It was the direct destruction of Africans. Enslavement in Africa became part of an international trade system called the ‘triangular trade’. As part of this trade, African captives were taken thousands of miles across the Atlantic and forced to work in plantations and mines. African people trafficking to America were part of triangle trade between Africa Europe and New World. There was created a circle Europe provided Africa by manufactured goods; from Africa to America were trafficking slaves; and Europe gave raw materials from America.
The middle passage was a sea journey by slave ships from West Africa to the West Indies and Americas from 1601-1857 (University). The first successful African author, Olaudah Equiano (Donaldson) portrays the vivid details and personalizes these destructive forces of slave trading during the middle passage. In his narrative, Equiano influenced British abolitionists, as well as European slave masters, and convicted them of their wrongdoing. Slave trading during the middle passage was the most destructive thing to happen within the African culture because of the harsh physical and psychological effects, inhumane treatment, and dehumanization of slaves. Equiano’s enslavement lasted from 1756 – 1766.
Slave trade abolished in Britain and United States Introduction Before the American Revolution, slavery was a norm and accepted throughout the new world. Major European powers entered the transatlantic slave trade, because they had slave colonies. British came and dominated the slave trade because of its influence in Africa, where its ships carried African captives as compared to other nation. It was estimated that about three million slave were shipped across the Atlantic Ocean as a result. The colonies (British) produced a vast volume of goods like sugar, rice, tobacco and indigo needed for the home market, and the nation grew rich at the expense of slaves.
.Atlantic Slave Trade: Supported Opinion Paper Slavery has been evident from very the early stages of life, from the ancient times, to today in which illegal manners still take place. However, during the 16th to the 19th century, millions of Africans were captured, beaten, tortured and killed due to the major demand in the need for labour while Europeans decided to settle into the new world. The captains of the transporting ships have a major role in supporting the slavery business, while proving their fault and immense guilt throughout the many accounts and statements made by witnesses and slaves themselves. Their ethical stance, economic conditions and social forces play a role into the push for slaves and their gruesome transportation
Between the 1500s and the 1900s, Europeans forcibly uprooted millions of people from throughout West Africa and West Central Africa and shipped them across the Atlantic in conditions of great cruelty. The transatlantic slave trade was responsible for the forced migration of between 12-15 million people. European slavers dispersed them across the Americas to lead lives of degradation and brutality. As a result, people of African descent are spread throughout the Americas and Western Europe. This is called the African Diaspora.
The slave trade begins with Portuguese and some Spanish traders taking African slaves to the American colonies then taking the slaves through the middle passage across the Atlantic to sell them in the west indies and North America. In the early 15th century European traders started to sell slaves. They charged into towns to capture Africans. Some Africans captured in wars were sold to European traders by other Africans.The biggest effect the trade had on West Africa was a huge decrease in their population of people getting captured or traded into slavery. Below is a picture of the triangular trade route with slavery.
From the 1870’s to the 1900’s, Africa was faced with European colonists. The waves consisted diplomatic pressures, military invasions, then the conquest and colonization of as much land as possible. However, the natives of Africa put up a fight against the British invasion, showing their violent nature. But, most of these forces were overwhelmed by British troops and enslaved. Then they were exploited by the British to mine expensive and valuable materials for Britain’s economic purposes.
The Amistad Case This essay is about the Amistad case from 1942. All started in Sierra Leone were African slave traders captures illegally many Africans, including Joseph Cinque, for selling them to Portuguese slave traders. Most of the Africans that were captured were send in the slave ship “Tecora”. This slaves were taken to Havana, Cuba where they were sold to José Ruiz and Pedro Montez and went in the ship called “Amistad”. One of the day Cinque led a revolt, killing the captain and the cook of the ship, they prisoned Ruiz and Montez for them to take them over again to Africa but instead they went opposite direction and landed in the United Sates where they went to jail and to a trial with the charges of murdering.
The Slave Voyages The Atlantic Slave Trade, starting in 1650 and ending in 1807, was the massive shipment of African Americans from their homes in Africa to America where they would be sold as slaves and forced to work on Plantations. During its time there were over 36,000 voyages to the Africa and back resulting in the capture and the enslavement of over 12 million people. With so many excursion happening during this timeline, it has helped create a long list of history that historians can study to get a better understanding of what was going on during this period. One of the many voyages that took place during the Slave voyages was is listed as Voyage 25488 starting in Charleston and traveling to the Congo River to purchase slaves and return to Charleston to have them sold. This voyage was led by Captain Caruth, who was the Captain of the Africa which was owned by William Boyd.
Chapter 1. Historical and Sociocultural Background of Slavery in The United States of America 1. What is slavery According to Wikipedia, slavery is a system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals as a form of property (''Slavery''). The individuals who are bought as a property are called slaves, and they are people forced to work against their will and without any form of remuneration. Although nowadays slavery is considered as illegal in all countries, the number of slaves around the world has reached 45 million – more than in any other time in the history.