1.1 Background of the Issue This purpose of this report is to examine the effects of the legalization of abortion on society. Abortion is the deliberate act of killing or removing the embryo from the uterus with the intention of ending a pregnancy (‘Abortion’ 2015). A survey about reasons women choose abortion shows most women do not wish for a child to cause a drastic change in her life (Finer 2005). An equal number of women chose abortion due to financial difficulties. Nowadays, women have access to safe and legal abortion, but for women who wanted an abortion in the late 19th century, that was not the case.
Abortion is a very controversial topic that has taken the main stage in US politics once again. Recently, new Republican politicians have taken power and have decided to ban abortion. There are two fields of ideas on abortion. One being that it is the murder of an innocent fetus, and that it is completely unethical. The second school of thought is that abortion is a right for women, and that it is ethical.
“Ethics is the study of how the society can think, understand, and examine its norms and practices with regard to living a moral life” (nathaniel, 2008). Abortion is a term that deliver prematurely, end of pregnancy were the result shows no childbirth due to many reasons, divided into the medical need or to the mother self perception, so is abortion an ethical issue? It is considered an ethical dilemma? There are many opinion about how and when abortion can conduct. A wide-ranging agreement present, however, abortion is acceptable in the limit of medical issues as a result of miscarriage, birth defects or when it’s danger on the mother health.
This sparked a lot of controversy and organizations like National Organization for Women opposed this strongly. They think it is the invasion of the rights of women. This group wants abortion to remain legal and accessible as they think that everyone has a right to choose whether they want to keep the baby or kill
Various opinions that are worth thinking and considering exists in the argument of abortion although it is religiously refused, medically unsafe, and irresponsible, some people still regard it as a woman’s right. (procon.org) One of the first reasons I don’t support abortion is that abortion defines the meaning of life and death. Kerby discusses in her article “Arguments against Abortion” medical reasons why abortion should not be legalized, he asked an important question that should have a strict answer within our community, isn’t death declared with a cessation of a heartbeat? Then why doesn’t onset of a heartbeat define life? And if a heartbeat defines life, then abortion should definitely be outlawed.
If a woman did not choose to engage in sexual activity in the first place, why should she have to carry to term a child that was the result of her forced union? Rape and incest are horrific wrongs. A woman, violated in a sexual assault should be surrounded by love and support. Women are often expected to be inferior to men and to the government. In the grand scheme of things, abortion is a woman’s choice.
The issue of abortion is an ongoing debate in the U.S, that involves a variety of moral, social, and legal issues. The ethics surrounding the procedure are frequently disputed and people often question whether abortion should remain a legal option for terminating pregnancies. Proponents of abortion, favor unrestricted access and contend that it’s a woman’s right to choose what she does with her body. On the other hand, opponents seek to ban the practice and argue that deliberately ending an unborn child’s life is morally wrong. While abortion provides essential medical and social benefits to women, it also deprives an innocent child of the right to life.
Before Roe versus Wade in 1973, if a young woman became pregnant but did not want or could not support the child, the common decision in the United States was to give the child up for adoption. The mother would hardly have thought to do otherwise, and killing the innocent child would likely be last in her mind. Sadly, that destruction of innocent life is what is happening in our world today. If a mother does not want her child, the choice to have an abortion is made on various occasions. The primary argument against abortion is the fact that it is taking the life of an innocent child.
ANALYSIS The author argues that the debate of cultural relativism towards women’s human rights raced from the fundamental arguments of women’s rights in order to control their bodies, free from the constraints of others, whether they are the community or family members. “The reservations were predominantly motivated by religious objections (based in Islam and Catholicism) to abortion and family planning services.“ In my opinion, Oonagh’s argument is not that strong, it is not completely right and not completely wrong also. Her argument is not fully acceptable towards the society. Why? First, there is a country that against the argument of Oonagh regarding to abortion.
They believe that human life begins at conception and based on generally contend that abortion is morally wrong because it kills human life. Hippocrates considered termination of pregnancy as unethical. Hippocrates believes whether fetus in womb has rights to live before viability. In any condition the embryo or fetus of any age is protected by Hippocratic code. “I will maintain the utmost respect for human life, from the time of conception.” Most of the opposed of abortion argue based on the following concept: 1- A Fetus has the right to be considered as human being.
When the counter arguments of Pro-Choice reasoning, Pro-Life viewpoint, is analyzed there are multiple logical fallacies and false statements which are used which make their argument less valid. Firstly, the Pro-Life advocates use the texas sharpshooter fallacy when making the point that abortions cause women to have greater physiological damage later on in life. They use statistics that specifically support their argument without addressing any other specifics: “A 2008 peer-reviewed study published in the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health found that "Young adult women who undergo... abortion may be at increased risk for subsequent depression"” (Pro & Con Arguments). This is very misleading data because there is also ‘data’ which shows that women who don’t get abortions have physiological and emotional damage: “A Sep. 2013 peer-reviewed study comparing the mental health of women who received abortions to women denied abortions found that women who were denied abortions "felt more regret and anger" and "less relief and happiness" than women who had abortions” (Pro & Con Arguments). Since data can be used for both sides of the argument it makes this point completely invalid.
Their interpretation of the opposition’s limitation of abortion is as a n act of war on women. The framing of the war on women narrative details that the right wing political sphere seeks to limit and control the bodies of women’s nation-wide. Which is partly-factual correct given that a woman’s right to terminate a pregnancy is an exercise of choice. The left’s pro-choice is not to be confused with pro-abortion, pro-choice is simply respecting the decision to obtain an abortion or not under one’s free accord and leisure. In its most literal form, it is an observation of the constitutional right to have an abortion if one pleases and in defense of this liberty granted by constitutional powers that
In “A Defense for Abortion,” Judith Jarvis Thomson grants those who are against abortion the right that personhood starts at conception but goes on to argue for the permissibility of abortion by complicating the personhood argument. In this paper I will argue for the defense of abortion by first explaining Thomson’s famous violinist case, then I will criticize her argument. Thomson begins laying out her argument by first describing the main focus when interpreting if abortion is permissible or not. This is if the fetus is a person bearing full rights, and at what point is it considered a person (Thomson, 48). Those who are against abortion typically argue that a fetus is a person, bearing full rights, at the time of conception.
States do this in order to protect the rights of the human being that is growing inside the woman, because they cannot fully protect it due to the national law. The two most popular laws on restriction of abortion are laws regarding when an abortion can be performed and laws requiring parental knowledge or consent if the individual requesting an abortion is a minor. Currently, forty-two of the fifty states have laws regarding the week at which a woman can have an abortion. Twenty-one of these states allow abortion up until “viability of the fetus” or the ability for the fetus to live outside of the womb (NationalJournal.com). For laws regarding parental consent or knowledge about an abortion if the patient is a minor, twenty-one states require parental consent, twelve states require parental notification, and five states require both.