The author, Molly Merryman, earned her Ph.D., from Bowling Green State University in 1995 in American Culture Studies. She teaches at Kent State, and is associated with History and Justice Studies, American Studies, and Women’s programs. She is also a documentary film maker, who has received national and international screenings and awards, along with three Emmys. Merryman’s book, Clipped Wings, includes a useful index, that has cross-referencing for both topics and names. The bibliography of this book is organized into categories of different sources, such as articles, books, government documents, etc. However, this bibliography is not annotated. The author used about seventy-five percent of secondary sources, and around twenty-five percent
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“Before the Civil War, laws and traditions restricted women’s choices.” In the passage “Breaking Tradition” by Kathleen Ernst women’s restrictions during the Civil War time are addressed through many ways of telling what they wore and relation back to their jobs, and how they began to protest these ways. Though their rights were restricted, the author was very effective with backing up how the Civil War changed the way women and their rights. In the very beginning of the passage Kathleen Ernst tells how the women in the time of the war had restricted lives and were treated unfairly.
Chapter 16 of Exploring American Histories shows us the diversity among women’s roles. For example, women in a household were expected to cook meals, can fruits and vegetables, as well as wash and iron clothes. In relation to Exploring American Histories, we are taught in Zipf’s book that the institution of Samarcand Manor also helped women incorporate the duties they were expected to do in their households. Women who obeyed were simply treated better than those who did not. Women who showed outstanding abilities in their field were given the right to participate in leisure activities.
Pre-Civil War, period in which reformers emerged to fight against slavery, and the elimination of racial and gender discrimination. They wanted to create a change in society to get a better world for future generations. More significantly, reformers created campaigns to "reduce drinking, establish prisons, create public schools, educate the deaf and the blind, abolish slavery, and extend equal rights to women (Digital History). " Then, inequality between white or black, women or men, rich or poor are the common differences that society is facing from long ago. This is the case of Sue Monk Kidd, who presents a story from the nineteenth century.
When comparing Dwight Okita’s “In response to Executive Order: 9066” and William Yellowrobe’s “The Star Quilter”, it is easy to see the differences between the texts, but what is shocking is all of the similarities. Both Yellowrobe and Okita pick very controversial times in America as their scene and discuss the troubling events going on in that time. Although there are clear differences in their works, they share many feelings and messages. William Yellowrobe’s “The Star Quilter” features the interaction between two women, one Native American and the other Caucasian, in their 30s. The most crucial aspect of the two women’s conversations are the microaggressions that Luanne, the Caucasian women, is constantly berating Mona, the Native American
But now the Bracelets’ upturned noses suggested that there was another America to which we could never gain admittance” (298). These are girls whose families are immigrants, like Cal. They are at the end of the social spectrum because they eat different foods, and look different than those of the Charm bracelets, and Kilt
In “Women of Color and the Reproductive Rights Movement”, author Jennifer Nelson takes the readers back to the Unites States in the mid to late nineteenth century, where the feminist movement began to focus on the reproductive rights of women. Feminists argued that abortion was the decision of the woman who was with child, and her alone. However, several politicians disagreed with the ideology of these women. The author meticulously analyzes the rise of reproductive rights, the feminist movement, and reveals to her readers the essential involvement of women of color in these former issues between the years 1960 and 1980. Nelson begins her book by introducing a feminist organization called the “Redstockings”, who believed that it was wrong
The article Bloody Terrain: Freedwomen, Sexuality and Violence during Reconstruction was written by Catherine Clinton, who is a teacher in the Afro-American Studies Department at Harvard University. In her article, she addresses the mistreatment of freedwomen during the period of Reconstruction as well the legal injustice inflicted upon them. This article was to inform the reader of these transgressions and represent the full history of the Reconstruction period. Within this article are some of the few memoirs of freedwomen and their mistreatments, revealing the true injustice of this period.
America, unfortunately, has a past stained with the cruel treatment of many different groups of people, from the relocation of American Indians and slavery of Africans in the 19th century. This pattern became evident when the United States issued the forced internment of Japanese-American citizens after the attack on Pearl Harbor. The common denominator of these unconstitutional ransoms of civil liberties lies with racial and ethnic dehumanization. In Mary Matsuda Gruenewald’s book, Looking Like the Enemy, she illustrates the dark injustices with her personal account of Japanese-American internment. Just three months after the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, President Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066.
The taxing nature of “southern womanhood” is demonstrated in every aspect of the 19th century. During the era of slavery women were conditioned to withstanding the emotional toll of violence towards slaves. An illustration from (DuBois 215) Through Women’s Eyes provides and illustration of a women beating a slave and consequently a women being beaten by a man for doing so. This is the pinnacle of hypocrisy, being that despite the ideals of “southern womanhood” a women is taught that violence is only ok against slaves, although when put into application it is prohibited. In the 19th the south had been going through a lot of change and the hardships and as a result the most effected were southern woman and female slaves, as they received the
This display is consistent with the hegemonic discourse that women are meant to be married, attentive to their families, and dependent of their husbands for financial support. With these themes present in classic American media it is evident what the ruling class thought of women, and is consistent with social issues women faced in this era such as equal opportunity in the workplace, and financial independence. Women were “legally subject to their husbands via ‘head and master laws,’ and they had no legal right to any of their husbands' earnings or property, aside from a limited right to ‘proper support’; husbands, however, would control their wives' property and earnings. If the marriage deteriorated, divorce was difficult to obtain, as ‘no-fault’ divorce was not an option, forcing women to prove wrongdoing on the part of their husbands in order to get divorced.”
Devastation of Sanctity in Cultural Institutions: A Thematic Study of Whelan’s Homeless Bird ABSTRACT The paper makes an attempt to expose the gruesome reality of annihilation of sanctity in cultural institutions such as marriage, education and religion through Gloria Whelan’s novel Homeless Bird. These institutions crush women’s individuality and drive them to a subservient status rather than provide security to them. They intensify sufferings to women instead of ensuring happiness to them.
In the reading from We Are Your Sisters: Black Women in the Nineteenth Century, Dorothy Sterling explores the many experiences of mainly African American women during the period of the Reconstruction era. Sterling states “whites put aside random acts of violence in favor of organized terror.” She focuses a lot on those experiences that involves the Ku Klux Klan (who were the organization responsible for these organized terror) and in a way, it seems fair because they were the main perpetrators of hate crimes against the African American community. The first few examples provided in the reading offer accounts of African American women whose husbands are often targets of the Ku Klux Klan because they were politicians or high-profile radicals in the South.
Friedan’s Chapter One and Two Karly Marin Sacramento State University Communication Studies Major Gender Ideology Introduction Women play a pivotal role in the growth and development of social, economic and political spheres. There are countable women in the history of the world who have made remarkable contributions to the various spheres. Their accounts are recorded in books, magazines and journals amongst others. The Feminine Mystique is one of the books that received a wide audience in the 1950s.
Deep in a swarm of 500,000 women, men, and children; a small huddle of girls headed by lead singer MILCK sang their song “Quiet”, loudly, for all the world to hear during the Women’s March on Washington in 2017. Their voices carried a tune of faith, hope, and power, which Jill Lapore echoed in her work “Wars Within”. Lapore’s writing is essential to providing significant insight into the election of 2017 by connecting to past historical moments which many members of James Madison’s student body can recollect and link to the severity of the election results. Lapore uses the connections between the civil war era and present day America to tie together the presence of inequality in simple historical terms. The usage of this connection allows for readers to compare cause and solution to possibly be persuaded to enact change as Fredrick Douglass did in the past.
My reaction: While working through this sections reading, videos, and other material, I felt ill to my stomach thinking about how Native American women are suffering so greatly. Their culture and beliefs were stolen away from them by colonization, which lead to a plethora of other problems such as violence and a loss of say in their culture. My Analysis: The Native American culture was a mostly egalitarian society before colonization took place.