The book Survival of the Sickest was written by Sharon Moalem, an evolutionary biologist and neurogeneticist. Dr. Moalem earned his PhD is Human Physiology, specializing in neurogenetics, from the University of Toronto. He earned his MD at Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York City. Moalem is the author of three books: Survival of the Sickest, How Sex Works, and Inheritance. Dr. Moalem’s research emphasized bringing together evolution, genetics, and modern medicine to revolutionize how we understand and treat diseases. Moalem’s interest in genetics, and particularly neurogenetics, stems from a personal connecting: both he and his grandfather have hemochromatosis and his grandfather was diagnoses with Alzheimer when Moalem was a teenager. …show more content…
Throughout the entire book Moalem tries to explain as to why certain damaging, heritable diseases still exist even though, as they are damaging to modern population, logically should be selected against during evolution. He argues that we need disease: so many diseases are still around today because at some point in history, each was beneficial to the survival success of our ancestors in their environment. Moalem includes an introduction in which he describes how and why he became interested in the medical sciences: it was a combination of both natural curiosities that he has had since childhood and the prevalence of genetic disease in his family that he was visible to when younger. The introduction also serves as a way for Moalem to easily express his true love for both science and discovering the mysteries to life and …show more content…
My problem with this book stems from the fact that Moalem is generalizing that all diseases exist because of this pattern and to those without any background in biology or genetics, it seems to be a very clear reasoning. However, those with a more extensive background can see that the evidence in Survival of the Sickest is rather cherry picked and only selecting disorders that fit (he could also discuss sickle cell and other hemoglobin disorders in this book and be accurate in his hypothesis); however, Moalem ignores that many diseases have no beneficial effect but rose in one founder and spread because of inbreeding, and they exist in the population still because they are autosomal recessive and are not strong enough to be selected against (i.e. Tay Sachs in Hasidic Jews). Moalem incorrectly uses and expands a theory that only explains a few
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
Eugenics is when people with “perfect” genes are “selectively bred” together to reproduce offspring that would also have “perfect” genes. Only the best of people were allowed to take part in this. This is where the problem comes in. Lindbegr Jr. was diagnosed with a condition that was somewhat close to Rickets that prevented him from developing strong bones. Jr also had a condition that caused him to have overlapping toes.
A homunculus frantic named Shain Pit (2062-2083) was the leader of an organization called TRNTB (The right not to breed) a self-proclaimed pragmatist whose obfuscated speeches aimed at the physically unprivileged; people with such inflictions as congenital melanocytic nevus, microcephaly, non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma, dwarfism and lionitis, were the minority that were susceptible to this fast-food-for-thought nourishment, from the crazy rambling of an embittered Mary. His ideology was that their short comings were a gift from Echidna to nauseate the non-misshapen to antinatalism and celibacy, an extension to their very own pariah existence. In that way, everybody wins.
“I’d rather spend my leisure time doing what some call my work and I call my fun,” Jared Diamond. Jared Diamond is a biologist at the University of California, Los Angeles. His passion however is bird study and has been making regular trips to Papua New Guinea since he was 21. His travels have made him an expert on birds. On his adventures he has learned of the many birds and about the wide variety of people who have lived there for over 40,000 years.
Life and Death are one thread, the same line viewed from different sides. Wes Moore and Maria Reyes were right along those different sides. Life and Death was written by the authors John Malcom and Candace Jaye, with each telling the different profiles of Wes Moore and Maria Reyes. Life and Death is a Biography in which, John and Candace, the authors, discuss about Wes Moore and Maria Reyes and their life experiences between life and death. Wes Moore grew up in Baltimore and Maria Reyes grew up in Los Angeles, they both had to make a big turn around for their life.
Dr. Mortenson taught his audience on the subject of how the idea that the earth is billions of years old became such an accepted belief, and is almost unquestioned by the current generation. Using Processional organization, he presented his speech through the years of different atheists and deists such as Jean Lamarck, and Pierre Laplace, as well as through the eyes of “liberal theologians” such as Thomas Chalmers, and George Stanley. Dr. Mortenson showed his audience through means of informative speech, how we should understand that the prevailing belief the world is billions of years old, did not happen overnight. Through his approach to the audience, his organizational process, and his informative strategy, Dr. Mortenson could effectively or inefficiently captivate and inform his audience or confuse them further on the subject. Dr. Mortenson kept eye contact with his audience almost the entire time he spoke, only looking down briefly to read notes.
While there is stigma associated with visible illnesses, like Updike's psoriasis, there are also invisible mental illnesses. In Sylvia Plath's The Bell Jar, Esther is cautious of everyone around her, including her doctor and her very own mother. Right when she walks into his office, Esther doesn't trust Doctor Gordon," I hated him the minute I walked in through the door,"(Plath 128).Esther does not believe that this man will help her in any way because of her built up thoughts, "Then I thought, how could this Doctor Gordon help me anyway,"(Plath 129). Since Gordon does not fit Esther's imagine of what she wants the perfect Doctor to be , she doesn't trust him enough to tell him what's wrong. Esther even attempts removes her mother from her
At the young age of five I had my first introduction to the field of medicine. At the time, my father was a radiological technician at the local hospital. If my father was on call for the radiology department and my mother was also working, he had but no choice to bring me to the hospital when called. I clearly recall being intrigued by the real skeleton that hung in the office. It excited me to watch the X-ray slides come out of a machine and yet show human bones.
Anthony went there and stayed for at least three years, studying the cause of the disease, and visiting the people that were the victims of this disease. It is important to keep in mind that Thrypomine disease can be spread from person to person and Anthony was in grave danger of catching this disease. But he, just like heroes, sacrificed his wellbeing for a greater good. Anthony had treated these studies as if they were the sole reason he existed at all. However Anthony caught the disease, he was an expert in this disease.
To venture into the unknown of scientific and medical research is to purse on the undiscovered trail of science ; I am awe-stricken about how humanity benefits from medical innovation, paving the path for new cures for illnesses and a better anatomical understanding of the body. Advances in civilization depend on such discoveries. Thus, I have the instinctual urge to contribute to the turbulent profession of Biomedical Science. Alongside the necessity to apply Biology to medical sciences, the opportunity to attend Penn state to further study the complexity of the human body has provided the motivation to steer me towards the compelling specialty.
In the article, “Early-Life Experience, Epigenetics, and the Developing Brain”, a group of researchers were trying to prove that early-life experiences, along with parent-offspring interactions can cause epigenetic changes in the developing brains of infants and future generations. In order to observe these changes, a study was performed on lab rats. The researchers used many experimental approaches which included, natural variation in maternal care, early-life maternal separation, and strained mother-infant interactions (Kundakovic, Champagne, 2015). The study showed that rats who were away from their mothers for prolonged periods of time had increased levels of stress and had trouble functioning cognitively. It also showed that rats who received
Huntington’s Disease Introduction Genetic diseases are caused by any abnormality that might occur in an individual’s genome. Some genetic disorders are transmitted or inherited from parents to their offspring while others are caused by acquired mutation or changes in an already existing gene. Mutations can take place randomly or due to some environmental factors. There are different modes of genetic disorders that include single gene and multifactorial inheritance, chromosome abnormalities, and mitochondrial inheritance.
Medicine has started out poorly, as any other science, with low expertise and primitive instruments. Likewise, surgery did not differ much from medicine, yet its importance cannot be ignored due to its influential role in treating complicated physical diseases and injuries. Surgery is the art, practice, or work of treating diseases, injuries, or deformities by manual or operative procedures . Surgery can be traced back to 6500 B.C.E. where it was a fearful and dangerous decision to choose, and it has been developing ever since to an indispensable science. The three epochs where it has improved the most are the ancient surgery in B.C.E, the revolution of surgery during the Middle Ages, and surgery in our days after the 19th century.
This essay will analyze how chromothripsis cured a rare congenic immunodeficiency as reported in the BBC news article: Woman 'cured by lucky DNA mutation'; as well as the contribution of this discovery to the understanding of other mutation-related diseases. Even today, the world of genetics
Despite the many beneficial and positive impacts in which the evolution of Homo sapiens causes, there are many difficulties and negatives which it in turn causes. For example, as individuals changes and develop, many new diseases and medicines will need to be formulated in order to keep up with the demand. For example, a disease may be very prevalent within a generation and therefore many new medicines were developed in order to prevent the diseases. However, over time and through the evolutionary changes which take place in human causes the diseases to become less prevalent among Australian society and therefore medicines are no longer necessary as the diseases is only among a small number of populations within Australia. Although, as a result
Introduction Have you ever thought about the mystery of medicine? Medicine is a unique major, it is not just like any other major, it is more as a life saver, changer, and protector. The study of medicine is very exciting, as the medical students study everything in the human body including its cells, tissues, organs and organ systems and how these organ systems combine and work together to make the whole human body that appears to us. The college of medicine will graduate doctors who have the knowledge to help patients to get rid of their pains and have the communication and interpersonal skills to communicate effectively with them. There are two points of views about medicine, either it is a science or it is an art.