David Dabydeen’s Turner, is a postcolonial response to the authors of colonial atrocities. Dabydeen attempts to convey within his poem a society haunted by the injustices of the past which have been denied recognition and redemption from the prosecutors and historians themselves. Drawing on theoretical concepts of postcolonialism, hauntology and mid-mourning, Dabydeen’s Turner, attempts to highlight the agony and powerlessness of those who were, currently, and will soon be subject to, to overcome the curse of past injustices. Focusing on the physical and psychological marks the colonial project placed and continues to place on the body and psyche of the drowned slave, the narrative of agency being gained through death is problematize. As summarized by Steph Craps, David Dabydeen’s Turner, is essentially a poem which brings to the attention to the reader the immortal presence of past injustices.
With the dawn of the twentieth century came the realization that many traditional notions about civilization, culture, warfare, and even the world were entering into unknown territory. Through various sequential and cumulating events at the beginning of the era, including World War I, a new wave of thinking emerged. Characterized in literature with themes of bewilderment, uncertainty, and the apparent meaninglessness of life, Modernism reflected the devastation and insecurity left by the Great War that swept away the optimism and idealism of the past. In the short stories "In Another Country" by Ernest Hemingway, "The Corn Planting" by Sherwood Anderson, "The Far and the Near" by Thomas Wolfe and "A Worn Path" by Eudora Welty, these themes
By manipulating the war setting and language of the novel Heller is able to depict society as dark and twisted. Heller demonstrates his thoughts of society through the depicted war. In the novel, the loss of personal identity in the soldiers lives. Furthermore, The idea is that supports how much value is placed upon a human life and shows the evils and cruelty of war is related The Ball Turret Gunner by Randall Jarrell, in which a soldier who spends his entire life in war only to die the same position he came into the war “fetal” state; just to be disregarded and buried in a whole. This can be compared to the metaphor used in chapter five of Catch 22.
William Butler Yeats demonstrates a unique way to keep the readers guessing throughout the poem. He sheds light upon the fact that society as a whole has drawn attention to sin over faith while the end the world is arising and “the centre cannot hold” (3). The author makes it clear that as a reader you can identify the literary devices diction , allusion , and foreshadowing along the the text. Yeats uses the first stanza alone is able to describe the diction found in the poem as a head scratcher or hard to understand. W.B Yeats established a somewhat hopeless tone as he used the quote “The falcon cannot hear the falconer”(2) which would infer people are not believing that things would not get better but worst.
I, the Divine is like Koolaids as an imaginative novel. It is a postmodern fictional autobiography; it is a work in progress; “provisional” and “shifting,” as poet Lynn Emanuel points out about life writing (The Practice of Poetry 67). Emanuel states the provisional and shifting as “that is all vision: revisions coming at us at the speed of light. Writing presents to us the nullity of ourselves, the inaccuracies of our perceptions of selfhood. We are both nothing and everything – provisional, shifting, molten” (The Practice of Poetry 67).
Modernism is a movement that arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Modernism rejected the certainty of Enlightenment thinking. Modernist poetry refers to poetry written, mainly in Europe and North America, between 1890 and 1950 in the tradition of modernist literature. It is characterized by a self-conscious break with traditional styles of poetry and verse. Modernists experimented with literary expression and form, stick to Ezra Pound 's maxim to “Make it new”.
“An obsession is a way for damaged people to damage themselves more.” (Mark Barrowcliffe) In this statement, Barrowcliffe, a writer and novelist from the United Kingdom, suggests the idea that having an obsession is not good thing to have. This idea relates to the themes of two classic pieces of literature, The Great Gatsby and The Old Man and the Sea. The Great Gatsby was written in 1925 by F. Scott Fitzgerald. This novel depicts the life of people living in the 1920’s with themes of corruption, social status, and obsessions. This novel strongly relates to Barrowcliffe’s thinking that obsessions are damaging to people’s lives.
Also how the author used the appeals. He wrote this speech for the Millennium Lectures. The Millennium Lectures are where they discuss the past millennium and what's going to happen in the future. They are basically like an end of the millennium assessment. When writing this speech he had to keep in mind that he was writing about the past millennium and trying to make indifference the main point of the speech.
Eliot. Its themes are, like many of Eliot’s poems, absurdity, fragmentation and overlapping, but it is crucial to connect this poem most with the World War 1 which caused the dark view since wars cause destruction and frustration. Moreover, the difficulty of hope and being optimistic. This poem is divided into five parts and consists of 98 lines. MUHSIN Al MUSAWI in his research about trajectories of Modernity and Tradition (2006) says: “Apart from scant collections of translated modern poetry and several essays in which literary critics try to account for the transformative nature of modernist poetic writing, modern Arabic poetry remains inaccessible and limited to articles on well- known poets.
Meena Alexander believes in poetry as political activism: her poetry often deals with conflicts and unrest, cities at the edge of war, episodes of discrimination, and so on. In an interview with Ruth Maxey, the poet admits that history conspires against the writing of poetry (Alexander 2009, 190). Many American poets have tried to do away with history, and to break the chains that still linked them to tradition, and to the old canon of British poetry. Alexander mentions Ralph Waldo Emerson, whose notion of self-reliance, which she interprets as reinvention of the self, “exhilarated” her (2009, 3). Chapter first of this study is entitled Identity which offers the theoretical framework of the term identity and the elements of identity in her works and try to find out her own identity.