As European nations started to make their way to the Americas to broaden and expand their wealth and influence over the ‘New World.’ The first Europeans to explore and settle, this ‘New World’ were the Spanish. However, by the late 1600’s the English had successfully established a dominant presence on the Atlantic coast. Both the Spanish and the English desired to obtain ‘New World’ land for very similar reasons. They both desired silver and gold to add to their country’s vast wealth, as well as what the grains and plants of this ‘New World’ had to offer. When the Spanish arrived at the Americas prior to the English, the Spanish mainly wanted to explore this foreign land.
Among the plant brought from the Old World the sugarcane was the most popular. There were plenty of new plants discovered in the Americas, but the two most important were the potato and maize. Maize was possibly the most important of all the New World crops involved in the Columbian Exchange.Maize originated in America, but because of its flexible nature, it was able to be transported to Europe and successfully grow in different regions. It offered an alternate choice to wheat, because it grew quickly in places wheat could not.The potato is an amazing example of a
Archaeologists still don’t know a lot about the Olmecs. They lived in villages and farmed. Their diet was very diverse containing lots of different meats, vegetables and fruits but over time corn became a more important part of their farming life. Olmecs were famous for making things out of rubber and for making giant heads out of blocks of stone. Not much is known about the Olmec religion but they did play a ceremonial game with a rubber ball where the losers were often sacrificed.
The term Columbian Exchange refers to the biological and cultural exchange of animals, plants, diseases, technology and etcetera after the people of the Eastern and Western hemispheres encountered one another during the European exploration and colonization of the Americas. The Columbian Exchange modified the environment by adding new species that had not lived in that area before. For example, the Europeans brought grapes and cow to the Americas, and they brought beans and cocoa from the Americas to Europe. People benefited from the Columbian Exchange because the exchange of species ended the famine of the people on both sides of the Atlantic. The Native Americans benefited in particular because they didn’t have domestic animals before the
At the time, a Byzantine farmer had a laborious job. Many farmers were poor, so they worked for wealthy land owners as peasants. Farmers However, advanced in technology and ideas that has helped eased the amount of labor and time put into a task. Innovations and ideas include iron-socketed plowshare drawn by a pair of oxen (zeugarion), animal operated mills, and two field seasonal rotation. Egypt and North Africa were the major source of grain supply in the Latin Roman Empire until the provinces were taken over by the Arabs.
As European explorers and those who followed them searched for different trade routes, two biologically distinct worlds were brought into contact when contact between the explorers and the indigenous people of the new worlds. Some of that exchange involved food crops, spread of disease, and human populations, yet some of the effects from the exchanges had differing results. While some of the population dwindled through the spread of disease, yet others thrived through the increase of food supplies. The results of the Columbian Exchange created a lasting effect in which the history of the world is altered. The Columbian Exchange introduced new food and crops to European, Asian, and American fields.
The Columbian exchange was a sort of bridge between two very different cultures and, as Alfred W. Crosby said, it was very hard to find any crops that the two civilizations (the Old World and the New World, so to speak) shared. Horses, wheat, pigs, sugar cane, rice, and grape vines -- along with many other things -- could only be found in the Old World. Likewise, corn, sweet potatoes, alpaca, peanuts, and tobacco were all from the New World. Some of these things, wheat, rice, and corn in particular, are staples nowadays and we would be in trouble if something happened to one of those things. As Crosby said, “[Wheat] is one of Europe’s greatest gifts to the Americas”.
During the early 1400’s European exploration initiated changes in technology, farming, disease and other cultural things ultimately impacting the Native Americans and Europeans. Throughout Columbus’ voyages, he initiated the global exchange that changed the world. The exchange of plants, animals, and diseases between the Old and New World began soon after Columbus returned to Spain from the Americas. These changes had multiple effects, that were both positive and negative. Although the Columbian Exchange had numerous benefits and drawbacks but the drawbacks outweighs the benefits.
They managed to become farmers in deserts, and perfected the skill. The Indians in the Pacific coast where more spread out and lived in scattered villages. They depended more on fishing, and acquiring plants and nuts. Close Indians hunted herds of buffalo. Eastern Indians also lived in scattered villages, but relied more on the “three sisters”, fishing, and the hunting of deer and turkeys.
The direct encounter between the European explorers and the native population had had consequences on numerous issues and their interaction led to dominance of the ideas and beliefs. In the context of Columbian Exchange, the old world, roughly consisting of the western countries gained in a number of ways-discoveries of new supply of metals and new prosperous crops and vast arable land (Qian, 2010). The consequences from their interaction gave rise to the improvement in trade as a result of exploring new routes to promote trade and the scientific exploration which eventually allowed Europe to stand out in the global system in the late 17th century. However, along with those improvements, there are many negative consequences that arose as a result of European exploration that still have devastating impacts on the world system today and which are still highly debated