Lawlessness was what ruled the lands until order was settled in, through the system. As a way to control, officials began utilizing criminal law to their advantage, by forcing freed slaves back to captivity, under the state’s control. With no actual prison, politicians, businessmen, and sheriffs took it upon themselves to use the prisoners for what they thought better. Injustice and violence against the African American population was popular in many states, especially in the South, where groups not only used political influence to downgrade the rights of African Americans but also, arson, intimidation and lynching. This might have been one of the “better” moments that characterized Mississippi’s racial injustice.
Art is a form of expressing the inner feelings, emotions, and imaginations. Artists such as James McDougal Hart and Mattie Luo O’Kelley delivered strong messages and relived memories of the past through their artworks. Mattie O’Kelley is an American, folk artist who painted the Yardsale in 1979. Much like her other works, it portrays a busy country scene from her early life in rural Georgia. James McDougal Hart is another landscape artist and a Scottish-born American cattle painter.
In Michelle Alexander’s talk, she described how discrimination becomes legalized once individuals become branded as a felon. As a result of a felony conviction, tons of offenders lose their right to vote, right to serve on jury, right to be free on legal discrimination regarding housing, and access to education. These restrictions connect to the systems of privilege, as it reinforces the stigma against felons while the social power of law enforcement agencies rises. The systems of privilege get maintained with the use of social control. According to statistics that Alexander gathered, African American males were the ones mostly affected by the felon disenfranchisement laws.
In The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man, the narrator, James Weldon Johnson, makes the decision to live life disguised as a white man after seeing and experiencing the troubles that hound the African-Americans after the abolition of slavery. In Lalita Tademy’s Cane River, a slave family struggles to survive through their enslavement and the aftermaths of the Emancipation Proclamation. Throughout both of these stories, white people are disrespectful to the black people despite them deserving respect. Occasionally, this disrespect festers and turns into unjustified hatred. Through the gloom of death in The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man and Cane River, one can see how prejudice is devastating to everything that stands in its path.
Author J.D Vance, born and raised in Middletown, Ohio, grew up a hillbilly. He, unlike many others in his area, however, was able to break free from the detrimental culture of the white poor. Through education and perseverance, he has come to write a memoir with the purpose of enlightening readers about the true lives of hillbillies. Vance’s ability to fluently utilize tone and diction contributes to the purpose of the memoir, for his vivid anecdotes allow the reader to experience the culture vicariously through him. The author also produces a cultural notion with respect to the American Dream; he employs that, contrary to popular belief, that dream can still be achieved today.
When a Southern Town Broke a Heart In the short story When a Southern Town Broke a Heart by Jacqueline Woodson, the reader learns about Woodson’s memories of being a young black girl in the early 70’s who travels to the south every summer and she feels that even though she lives in Brooklyn, her real home is there in the southern town of Greenville, South Carolina where her grandmother lives. A central theme of the short story is that the innocence of youth protects us from reality. One way Woodson starts to convey the theme is when early in the story she brings up what “home” was to her when she was young. How Woodson thinks about what her home is to her changes when the reality that has been hidden from her while being a little kid is revealed at age 9.
Chapter 3: Song of Solomon Illuminating Quote: Plot Analysis: Allusion: A brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary, or political significance. Example: Milkman walks into the barbershop and hears the men talking about a Northerner visiting the South named Till. All the men talk how he was stomped to death for whistling at a white lady Function: This shows the problems going on, and talks about the killing of Emmett Till in Mississippi. The allusion shows the struggles that many African-Americans have compared to the Dead family and their issues.
In the recent years, the controversial belief of whether or not Mexicans are taking employment opportunities away from Americans has been vocal issue now more than ever. This may have been sparked by the presidential race of 2017, in which a candidate ran using this controversial belief as a campaign “slogan” that caused outrage amongst some Americans. Jimmy Santiago Baca’s poem “So Mexicans are taking Jobs from Americans” is relevant to today’s argument within our society even though this poem was written many years ago. Jimmy speaks to his audience in a bitter tone, who I perceive to be those who are protesting against those who are Mexican living in the United States.
What is going on at the beginning of the story? In the beginning of the story, the middle-aged Rosa, the young Stella, and the infant Magda are walking as a family through the cold and harshness of winter. They are walking because they are captured jews toward a concentration camp. The author indirectly hints this to the reader by writing, “hair nearly as yellow as the Star sewn into Rosa’s coat.
Throughout his poem Let America Be America Again, Langston Hughes uses many literary devices such as extended metaphors, repetition and rhyme to emphasize the various emotions he associates with America. He begins with “let America be America again. Let it be the dream it used to be.” (1-2) and goes on to say “O, let my land be a land where Liberty is crowned with no false patriotic wreath, but opportunity is real, and life is free, equality is in the air we breathe. (There’s never been equality for me, nor freedom in this ‘homeland of the free’.)”
The poem mentions a flower, one that is “unsweetened by rain, untarnished by simpering, uncuckolded by men” (Maracle 156), pointing out to the reader that the flower is tenacious regardless of the situation that it is placed in. Maracle intentionally chooses a flower to represent the Chinese, as oftentimes a flower is symbolizes “strength and courageousness” (Koehn 1952) in chinese culture, revealing the respect that Maracle has for the Chinese. A discriminatory act upon the Chinese was the racial segregation into Chinatown during the time of the gold rush and the building of the railroad. Overtime, the segregation caused many Chinese to be silenced, fearing for their lives. Maracle chooses to dedicate the poem to Sky Lee and Jim Wong-Chu to show gratitude for the developments they have made towards encouraging the Chinese community to speak out against
If fifty people were put into the same room and made to experience the same thing, every person would have a different story. The things that are endured shape the characters, but how they choose to cope with what is handed to them, shapes them even more. The characters featured the most in Storming Heaven are going through rough things, but each character is different. The two poems that were selected were A Place with Promise and Tobacco and Curry Leaves, both of these show how a place can shape a person. The environment that the characters are in contribute to how they act, how they live, and the type of people they are around.
We’re all separated, living different lives, but we’re good and stable. Others just know the outcome of how my family is right now while a few know the whole story. My home has so many memories I don’t want to remember, but it has shaped who I am today, especially being separated from my little brother and the events leading up to it. In Joan Didion, “On Going Home”, the author talks about how difficult it is going back home to her family in the Central Valley of California and how uneasy it gets going back.
Capitalization and Pronouns Gwendolyn Brooks employs the use of capitalization and pronouns in her poem “A Bronzeville Mother Loiters in Mississippi. Meanwhile a Mississippi Mother Burns Bacon” as a way to demonstrate the tensions between white femininity and black masculinity in the south during the era directly preceding the Civil Rights Movement. During this time, the white man was afforded the ability to dominate over the word of white women and black men. Throughout this poem, Brooks portrays the complex dimensions that race and gender played in the murder of Emmett Till.
Furthermore, the narrator uses repetitive words throughout the poem to emphasize his emotional state. The soldier emphasizes that “[Fear] will turn your heart black you can trust” (lines 30). The tone indicated in line 30 is very depressing because the soldier seems to have lost any bit of hope he has left. The narrator repeats this sentence in the poem multiple times indicating that it is important for him to inform the reader that he is not feeling well due to his depression. Many individuals in life have experienced some form of depression when they have hit a low point in their life and question whether it is worth living.