Throughout the course of modern history, the views of adolescence have led to them being considered inferior to those older than them. Often times, young adults and children are represented as unknowing, which therefore allows for a measure of control to be had over them; moreover, the ideas of inferiority are also present in regard to race and race relations. In Nancy Lesko 's article, "Denaturalizing Adolescence: The Politics of Contemporary Representations," and in Barry C. Feld 's book Bad Kids: Race and the Transformation of the Juvenile Court, they argue that those in power, be them adults, white individuals, or both, have a measure of control over those considered inferior. During the history of the world, the value of adults has
Youth culture can pertain to interests in styles, music, clothes and sports. It also pertains to behaviours, beliefs, and vocabulary; this refers to the ways that teenagers conduct their lives. The concept behind youth culture is that adolescents are a subculture with norms, morals, behaviours and values that differ from the main culture of older generations within society. For instance, young men and women, teenagers in this case, are mostly represented as unpredictable and not easy to understand. In the film, Mean Girls directed by Mark Waters (2004), adolescents are represented as bullies, who use manipulation to achieve what they want and are two-faced with the people around them; they are constantly stereotyped as a high social group like the plastics and a low social group like the mathletes; also they are presented as young people that fall under peer pressure, and are overly concerned about their appearance and about being socially accepted.
Ferdinand De Saussure’s notion that signs are arbitrary and their values are not intrinsic but instead constituted through difference is a claim that directly stems from his semiological view of linguistics. For Saussure language is a social fact. Saussure argues against the notion that the signifier and signified can be separated. He argues that there is a lack of definitive or intrinsic meaning from the sign itself therefore meaning is produced from the relationship between the signifier and signified, thus they cannot be separated. The value of symbols and images move past plain signification there must be a semiotic and reciprocal relationship between both components for meaning to be produced and recognized.
“Cohen has a strong view that media itself jumps to conclusions and overreacts to behaviour which happens which is challenging to the social norms. Cohen’s work illustrated how those reactions influenced the formation and enforcement of social policy, law, and societal perceptions of threats posed by the youth groups.” (Dr. Bonn, Scott 2015) Moral panic by society is seen in the media, which fires further social unacceptable behaviour. Within a moral panic the media identify a group as a ‘folk devil’, it can be identified as a threat to society’s values, the media also distorts the group in a negative stereotypical way in which it is then exaggerates the scale of the
The premise of recidivism is based on two elements which are the perpetration of crime and a juvenile who repeatedly commits a crime. In criminology, Recidivism is defined as “the return to the previous criminal habits, especially after a conviction” According to the Analysis Report on the recidivism rate of children in penitentiary, that children who engage in criminal acts in a younger age and are immediately placed in detention facilities is more likely to become recidivists. Moreover, poor living conditions, family relations, education, employment are one common profile of recidivists. The report also recommended that social department and partner organizations to provide intensive programs for recidivists’ juveniles.
The main contribution of the theory, though, is the realization of the possible relationship between criminal behavior or inclinations towards it and flaw in the childhood’s relationships or experience that are related or not to the parents (Sammons, n.d.) The behavioral theory, on the other hand, first explained by Gabriel Tarde, is being utilized in a way that focuses on the behavior modeling and social learning (Psychological theories of crime, n.d.). A major common characteristic of criminals is that they are more likely to be insane, exhibit poor social behavior and be unintelligent. The behavioral theory defines that individuals learn from each other and eventually imitate one another. In particular, relevant to the criminology field is the social learning theory (Psychological theories of crime, n.d.)
In today’s society we depend on our youth because they are faces of the future and we need the best from them. Many of our youths come from delinquent neighborhoods and are more likely to adapt to that area. The term delinquency its self is broad term because how can we classify a youth as being delinquent if they never had a chance to be successful. Most youths that are sent to detention centers are sent because how they act in the home place, school, or out on the street. But how is it possible to send a child to a detention if they are mentally ill?
The results of these policies have shown the recidivism rates for juveniles have increased when prosecuted in adult court versus juvenile court. Society has failed the system. Because of this failure, reforms needed to quickly be put in place so that we change the importance back on the best interests of the youth. Focusing on the youth instead of the crime with resources for the purpose of equipping them to succeed will help our juveniles reenter society. Inputting structured programs and guidelines is much more promising for succeeding rather than face the devastating effects of being housed in adult prison systems.
In this example, only the poor countries that need assistance would receive the help needed and the middle rich countries would benefit from assistance from the rich countries. According to the triage, we should only apply aid to countries that could benefit the most from it, but we should also not give assistance to countries that can assist themselves. We should also not aid any country who doesn’t have any control over their population. Substantially, we need to emphasize on assisting countries where our help will determine the difference between their success or failure with the balance of food and population size. This argument correlates to the consequentialist views.
A theory that is brought about many times is that if one is under aged and violates the law then one is automatically a juvenile. Behind every delinquent lies a story, why or how they became this way? The goal for these people from what most would say is incarceration. Juvenile Delinquency is the name of a certain level of social existence and relations with others. They are positioned as delinquent by activities directed at the attempt to control juvenile behavior.
The use of police move-on powers can be understood as a response of the society’s generalised fear of indigenous youth, and thus as Armstrong contends ‘the management of risk becomes the management of public fears’ (2004, 113). Therefore, within the group of young people, the Indigenous population, are subjected to greater impact of police powers on their mobility in the public
Juvenile detention centers are purposeful ways to assist delinquent juveniles to become law abiding proactive members of society while promoting the safety of society and themselves. Yet, the way most institutions, in particular Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center (CCJTDC) treat juveniles in their center has violated their essential right to be treated as humans, cast them as oppressive beings, and does not adequately facilitate their re-transition into society. While I agree that there should be a degree of penalty for breaking laws, there is a clear line between punishment that is just and that which is unjust. Punishment for the sake of realigning an individual’s behavior to comply with social order is just, however punishment
Furthermore, this leaves room for states to implement their own practices and ways to address status offenders. It has also been argued that the Act “fractured the juvenile justice system so that officials in the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare handled white, middle-income youth” (Hinton, 2015, p. 816). Programs which labeled white youths as “children in trouble” marked minority youths as “chronic offenders” who were deemed a danger to society, and tried as an adult. The exceptions and revisions that have been made to the Act make it possible for repeat status offenders to be detained in secure
Structural Functionalism is the paradigm that describes social problems as parts of life which are essential to maintaining balance (Thio & Taylor, 2012). As Wienclaw writes, structural functionalists perceive divorce as merely a challenge, supporters of the conflict theory find that it is the result of contradictory opinions of people in the family, and symbolic interactionists think divorce or different types of families are a product of modern outlooks surrounding the family in general (Wienclaw, 2014). She also addresses the shortcomings of the Functionalist Theory by pointing out that it does not call attention to the issue of abuse in the family (Wienclaw, 2014). However, if someone is married to an abusive spouse, this conveys that divorce is a way to escape an unsafe relationship and thus making it a positive outcome. Structural Functionalists believe that divorce is a necessary evil in which the family adapts to the new set of circumstances it brings about (Wienclaw, 2014).