Puritans are well known for conducting witch trials and burning people on suspicion of witchcraft or heresy like the incident in Salem. These two groups originated from the Anglican Church of England. A movement that took place after the English Reformation, known as the Puritanism, advocated strict religious disciplines, religious rituals, the belief of salvation, and Christ as the center of faith. Between the two, the Puritans were the original group who sought the return of a simple and virtual Christianity. The Pilgrims were Separatists who were once Puritans, but were discontent at reforms.
Both of their journeys had a great cause of the separation from England. Both groups wanted to seek freedom in different ways but still did not come to agreement within themselves beside the fact the wanted to get away from King James and his way of castigation. Pilgrims and Puritan are similar But yet so different. The Pilgrims thought they were elected by god for salvation and only wanted to associate themselves with people
Puritan Period covers the history of religious reform within the Anglican Church, commonly known as Church of England (Demos, 1970). It is a period widely known in history as the migration period of Separatists escaping the remnants of Roman Catholicism in the transcended Church of England – the corruption and indecorous dogma during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (Johnson, 1970). Interestingly, Puritan Period, more than its literature, has three particularly areas of discussion that can be relatable
Puritans had self-government. They made rules for themselves, religion effected a very large part of the government for example only male church members could vote or be part of the government. In the middle colonies, it wasn’t only dominated by one religion which gave into more liberal attitudes and religious freedom. In colonies such as New York and New Jersey which were royal colonies, the governor was chosen by the British government. In Proprietary colonies, the proprietors had the right to choose the governor.
INTRODUCTION Forming part of the New England region, Salem can be found on the coast of the state of Massachusetts, USA. European Puritans began to settle in Salem as early as 1626. Puritans were a group of English Protestants from the 16th century, which was a religiously-driven era in Europe as God was the central force for the public. As such, the fear of the occult and Satan was pervasive. The Puritans brought these fears to Salem as they colonised New England in an attempt to flee religious maltreatment in Europe.
Facing persecution in Europe, the Puritans came to America in order to create a society that lived according to the Bible’s demands. They were a separatist group who believed in purifying the Church of England by eliminating all aspects of Catholicism, like the Pope, for instance (“Puritan New England; Plymouth”). They also believed in predestination. This means that God chose whether or not a person would be saved or condemned at birth. However, the Puritans did not know whether God chose them to be saved or condemned, therefore, they lived through strict policies laid out in the “Covenant of Works” and the “Covenant of Grace.” The “Covenant of Grace” declares that “nothing people do can erase their sins nor earn them a place in heaven.” Consequently, the “Covenant of Works” states that “God’s elect must do good works…to earn their salvation” (Henretta).
In the aspect of the Puritan beliefs, religious conformity was the critical support of Puritanism (Study.com). In order to achieve the integrity of the community, the fundamental mission was to integrate people into conforming in the Puritan beliefs (Pbs.org). Moreover, laws were inaugurated to ensure that people were conformed to Puritan decrees (Encyclopedia.com). As a non conforming conformist, Hawthorne applies the black veil as the main motif to advocate non-conformity in society (Reynolds 33). “‘There was but one thing remarkable in his appearance.
Thus, many Puritans left England in April 1630 to travel to the New World (Martin 1984: 20) to found a “godly community” (Westerkamp 1999: 2). The ships arrived in the wilderness, a harsh place that required strict rules and religious guidance and “Faith in God’s providential plan” to endure the circumstances (Martin 1984:4). This reassurance had already taken place on their way to the New World when John Winthrop delivered his speech, according to which the Puritan community was as a “City upon a hill” representing a model of “biblical commonwealth”(Westerkamp 1999:10). Consequently, the community established fixed power relations wielding much authority to the ministers who often also were medical authorities and, consequently, caused an intersection of spiritual and medial issues (Lutes 1997: 314). The announcements of the Puritan misters influenced the community strongly since the people’s interpretations were based on them (Lutes 1997: 313).
This is when Jesus reverse’s the expectation of the crowd or reader as he puts a Samaritan, (a person or group of people who were hated in those days) as the caring person, who looks after the man. He not only bandages the man he also pays for the man to stay in the inn. So for Jesus to put a Samaritan as the good guy after a priest and Levite had neglected the man, definitely drove home his message. Of loving your neighbour, no matter who they are or what they’ve done. Also, understanding who your neighbour is, and fully loving
According to critic Leites, puritans pursue a life which is “in the realm of everyday conduct, ethically strict; in the realm of belief, meticulously scrupulous; in matters of ritual, simple, and in matters of piety, deeply concerned with the inward state of the soul” (Leites 383). He further argues that the piety is analogical with the Puritan’s notion of love, which requires not only the “outward fulfillment of the duties of marriage”, but also “the proper intentions and feelings towards the spouse” (Leites 383). Although there seems to be an existence of a general believe towards the significance of Love and Marriage among puritans in that period, when examining how these subjects are discussed in puritan poems, it is recognised that differences persist. In this essay, poems from two puritan poets, Anne Bradstreet and Edward Taylor, will be analysed and compared with emphasis on the topics of Love and