Thus, Leopold was stripped of the Congo, which became a colony of Belgium and saw the end of some of the worst imaginable abuses. Davidson would note similar human rights movements as well. When Ethiopia fell, many argued it was the beginning of African nationalism. It was thought that the Africans felt a need to take action and break free. Common people within the colonies saw many of the problems with European colonialism.
European imperialism had immense effects on Africa. A few of the negative effects included slavery, loss of independence, decline of African culture, and resource exploitation. They removed so many resources that Africa was exploited of natural minerals. A couple positive effects the Europeans had on africa were the introduction of trade and education. European nations also took it upon themselves to hold a conference to divide Africa into territories that would be controlled by European countries.
During the Berlin Conference, the European nations only approved Belgium to imperialise Congo because they were manipulated into believing Belgian had a pure aim to aid the Congo and spread the Christian religion. However, in harsh reality, King Leopold II took advantage of Congo for his own greed and wealth, invading the rights of the Congolese. Hands were chopped off and wives and children were hostage to force labour upon the Congo men. Leopold controlled Congo for approximately 45 years, but the aftermath of his reign lingered for years including death of fellow Congolese and loss of religion. He was a huge role in the deterioration of the Congo’s social, economic and political status.
Imperialism had existed since the beginning of time but exploded again in the late 19th century. Countries sought to acquire and conquer new territory and outcompete their enemies. Imperialistic strategies involved asserting dominance over conquered areas .Successful imperialism was one where the conqueror could feed off the economy, industry, and labor of its conquest, while barely having to waist its own energy and resources. The rise of imperialism was set off by the “European scramble for African colonies,” where this intensified competitions between European nations and instilled fear in others who were behind. (647) We can see the changes in the European nations that occupied Africa and how it might have posed a threat.
Was the British Empire a force for good? The British Empire brought many changes to the world, good and bad, to many people in different countries e.g. Africa and India. Some of these changes involved innovations in medical care, education and railways. The British Empire profited from slavery in the eighteenth century, but fought to abolish slavery in the nineteenth century.
The “moral victory” stands in contradiction with “abominable terrors” and “abominable satisfactions”. Conrad uses this contradiction to emphasize the price of Kurtz’s moment of reflection and realization. Although he finally realizes how his actions have impacted numerous individuals, this realization has come at the expense of those who suffered under the colonialists. The word “abominable” is used to emphasize effect that greed and destruction had on the inhabitants of the Congo jungle. It was chosen specifically to create a stark contrast with the idea of morality and “moral victory”.
Rediker shows us that the trauma millions faced on the voyage from Africa to the Americas was in service of something of indescribable magnitude. The slave ship built the Western world. In his novel The Slave Ship, Marcus Rediker asserts that the slave ship not only imported African slaves but also carried with it class systems, race, and capitalism; these monumental institutions were birthed on the ship and made possible by unimaginable violence. Class systems on the slave ship were the byproduct of differences in power and condition. Unlike in our current class system, those in the middle saw little to no benefits of being superior
However, the scramble for Africa fueled the rivalry to come. As Study.com articulates “all of a sudden, European powers realized the value of African territory and began trying to take over it. This led to tremendous competition among the European powers, particularly Belgium, Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, and Spain.” This idea is further supported by the BBC, which explains that “commercial greed, territorial ambition, and political rivalry all fuelled the European race to take over Africa”. Another example of the rivalry created by imperialism is shown by the collapse of the Ottoman empire. This once strong empire suffered multiple losses, as one sees when considering the
Imperialism is a system where a powerful nation controls and exploits one or more colonies and imperial rivalry is a rivalry that takes place during imperialism. Some of the most prominent rivalries in international diplomacy in Africa and Asia during the late eighteen hundreds and early nineteen hundreds is the conflict between Great Britain and France, between Japan and Russia, and between Great Britain and China. After the treaty of Berlin made the European powers want even more land, Great Britain and France clashed in the village of Fashoda. When Great Britain was expanding south from Egypt towards the Cape, France was expanding towards the east from French West Africa to Somaliland. A British force under Lord Kitchener met a french
Europe conquered and colonized Africa in the late 19th century to gain full power and to solely build economic wealth. I believe that greed was the primary motivation. In the book, Hochschild looks further into the Europeans drive for possessions in Africa. The moral rationalization of the civilizing mission was used to justify colonialism. For example, the founding of Leopold 's International African Association at a conference of famous explorers in Brussels, King Leopold opened the conference.
George Washington Williams, an African American legislator, and Kande Kamara, an African colonial subject, both experienced some of the most brutal products of European Imperialism. Williams, in the late nineteenth century, toured the Belgian controlled Congo and witnessed the harsh measures King Leopold implemented to maintain absolute control and bleed the country of its resources. Kamara, on the other hand, bore witness to the end result of overzealous imperial ambitions when he was forced to fight for the allies in the trenches of WWI. These two men’s experiences, although considerably different, both shed light on Europe’s colonial philosophy of racism and ethnic superiority and its position of immense power during this period. Both
Summary of the article De-centering the South De-centering the South: America 's Nationwide White Supremacist Order After Reconstruction is an article written by Desmond S. King and Stephen G. N. Tuck. It explores the deplorable state of racism in the southern states of the USA during the late 19th century and early 20th century, and the efforts of one man to fight it. One of the most prominent African-American leaders of that period was a man called Thomas Fortune. Once a slave in the South, Fortune was too aware of America’s race problem. In 1879, he left the south and moved to New York where he became an editor of several African-American newspapers.