The Causes And Effects Of Stress In Social Work Students

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Stress. Stress, a complex phenomenon involving the process of interaction between individual and the environment (Cox et al., 2000), is conceptualized as the response to an inappropriate level of pressure or environmental threat rather than the pressure itself (Arroba & James, 1987, p. 21; Ogden, 2007). Along with high level of stress, psychological, biochemical, behavioral and physiological symptoms may occur, which may lead to an increase in dissatisfaction, anxiety, psychological and physical deterioration (Cox et al., 2000). For example, the body’s immune system’s capability of preventing from illness is considered to be affected by neurological and hormonal changes (McEwen, 2006). Moreover, occupational stress has been directly related to psychological and emotional disorders, such as depression and anxiety (Health and Safety Executive, 2007b), especially within caring professions like nursing and social work (Jones, Huxtable & Hodgson, 2016).
Stress in social work students. For social work students, professional education and training, which combine both academic and professional requirements, may evoke higher level of pressure than ‘traditional’ academic programs (Dziegliewski et al., 2004). On the other hand, as cultural differences may give rise to clashes in their expectations, oversea students must need more time and energy for greater adjustments and adaptation (Akgun & Ciarrochi, 2003). Perceived stress can exaggerate along with lack of the necessary language

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