World War 1 was the first global conflict as it was a struggle between the leading world powers in Europe that had colonised the 19th century. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Bosnia, heir to the Austrian-Hungary throne was a major trigger factor that led to the World War breaking out. It initially began as a European quarrel caused by the rivalry between nations which led to a series of mobilisations. In addition, there were many other vital factors to consider and these include Imperialism, Nationalism, Alliances and Militarism. This essay will explain how the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in 1914 triggered a number of events that led to the outbreak of World War 1. To begin with, I believe the assassination was one of the immediate causes for the World War breaking out in July 1914. Firstly, Bosnia was under control of the Austrian-Hungary Empire. However, the Serbs wanted to be free to live together in their own country and to be completely independent of the Austrian-Hungary Empire. They wanted to break free from their control. The Black Hand was a Serbian secret society that was formed in 1911 whose sole mission was to help Serbia break free from Austria-Hungary. A courageous member of the Black Hand society, Gavrilo Princip succeeded in assassinating Archduke Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie on June,28th 1914 after his driver took a wrong turn in Bosnia. Subsequently, Austria-Hungary blamed Serbia for this and tensions rose due to immense rivalry
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World War 1 began on until July 28, 1914. After, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, and his wife Sophie was assassinated. They were assassinated by Serbian nationalist, Gavrilo Princip, in Sarajevo, Bosnia. After the assassination, Austria-Hungary blamed the Serbian government for the attack and hoped to use it as a justification for settling the question of the Serbian nationalism. Days after the assassination, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.
A cause and effect relationship causing World War 1 was the assassination of the Archduke and when Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, took place on June 28th, 1914 in Sarajevo. The Black Hand, a Serbian terrorist group, intended on the car that the Archduke and his wife were in to be bombed but the bomb did not go off, instead they were shot. The shooter was Gavrilo Princip. This was very much an attack influenced by alliances and
Before World War I, all of Europe in 1914, was tense and like a bomb or a fire was waiting to erupt. Europe had not seen a major war in years, but due to Militarism, Imperialism, Alliances, and Nationalism tensions grew high. Each country was competing to be the best by gaining more territory and growing in their military size and successful economies. World War 1 was waiting to happen and the assassination of the Archduke was the spark that lit Europe up. In All Quiet on the Western Front, by Erich Maria Remarque we see the effects of the assassination.
Austria-Hungary then proceeded to send a letter to Serbia asking their government to put an end to these protests that were going against their monarchy. In spite of that being done, the Austrian-Hungarian government still saw no changes, “. . . . the Royal Serbian Government has done nothing to repress these movements.” (Document 3.) Five days after this letter was written, the ArchDuke of Austria-Hungary, Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie were killed.
Austria-Hungary’s Cause of World War I The trigger of one gun being pulled caused the death of 17 million people. On June 28, 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife of Austria-Hungary were shot and killed by 19-year-old Serbian Nationalist, Gavrilo Princip, during a motorcade after an unsuccessful attempt at bombing Ferdinand. Because of the Triple Entente of France, Britain, and Russia and the Triple Alliance of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Italy, this event started a chain reaction.
The War to End All Wars, states that, “Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the imperial throne of Austria-Hungary... An assassination...might lead to war between little Serbia and its powerful neighbor Austria... The archduke, shot in the neck, bled to death (Freedman 1, 2 and 4).” Another inaccuracy is that Hattie Big Sky is about homesteading during World War One, but The War to End All Wars does not mention anything about that at all. Hattie Big Sky states, “November 11, 1917...
Though Serbia accepted all but two of the ultimatum’s terms, and Russia declared its intention to back Serbia in the case of such a conflict, Austria-Hungary went ahead with its war declaration against Serbia on July 28, one month after the assassinations. June 28 was Franz Ferdinand’s wedding anniversary, but now we know it as the last straw that allowed WWI to occur. His beloved wife, Sophie, a former lady-in-waiting, was denied royal status in Austria due to her birth as a poor Czech aristocrat In Bosnia, however, due to its limbo status as an annexed territory, Sophie could appear beside him at official proceedings. On June 28, 1914, then, Franz Ferdinand and Sophie were touring Sarajevo in an open car, with minanume little security, when Serbian nationalist Nedjelko Cabrinovic threw a bomb at their car; it rolled off the back of the vehicle and wounded an officer and some bystanders. Later that day, on the way to visit the injured officer, the archduke’s procession took a wrong turn where one of Cabrinovic’s cohorts, 19-year-old Gavrilo Princip, happened to be
World War I (WWI) and World War II (WWII) had many causes. They also had many devastating effects on the world. They both have one main similarity and difference for both the causes and effects of the wars. The main similarity in the causes of both wars was imperialism, but the main difference was that WWII had appeasement; the main similarity in the effects of both wars was that there were many political tensions leftover that caused another war, but the main difference was that after WWII, the United Nations (UN) was created.
All the alliances were already preparing themselves for a massive war to take over eventually. Serbia, being in an alliance with Russia, was the first to challenge Austria. Serbia wanted to become their own country and not depend on another country but, Austria was not about to let that go easily. Serbia eventually grew this hate between the people of Austria and likewise with the Austrian people. Hate is what ultimately lead to the assassination and what became the beginning of the Great
How did nationalism cause WW1? 1910-1919 Nationalism was the main cause of World War One. The direct result of it led to the militarization of Europe’s countries, nationalistic feelings in Yugoslavia, and the alliances formed before the war. Despite the common idea that the first world war started because of Archduke Franz Ferdinand’s assassination, it was only a reason for Austria-Hungary to declare war. Nationalism was the driving factor to his assassination, and would not have happened without it.
The June 1914 assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by the Serbian Black Hand Group, caused Austria-Hungary to declare war on Serbia. As their allies got involved this conflict grew into World War I (WWI). This event wasn’t the real cause of the war, it was just the spark that started it. Most people would say the causes were imperialism, nationalism, alliances and militarism.
In July 28, 1914 to November 11,1918 World War 1 took place where over 17 million lives were lost and over 20 million wounded soldiers. This war was between Britain, France, Russia, Italy and the United States against Germany, and Austria-Hungary. The main cause of World War 1 was militarism where many European countries kept increasing their size of their army and navy without a war going on. In the article “What Was the Underlying Cause of World War 1?”
There were many minority nations that wanted to establish independence and separate themselves from the mainstream, dominant society. This collective identity and unity that the nations have established caused them to form extreme nationalist ideas and revolt against the more influential people they were controlled by. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand happened due to the severe nationalistic feelings of the Serbs. The Serbs had always wanted to achieve sovereignty and independence from Austria-Hungary. When Franz Ferdinand announced that he will be leaving to Sarajevo to greet the townspeople on June 28, 1914, a terrorist organization called the ‘Black Hand’ had meticulously arranged an attack against Franz Ferdinand.
Serbian nationalism was the most significant contributing factor in the Balkans to the outbreak of the First World War. Nationalist Serbs wanted the unity of Serbdom and to create a Greater Serbia that included the provinces Bosnia and Herzegovina. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand triggered the First World War and was prompted by the nationalism of the Serbs against Hapsburg control. If this trigger did not take place it would have been another event. But it is not surprising that it occurred in the Balkans; a volatile region, as Bismarck had predicted decades before; “ If there is ever another war in Europe, it will come out of some damned silly thin in the Balkans”.