Twentieth Century is also known as the modern era and in those times when everyone was moving towards progression leaving behind the past, T.S Eliot was obsessed with the past. Being a modernist himself, he revolted against the ideas of progression. This revolt and constant clinginess to history and the previous era is evident in his works. In this paper, we are looking at how Eliot projected time and history in his renowned poem “The Wasteland”. Key Words: Modernism, Anti-Modernism, T.S Eliot, Wasteland, Time, History “Time is the moving image of eternity - (Plato)” In the beginning of twentieth century “Modernism” started as a movement/revolt against the past, it dreams of moving forward towards development. But T.S Eliot, belonging to …show more content…
The poem shows the effects of the First World War on the world, and how the only escape according to Eliot is ‘Death’. He uses many cultural references and jumps from one speaker to another, one location to another, and to different times- which helps scholars to declare it as an obscure poem. Eliot manages to juxtapose all the question with one major question i.e. the role of poetry in this empty and meaningless world, which hints towards reading this poem as an “Anti-Modernist …show more content…
He experimented with his writing skills and showed his readers both present and past in one poem, he glorified the past in contrast withthe corrupt present. Eliot plays with the concept of time and the stream of consciousness. Understanding the time structure of the poem is known to be the only key to understand the meaning of this poem. The complex movement from past to present is represented via allusions and references. The opening lines of the poem indicates that the poem is set in the month of ‘April’ and it is the present. But if we look at the epigraph of “The Wasteland”, we notice that time if shifting in a number of directions – the line “with my own eyes” suggest the physical presence of the speaker, but at the same time when he says he ‘saw the Sibyl’ puts him in the past. From this one can anticipate the directions of time shown i.e. we go from reader’s present world to the world of Eliot’s present; the from that we move to Petronius’s present; the at end to Sibyl’s present; and while moving from one’s present to another, the latter becomes the past. He is basically juxtaposing contemporary present with the mystic and religious past – this technique is used to show how past plays an active a part in the present, and this fusion of past and present results into a new creation which has its own significance.
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“The Most Dangerous Game” is a story which features two main characters General Zaroff and Rainsford. Both characters are into big game hunting. The story opens with Rainsford traveling to New York on his yacht, which he then falls off of and proceeds to swim to the nearest land he can find. Rainsford then ends up on an island to which he ends up at General Zaroff’s house and is kindly invited in. Later that night when the two hunters are eating together Zaroff proceeds to tell Rainsford about how big game hunting has started to bore him.
She walked straight passed Wilson to get to Tom, her lover. In the first few lines Eliot uses imagery to describe what the Waste Land looks like. “April is the cruellest month, breeding / Lilacs out of the dead land, mixing / Memory
In the poem when Eliot writes “I”, he is referring to the narrator, who is Prufrock. Prufrock seems to have seen the seedier side of life. He is growing older and is acutely aware of what he has become, turning thin, losing his hair, and measuring his like on coffee spoons. He wants to refresh his stale, musty life, but isn’t sure where to start. He still wants to leave his mark on the world, even “disturb the universe”, but he is also isolated, nervous, and lacks confidence.
Modernism Essay In the short story “Boys and Girls” by Alice Munro and the “Destructors” by Graham Greene. Elements of modernism are reflected through both works of literature. In “Boys and Girls” it is coming from a girl’s view of how she has been given a role as a girl but she does not agree with society’s standards. “The Destructors” is more connected in post-modernism, during the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th era and ideas in the sculptures, buildings, and denigration.
The authors combines the senses of hearing and feel to enhance the symbolism of time. The passage says, “A strange, roseate light shone through the spaces among their trunks and the wind made in their branches the music of æolian harps. He had no wish to perfect his escape—was content to remain in that enchanting spot until retaken” (29). The author writes this section just after the man escapes into the woods. This forest symbolises freedom.
but art….separating and defining it more and more, making it purer and emptier, more absolute and more exclusive” (p.806, Gaiger & Wood, 2003), by the end of modernism it seemed “reductive and austere… its purity came to seem puritanical” (p.3, Hertz,
The poem transitions into the past tense and mentions their grandmothers and children. In contrast to the first half of this piece, the grandmother is now old and the children are now ghosts. This represents the rambunctious, naive young man looking back on his life and truly beginning to see the pointlessness of his ways. The final line in the third stanza may perhaps be the most important line in the entire poem. Oliver writes “After that, all their nerves click like frozen leaves.”
Eliot twists the expected symbolism of water which is life, but Eliot uses water to show there is no life. As this is done, Eliot tries to connect with water throughout The Wasteland. Eliot’s message by seeking water, but there is none shows that The Wasteland seeks a living source but a living object cannot make it through The Wasteland. Since there is no
Modernist poetry refers to poetry written, mainly in Europe and North America, between 1890 and 1950 in the tradition of modernist literature. It is characterized by a self-conscious break with traditional styles of poetry and verse. Modernists experimented with literary expression and form, stick to Ezra Pound 's maxim to “Make it new”. This paper examines different methods that Ezra Pound used to break the boundaries of traditional poetry and the techniques he used to pave the way for later poets. To
“The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” Essay In “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock”, T.S. Eliot creates a rather melancholy, resigned tone through the application of multiple literary devices including extensive repetition, the deliberate use of punctuation in conjunction with varied rhyme schemes and meter to both direct attention and generally slow the reader, and repeated references to a few central pieces of imagery that particularly exude this tone. It is evident from passages such as, “For I have know them all already, known them all: — / Have known the evenings, mornings, afternoons, / I have measured out my life with coffee spoons” (3), that Prufrock feels an acute sense of monotony and boredom with the relentlessly repetitive nature
Modernist literature known for its interesting break with traditional writing, it contents as well as narrative techniques, remains relevant. The topics and narrative techniques and the way the modernists saw, or wanted us as readers to see, the world is still very much the subject of study at universities around the world today. We learn about the emergency experienced in a changing society and about the way the modernists wanted to illustrate the truth through the use of fragmentation, symbolism and metaphors. Students and other readers may be forgiven for wondering if scholars of today, and decades past, perhaps read too much into certain literature in their readiness to reach beyond the words and, hopefully, find a hidden, obscured meaning. Virginia Woolf was aware of the enormous changes of the period, as she connects physical and economic changes with shifts in cultural and social relations.
Eliot, What are Your Impressions of the "Modern Man?" Moral Decay. The decay of culture has thrived with modernism. Both of them have described how cruel a man can be for example in the battlefields according to Hemingway. Eliot describes how social evils have come along with the “modern man” in terms of Spiritual paralysis where people have become stone-hearted, vacuity, and empty.
Is the modern lifestyle fulfilling or merely a facade? It’s easy to get caught up in life by focusing on personal status, wealth, and perfection, but does a surface level life satiate the needs and wants of people? Modernists such as T.S. Eliot and Katherine Anne Porter have pondered this question in their poems and narratives, further probing at the authenticity of modern life and searching for new forms of expression. Just as Eliot and Porter dabbled in this proposition in works released from 1910-1930, modern authors of novels also began exploring the same ideas. The 310 page novel White Noise (1984) further explores the ideas presented by hailing modernists.
The characteristics of modernity are: pessimism, frustration, isolation, total sense of loss; modern writers had no sense of purpose, the anxiety of uncertainty, meaninglessness, no values and miscommunication. The Hollow Men (1925) is a poem written by T.S. Eliot. Its themes are, like many of Eliot’s poems, absurdity, fragmentation and overlapping, but it is crucial to connect this poem most with the World War 1 which caused the dark view since wars cause destruction and frustration. Moreover, the difficulty of hope and being optimistic. This poem is divided into five parts and consists of 98 lines.
The purpose of this essay is to investigate the Modernism in English literature especially in The Translator (a novel written by Leila Aboulela). Modernist literature is a major English genre of fiction writing, popular from the 1910s into the 1960s. After the end of the reign of Queen Victoria in 1901, the industrialization and globalization are increasing. New technology and the horrifying events of both World Wars (but specifically World War I and atomic bomb) made many people question the future of humanity: What was becoming of the world? Was the old world end?