Summary Of Poverty And Peacemaking Terminology: Beyond Mainstream Criminology

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In the world of criminology, critical analysis and examination of scholarly works are fundamental to expanding knowledge and stimulating intellectual discourse. This review seeks to provide a critical evaluation of the article titled “Poverty and Peacemaking Criminology: Beyond Mainstream Criminology” written by John F. Wozniak. The article discusses the need to address the dire inequalities affecting children and families living in poverty-stricken neighbourhoods, specifically in relation to the link between poverty and crime. Wozniak draws on various criminology theories and perspectives to shed light on the issue. In this critical article review, we will outline key arguments proposed within, weigh up their limitations and reflect on their …show more content…

The author focuses on links between poverty and crime and emphasises the urgent need for further research into the challenges faced by people living in poverty-stricken communities. Such argument is consistent throughout start to finish of his article. One of Wozniaks important emphasises relate to environmental criminology, one that explores how actual criminal events involve interactions between motivated individuals and social, economic, legal and physical surroundings. The passage suggests that factors in environmental criminology should be injected and addressed by peacemaking criminologists as they may aid in understanding links between poverty, crime and the environment. Proposed integration of ideas related to radical criminology may also provide assistance as they take into consideration any social contexts, ultimately providing a great deal of better understanding. However, such emphasis on the structural factors of environmental poverty may downplay any role of individual agency – while the socio-economic conditions are undoubtably of concern, its crucial to note that people have self agency and are capable of decision making. Individuals can easily make their own choices and alleviate criminal behaviour. With greater focus on peacemaking …show more content…

(2007). Class, race, gender, and crime: The social realities of justice in America (2nd ed.). Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefiel. Beirne, P., & Messerschmidt, J. W. (2006). Criminology (4th ed.). Los Angeles: Roxbury. Fuller, J. R., & Wozniak, J. F. (2006). Peacemaking criminology: Past, present, and future. In F. T. Cullen, J. P. Wright & K. R. Blevins (Eds.), Taking stock: The status of criminological theory, advances in criminological theory (Vol. 15, pp. 251–273). New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction. Kramer, R. C. (1985). Defining the concept of crime: A humanistic perspective. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 12(September), 469–487. Wozniak, J.F. (2008) ‘Poverty and peacemaking criminology: Beyond mainstream criminology’, Critical Criminology, 16(3), pp. 209–223.

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