However, the scramble for Africa fueled the rivalry to come. As Study.com articulates “all of a sudden, European powers realized the value of African territory and began trying to take over it. This led to tremendous competition among the European powers, particularly Belgium, Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, and Spain.” This idea is further supported by the BBC, which explains that “commercial greed, territorial ambition, and political rivalry all fuelled the European race to take over Africa”. Another example of the rivalry created by imperialism is shown by the collapse of the Ottoman empire. This once strong empire suffered multiple losses, as one sees when considering the
During the Berlin Conference, the European nations only approved Belgium to imperialise Congo because they were manipulated into believing Belgian had a pure aim to aid the Congo and spread the Christian religion. However, in harsh reality, King Leopold II took advantage of Congo for his own greed and wealth, invading the rights of the Congolese. Hands were chopped off and wives and children were hostage to force labour upon the Congo men. Leopold controlled Congo for approximately 45 years, but the aftermath of his reign lingered for years including death of fellow Congolese and loss of religion. He was a huge role in the deterioration of the Congo’s social, economic and political status.
Imperialism, a word that has been thrown here and there for the past century. It means for a country to dominate another country through political, cultural, or military means. Sometimes countries such as Belgium will induce fear through actions such as whipping or forcing labor into the citizens of another country just to gain power over that country. The primary motive of imperialism was nationalist domination, where one nation gains power over another. A country might try to gain power over other countries by trying to gain recognition from other countries.
Hochschild describes, during that time King Leopold portrayed himself as a humanitarian to the world. Eventually a shipping agent known as Edmund Morel, came across the evidence of Leopold’s atrocities, and investigated the situation. Morel than called out the injustices of King Leopold, and launched an international Congo reform movement in a mission to publicize it to the world in the years to follow. Morel would gain support from notable figures, such as, Booker T. Washington, Arthur Conan Doyle, and Mark Twain, to which King Leopold tried to discredit through failed public relations campaigns. Thus, Leopold was stripped of the Congo, which became a colony of Belgium and saw the end of some of the worst imaginable abuses.
Summary of the text: Adam Hochschild’s King Leopold 's Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror, and Heroism in Colonial Africa is a historical fiction published in 1998, which contains a myriad of evidence to testify the Belgian King Leopold II’s atrocities in Congo between 1908 and 1909 (Hochschild, 1998). As a fiction, it intends to capture the attention of various readers towards the Belgian imperialist delinquencies through a detailed narration of a number of main characters’, including George Washington Williams and William Henry Sheppard, experiences in Belgian Congo (Hochschild, 1998). In this excerpt, it illustrates William’s peaceful exploration in Congo as an American-Black missionary. During his journey, not only did he explore the Congolese culture, but he also tried to spread Christianity to Congo (Hochschild, 1998). Although he failed to bring the religion to Congo, he became a popular in Congo and the old world.
Europe conquered and colonized Africa in the late 19th century to gain full power and to solely build economic wealth. I believe that greed was the primary motivation. In the book, Hochschild looks further into the Europeans drive for possessions in Africa. The moral rationalization of the civilizing mission was used to justify colonialism. For example, the founding of Leopold 's International African Association at a conference of famous explorers in Brussels, King Leopold opened the conference.
5. Reasoning the theories The official story was that Osama bin Laden was the terrorist mastermind behind the attack, but some believe 9/11 was a smokescreen for a far bigger American conspiracy and that the Bush administration is the one, behind the vicious attack. 5.1. Justifying war The events of 9/11 ultimately led to war against Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein and allowed the United States access to Iraq’s most prized commodity, oil. America declared war on Iraq to gain control of Iraq’s oil but in order to do so it had to cover up its track.
King Leopold should be punished for the actions and hardship that he made the people of Congo go through, and how many lives were innocent lives were lost. Another piece of evidence that King Leopold was abusing the Congo people is “When quotas were not met, beatings by the chicotte (whip) were common, as was the practice of taking women and children hostage to force their husbands to meet the tax.” (Background Essay.) This is just another example that King Leopold went to far to get what he wanted, and that he didn’t
When Iran and Iraq were involved in a war, Reagan decided to sell US antitank and antiaircraft to Iran’s government since they helped released Americans captured by another terrorist group. However, another Reagan staff member decided to use the profits made from selling the weapons to Iran to fund the contras in Nicaragua. This was an illegal diversion of funding since it violated the Boland Amendment and congressional budget authority. This event caused the president to have an image of someone who 's easily manipulated. He also helped improve US Soviet relation.
The Monroe Doctrine and the ideology of Manifest Destiny played a significant role in the U.S. policy towards Latin America and the Caribbean in the nineteenth century to the early twentieth century through Imperialism. The Monroe Doctrine and the Manifest Destiny was the byproduct of the Imperialistic system. Imperialism aimed to control over a territory, population, and resources to gain economic benefits and to gain political strength through military tactics. The Monroe doctrine and the Manifest Destiny was an oxymoron with American democratic values. The Monroe doctrine and the Manifest Destiny greatly influenced the outcome of the Mexican-American War, the Spanish-American War and the Panama Canal with the backing of American corporations.
Before that, there had been earlier raids by the administration of President Wilson and he easily considered an expedition across the Mexican border. The secretary of war Newton Baker was ordered by Wilson to organize the expedition and pursue Villa. Wilson then tried to appease Carranza by asserting that the raid was conducted with a careful consideration of Mexico’s sovereignty. Nevertheless, the Mexican president considered Wilson’s raid as a violation of Mexico’s sovereignty and he therefore refused to assist the US in its expedition (US Department of State, 2009,
The order to invade Iraq in 2003 by President George W. Bush was given even before Congress had a chance to authorize it, which showed a huge expansion of presidential power in handling foreign affairs (353). Wars like this are not beneficial for the nation’s reputation or economic situation, nor would they be favored or supported by the citizens. If Congress played a more important role in foreign policymaking and took effective actions to defend its powers especially in the war-making area,
Though the Bush government told the media false information for cover-ups to protect himself in the corrupt acts that were happening during the war. Though we know our “friends” the Saudi Arabians financed the 9/11 attacks for the Iraqis, but because of their rich oil we don’t do nothing against them. Instead we send soldiers to die in country’s that have nothing to do with domestic terror attacks. Ever since Obama has come into office, he has not carried out any actions that he had promised during his campaign. Why didn’t Obama file charges against the Bush government?Bush cost the taxpayers hundreds and billions of dollars and committed war crimes.
Document E ‘‘The British Octopus’’ shows us how Germany viewed England. They referred to them as ‘‘Blutsauger der Welt’’, which means bloodsucker of the world. They used propaganda and showed us how England was trying to gain territory. Imperialism contributed to causing the war because nations would make accusations and they wouldn’t trust each other. Having allies with another nation wasn’t a bad thing, but it did cause distrust between nations and it also caused them to fight for an alliance.
President Obama’s foreign policy often appears to provide a more diplomatic solutions to international conflicts in his opposition of the Iraq War of 20034, but he invariably repeated the same policies of the Bush Doctrine by invading Libya. Dueck (2015) defines Obama 's foreign policy of “regime change” in Libya, which is was not unlike Bush’s illegal invasion and bombing of Iraq. In this manner, Obama appears to be a “democratic” president, yet he is enacting a realist theoretical mindset that utilizes massive military interventions to resolve global conflicts between states. Dueck (2015) relies on Walt’s theory of "defensive realism” to validate this “hybrid” of Obama’s cooperative diplomacy as a “balance” to the harsh military measures that he has wielded against Libya. Naturally, Dueck (2015) exposes the hypocrisy of a "defensive” posturing by the Obama Administration, especially when it has invaded and destroyed a sovereign nation, such as Libya, in the expansion of the realist tenets of Bush Doctrine.